Each Forest shall have an overview which serves as the starting point for cultural resources investigations. The objectivesof the overview are to compile, describe, summarize, and synthesizepreviously recorded information regarding prehistoric and historic sites. The overview should be updated as necessary.
2361.22b - Survey.
1. Undertaking Surveys. The following standards shall be followed:
a. Surveys shall be conducted by a professional cultural resource specialist (PCRS), or a currently certified paraprofessional working in accordance with standards in FSH 2309.24, chapter 10.
b. Survey transect interval shall be appropriate to the terrain, but shall not exceed 25 meters. Survey level shall be 100 percent, except in the following instances:
(1) Timber sales and parts of timber sales above the Transition Line, other than clear cuts, may be surveyed at less than a 100 percent level. Minimum standards are:
(a) A PCRS must conduct a 100 percent survey of all benches, boulder and rock faces, caves, lake margins, old and recent mining areas, outcrops, overhangs, roads, rockshelters, spring bottoms and cuts, springs, stream banks and beds, structures, and trails above the Transition Line. The PCRS will determine these areas based on pre-field research and subsequent field observations.
(b) Conduct a 100 percent survey of all proposed roads, landings, and other areas of direct impact. Any new roads, landings, or direct impact areas identified for development after clearance has been given, and not previously surveyed at a100 percent level, shall be treated as separate undertakings,and may not be developed until clearance has been approved. In these cases, if requested, work with the sale purchaser and SHPO to reduce clearance delays. There is no specific requirement tosurvey skid trails apart from the general survey of the sale area.
(c) Conduct a sample survey of the remainder of the sale area in accordance with the guidelines in FSH 2309.24, chapter 10. Consult with the SHPO in developing the sampling design.
(2) Other exceptions to 100 percent survey must be justified to the SHPO. These should have SHPO concurrence.
c. A l00 percent survey is always required for mechanized site preparation, for clearcuts, and for those areas of the Santa Fe National Forest specified in Exhibit 1 of the SettlementAgreement.
d. Sample surveys and predictive models shall be used in accordance with FSH 2309.24, chapter 10.
2. Non-Undertaking Surveys. Priority areas for non-undertaking related survey shall be identified and prioritized in the planningassessment (FSM 2361.21). Surveys conducted for paraprofessional update training must take place in non-undertaking areas (FSM 2361.42).
3. Day-to-Day-Inventory. When Forest Service employees encounter important information on the location or nature of specific cultural resources, past events, or past land use, they should report it to the appropriate District paraprofessional or PCRS for incorporation into the inventory record. Permittees, lessees, or contractors should report cultural resource information to the project administrator.