E wo/pbc/23/3 original: english date: june 4, 2015 Program and Budget Committee Twenty-Third Session Geneva, July 13 to 17, 2015


PROGRAM 9 AFRICA, ARAB, ASIA AND THE PACIFIC, LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES, LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES



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PROGRAM 9 AFRICA, ARAB, ASIA AND THE PACIFIC, LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES, LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES


PLANNING CONTEXT



  1. In line with WIPO’s Strategic Goal III, the main driver of Program 9 continues to be the facilitation of the use of IP to promote economic, social and cultural development in developing countries and LDCs thereby contributing to the achievement of the Post 2015 Development Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). At the heart of this Program is therefore the enabling of the effective use of IP for development in Member States in Africa, the Arab region, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean countries.




  1. The Program seeks to empower countries to use the IP system as a contributing factor in achieving their national development goals, to leverage their participation in the global knowledge and innovation economy, in line with the relevant DA Recommendations, and to assist them in the development and implementation of comprehensive, coherent and well-coordinated IP national policies.




  1. Several key challenges need to be overcome in order to achieve these objectives. These consist of (a) limited resources; (b) diversity in terms of social, economic, cultural, political and legal systems; (c) different stages of development; (d) broad range and multiplicity of stakeholders with varying skills, competencies and knowledge requirements; (d) an ever-increasing need and demand for development-related, as well as other WIPO services; and (e) the challenge of translating the notion of IP for development into concrete sustainable results with tangible benefits. These challenges are reflected in the heterogeneous status of national IP systems, in particular in terms of IP Institutional frameworks and countries’ absorptive capacity of the technical cooperation. 




  1. The design, planning and implementation of technical cooperation activities under this Program is informed and guided by the relevant DA Recommendations, in particular Recommendations under Cluster A on WIPO’s technical assistance and capacity building.

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES

  1. To achieve the above objectives, emphasis in the next biennium will be on improving the Organization’s delivery by working closely with other Programs and in close consultation with beneficiary Member States. 




  1. National IP strategies. The development and adoption of national IP strategies should address the specific needs of each country and will be prepared on the basis of an inclusive process of national consultation involving, inter alia, government officials, legislators, the private sector, academia and civil society. High-level government commitment is a central prerequisite for this process both in terms of funding and political support. The IP strategy formulation methodology, designed under a DA project, will serve as a basis and a model for achieving this objective. The intention is to increase the number of countries with customized IP strategies during the biennium.




  1. Country plans. The process of adopting IP strategies is usually lengthy and a limited number of countries have to date fully completed it. Where the process is still ongoing, country plans will continue to be the main tool for delivery of technical assistance. The country plans, developed and maintained by the Regional Bureaus on the basis of the needs and realities of the recipient countries, are designed to cover a minimum period of two years and contain all IP-related projects and activities that will take place in each country. The plans are defined and implemented in close consultation with other Programs and all relevant stakeholders in beneficiary countries. The goal is to improve the delivery and coherence of technical cooperation provided by WIPO.




  1. Project-based approach. In order to maximize the effectiveness of technical assistance efforts, technical cooperation will increasingly be delivered through project-based approaches, leveraging the experience gained in recent years through the implementation of DA and other special development projects




  1. Areas of specific activities. The Program will continue to strengthen the development of human and professional skills, facilitate the modernization of IP infrastructure and the development of appropriate IP legal and regulatory frameworks, taking into account the specific commitments and national development objectives of the recipient countries, and promoting accessions to WIPO administered treaties and conventions. In these undertakings Regional Bureaus have a pivotal role as overall coordinators to ensure efficient and effective planning and implementation of coherent and concrete deliverables in Member States.




  1. The special focus on LDCs will be reinforced in order to respond to increasing individual and common needs. Special emphasis will be given to develop the national and technological IP capacity of LDCs to assist in achieving their main development goals of poverty alleviation, economic growth and social and cultural development. WIPO will, in particular, continue supporting activities within the priority areas identified in the WIPO Deliverables, adopted on the occasion of the Fourth United Nations Conference on the LDCs (LDC IV) and designed to contribute towards the implementation of the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA).




  1. Noting the increasing relevance of sub-regional, regional as well as interregional cooperation, including South-South cooperation, among developing countries, the Regional Bureaus will play an instrumental role in facilitating the modalities of this horizontal cooperation. This will include strengthening partnerships between and among countries and regions, especially in the context of existing sub-regional or regional groupings. The Program will ensure a coherent planning and reporting of South South activities at the Organizational level and interface with all internal and external stakeholders.




  1. Existing databases (IP-TAD, IP-ROC and IP-DMD) have proved to be a useful tool to monitor and orient the Organization's development cooperation. During the biennium, these databases will be synchronized with the Enterprise Performance Management system in order to automate data entries. This will ensure that Member States and other users have access to the most current information on development cooperation activities. In addition, new tools, intended to facilitate the process of formulation of national IP strategies, as well as the assessment of South-South cooperation projects, will continue to be developed and implemented.




  1. Cooperation with UN Bodies and other relevant intergovernmental organizational and non-governmental institutions will continue to be promoted as a means to mobilize and pool more resources and expertise for higher impact. No effort will be spared to constantly improve the quality and effectiveness of technical cooperation, focusing on concrete and tangible results, and to ensure sustainability and continuity of programs.




  1. Program 9 collaborates primarily with other Programs as illustrated below:

MAJOR RISKS AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES




Risk

Mitigation

Political change leading to IP policy changes at the national level may affect the delivery of services.

Political instability in Member States and the resulting change in UN security assessment may result in delays in technical assistance delivery.



Flexibility retained to make adjustments in work plans for individual countries.

Monitoring with IP office and stakeholders to develop alternative plans.



RESULTS FRAMEWORK



Expected Results

Performance Indicators

Baselines

Targets

I.2 Tailored and balanced IP legislative, regulatory and policy frameworks

No. and/or % of countries providing positive feedback on WIPO’s Legislative policy advice

Regional breakdowns to be determined in cooperation with Programs 1, 2, 3 and 4

Africa (90%)
Arab (90%)
Asia and Pacific (90%)
Latin America & the Caribbean (90%)

III.1 National innovation and IP strategies and plans consistent with national development objectives

No. of countries which are in the process of formulating national IP strategies

Africa (24 cumulative)
Arab (4 in 2014)
Asia and Pacific (14 cumulative)
Latin America & the Caribbean (12 cumulative)

Africa (additional 3)
Arab (additional 4)
Asia and Pacific (additional 4)
Latin America & the Caribbean (additional 5)

 

No. of countries which have adopted national innovation and IP strategies

Africa (21 cumulative)
Arab (2 cumulative)
Asia and Pacific (8 cumulative)
Latin America & the Caribbean (6 cumulative)


Africa (additional 8)
Arab (additional 2)
Asia and Pacific (additional 7)
Latin America & the Caribbean (additional 2)

 

No. of countries which are in the process of implementing national innovation and IP strategies and IP development plans

Africa (21 cumulative)
Arab (2 cumulative)
Asia and Pacific (4 cumulative)
Latin America & the Caribbean (6 cumulative)



Africa (additional 8)
Arab (additional 2)
Asia and Pacific (additional 7)
Latin America & the Caribbean (additional 6)

III.2 Enhanced human resource capacities able to deal with the broad range of requirements for the effective use of IP for development in developing countries, LDCs and countries with economies in transition

% of participants in WIPO events who express satisfaction with the content and organization of these events

Africa (70%)
Arab (not available in 2014; system to be implemented in 2015)
Asia and Pacific (92%)
Latin America & the Caribbean (not available in 2014; system to be implemented in 2015)
LDCs (90%)

Africa (70%)
Arab (70%)
Asia and Pacific (70%)
Latin America & the Caribbean (85%)
LDCs (70%)

 

% of participants in WIPO workshops who apply the skills learned in their work/enterprise

Africa (70%)
Arab (not available in 2014; system to be implemented in 2015)
Asia and Pacific (89%)
Latin America & the Caribbean (not available in 2014; system to be implemented in 2015)

LDCs (95%)





Africa (70%)
Arab (50%)
Asia and Pacific (70%)
Latin America & the Caribbean (45%)

LDCs (50%)



 

% of national and regional IP experts used as resource persons in WIPO events

Africa (80%)
Arab (35%)
Asia and Pacific (71%)
Latin America & the Caribbean (80%)
LDCs (95%)

Africa (85%)
Arab (55%)
Asia and Pacific (40%)
Latin America & the Caribbean (80%)
LDCs (70%)

III.4 Strengthened cooperation mechanisms and programs tailored to the needs of developing countries and LDCs

No. of national, sub regional and regional/ interregional cooperation agreements, projects, programs, and partnerships to promote the effective use of the IP systems through sharing of best practices.

Africa (1 in 2014)
Arab (1 in 2014)
Asia and Pacific (2 in 2014)
Latin America & the Caribbean (6 in 2014)
LDCs: 1 regional/sub regional program, 4 national programs

Africa (additional 2)
Arab (additional 2)
Asia and Pacific (additional 1)
Latin America & the Caribbean (–additional 4)
LDCs: 3 regional/sub-regional programs, 8 national programs

IV.2 Enhanced access to, and use of, IP information by IP institutions and the public to promote innovation and creativity

No. of sustainable national TISC networks (numbers cumulative)

Africa (9)
Arab (2)
Asia and the Pacific (3)
Latin America & the Caribbean (5)



Africa (11)
Arab (4)
Asia and Pacific (5)
Latin America & the Caribbean (9)

 

No. of organizations, communities, individuals that applied and used the Appropriate Technology as a solution to identified development challenges in LDCs

Organizations in 6 LDCs

Organizations in 3 additional LDCs

 

Use of Appropriate Technology for development through patent searches and reports, technology landscapes, business plans (Number of experts, National Expert Groups (NEGs) in LDCs)

6 in LDCs

Additional 3 in LDCs

 

Identified Appropriate Technology commercialized in LDCs

Projects replicated in other areas in LDCs

Institutions established to continue working on Appropriate Technology in LDCs


6 ATs

n/a

3 institutions


At least 3 additional ATs

1 LDC



Additional 3 Institutions

 

Continuation and expansion of national technological capacity building programs on Appropriate Technology in LDCs

7 programs

Additional 6 programs


 

Utilization of Appropriate Technology for economic development included in the national innovation and IP policies and strategies in LDCs

n/a

1 LDC

IV.4 Enhanced technical and knowledge infrastructure for IP Offices and other IP institutions leading to better services (cheaper, faster, higher quality) to their stakeholders and better outcome of IP Administration

Average Service Level of IP Offices assisted (ranging from 1 to 5)

Average service level as per the 2014 PPR: 2.9

Average of 3.0 (by end of 2017)

RESOURCES FOR PROGRAM 9

  1. An increase of 4.3 percent in non-personnel resources can be observed for Program 9 in 2016/17 compared to the 2014/15 Budget after Transfers. This is primarily due to additional resources allocated for the implementation of two DA projects, namely, the project on IP and Tourism and the project on Capacity-Building in the Use of Appropriate Technology in LDCs (Phase II). The increase is reflected under Expected Result III.2.



  1. The increase in resources under Expected Result IV.2 is due to an enhanced focus on enhancing access to, and use of, IP information by IP institutions and the public to promote innovation and creativity. The decrease in resources dedicated to Expected Result I.2 and IV.4 reflects the completion of the mainstreaming of activities related to legislative advice and business solutions for IP Offices to Programs 1, 2, 3, 4 and 15 respectively. Resources linked to Expected Result III.3 under this Program reflects efforts dedicated by the Office of the Deputy Director General of the Development Sector to the activities of Program 8.



  1. The resources for temporary staff shows a decrease in 2016/17 compared to the 2014/15 Budget after Transfers due to the regularization of long-serving temporary staff in 2014/15. The decrease in the resources for staff reflects the finalization of several DA projects in previous biennia.



Program 9: Resources by Result

(in thousands of Swiss francs)



Program 9: Resources by Object of Expenditure

(in thousands of Swiss francs)



Funds in Trust Potentially Available for Programming in 2016/17 (BY PROGRAM) 1

(in thousands of Swiss francs)



1The figures do not include interest and exchange rate adjustments. It should also be noted that these funds generally provide for activities spanning a period of time exceeding or overlapping a single biennium, as income is received and expenditure incurred.

2These figures are purely indicative and are based on previous funding patterns. They do not represent Member States' commitments except in those cases where the FIT Agreement includes such a commitment.

3Annual contributions vary and fluctuations have been observed from one year to another.



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