The consequences of the global financial crisis and the instability of markets continue to impact national economies. On the one hand, such impact limits the availability of funds for research and development (R&D) and encourages cautious behavior. On the other hand, it opens the door for innovation and creativity to promote economic growth. Many countries consider the role of innovation and IP a key factor for economic growth, investing resources to create a balanced and effective IP ecosystem. Internationalization of innovative and creative activities enables cross-country and inter-regional partnerships, potentially leading to more effective usage of international IP protection systems.
Against this backdrop, a growing demand is expected from countries in transition for the development of tailored, long-term, results-oriented national IP strategies and plans aligned with national economic and cultural goals.
It therefore also appears indispensable to enhance and streamline the interaction between WIPO and all stakeholders in transition and developed countries with a view to further raise the profile and standing of the Organization in the countries concerned, as well as increase awareness about the opportunities related to WIPO’s normative agenda, initiatives and services. The demand for developing tailored, long-term, results-oriented national IP strategies and plans, aligned with national economic and cultural strategies, will continue to grow in the biennium.
A coordinated institutional approach will bring benefits to both WIPO and its Member States. Strengthening institutional relations and increasing awareness of WIPO services and activities among a broader audience in the countries concerned will remain a priority.
In addition, many transition and developed countries have joined the WIPO Systems, in particular the PCT and the Madrid Systems, and some countries are planning to join. The full potential of these Systems in the region has not yet been fully realized. For this reason, there is a need to further strengthen their promotion and continue to organize targeted training on their use.
The Program will continue to provide assistance to the countries concerned, focusing on tailored and balanced IP legislative regulatory and policy frameworks; enhanced use of WIPO Services; clearly defined and coherent national innovation and IP policies, strategies and development plans consistent with national development goals and objectives; enhanced human resource capacities to deal with the broad range of requirements for the effective use of IP for development, as well as to strengthen the cooperation mechanisms and programs.
Through the support and close coordination with other relevant Programs and inputs from Member States, Program 10 will guide the development and implementation of balanced, long-term and results-oriented country cooperation plans, ensuring that WIPO’s assistance dovetails with the national IP strategy objectives.
Program 10 collaborates primarily with other Programs as illustrated below:
Promotion of WIPO products and services will be prioritized. The Roving Seminars on WIPO Services and Initiatives, which have been successfully organized in many countries, will be further expanded into new regions.
Two important aspects of expanding the usage of WIPO services during the biennium will be: (i) to ensure that current users are able to maximize the potential of the Systems; and (ii) that potential users, many of whom are located in Member States accounting for the highest usage of WIPO Systems, are actively engaged. In response, targeted and sustained outreach with the aim of maximizing usage in national markets where WIPO system value is already proven and recognized will be established.
In addition, the Program will continue to build on certain commonalities and shared features of the economic and IP systems of transition and developed countries and will support the exchange of experience, lessons learned and best practices.
Capacity building activities will be planned and implemented in line with the national cooperation plans and, where applicable, national IP strategies, with a focus on the establishment of self-sufficient national training programs, which can be conducted by local authorities.
An enhanced two-stage evaluation of activities will enable the Program to further improve and tailor its activities to the specific needs of the countries, including the streamlining of gender equality into relevant activities.
In order to better ensure a balanced development of the IP system, the interaction with all concerned stakeholders, including governments, industry and users, will be strengthened. Sustainable IP experience sharing platforms, which will potentially lead to better coordination between stakeholders, will be developed.
Taking into consideration the membership of transition and developed countries in relevant regional organizations, the Program will further strengthen synergies and promote joint efforts to reach common IP objectives. Accordingly, it will closely cooperate inter alia with the EU, the European Patent Organization (EPO), the Inter-State Council for the Legal Protection and Enforcement of Intellectual Property (ICPIP), the Inter-parliamentary Assembly of the CIS Member States (IPACIS), the Eurasian Patent Organization and the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC).
The DA recommendations will continue to guide Program 10 in its technical assistance activities, particularly Recommendations 1,3,4,6, 10, 11 and 13.
MAJOR RISKS AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES
Economic and political changes might hamper or slowdown the implementation of national IP strategies.
Decisions taken at the international or national level result in the loss of stakeholder commitment to actively engage in the implementation of activities which affect long term plans for enhancing human resource capacities in countries in transition.
Immediate follow-up communication when relevant change in country; advanced planning on all levels; maintaining relations with all stakeholders in the countries; provide flexibility in the cooperation plans.
Working closely with beneficiaries, donors and Members States. Planning and coordination of all IP related matters with other international and national organizations and partners.
No. of Hague applications originating from transition and developed countries
II.6 Wider and more effective use of the Madrid & Lisbon systems, including by developing countries and LDCs
No. of Madrid System applications originating from transition and developed countries
No. of Lisbon system international registrations for transition and developed countries in force
43,748 (2014 estimate):
892 registrations in force (2014)
II.8 International and domestic intellectual property disputes are increasingly prevented or resolved through WIPO mediation, arbitration and other alternative dispute resolution methods
No. of IP disputes originating from transition and developed countries prevented/resolved by WIPO mediation, arbitration and other alternative dispute resolution methods
18 additional disputes and 25 additional bons offices involving parties from transition and developed countries (2014)
33 additional disputes and bons offices involving parties from transition and developed countries
III.1 National innovation and IP strategies and plans consistent with national development objectives
No. of countries having developed national IP strategies or IP plans, dovetailed with national development goals
3 countries in 2014
7 additional countries
III.2 Enhanced human resource capacities able to deal with the broad range of requirements for the effective use of IP for development in developing countries, LDCs and countries with economies in transition
% of trained IP professionals and IP Officials using upgraded skills in their work.
III.4 Strengthened cooperation mechanisms and programs tailored to the needs of developing countries and LDCs
No. of established partnerships
4 MoUs signed (2014)
6 IP partnerships established
RESOURCES FOR PROGRAM 10
The overall resources for Program 10 show a decrease of 0.43 million Swiss francs, primarily due to (i) the transfer of responsibilities for activities targeting SMEs to Program 30 (SME and Entrepreneurship Support), and (ii) a reduction in personnel resources equivalent to one post. The reduction in personnel should be seen as temporary in nature pending the finalization of the regularization of a continuing function in the Program expected to be completed in the second half of 2015.
The shift in resources observed under the Expected Results reflects the completion of the mainstreaming of activities related to TISCs and Business Solutions for IP Offices to Programs 14 and 15 respectively.