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2361.21 - Management.

Cultural resources will be managed under a conservation ethic so their recreation, scientific, and heritage values can eventually be made available for the education and enlightenment of the public. Cultural resource specialists should be a part of the Forest decision making team and integrate cultural resources into overall Forest management. Emphasis shall be placed on active management of the resource with compliance in a supporting role.

1. Planning Assessment. For the purpose of Forest land management planning each Forest shall, by April 1, 1988, develop a document that assesses the Forest's cultural resources and establishes priorities for management. The planning assessment shall provide the following:

a. An overview of known data relevant to history, ethnography, and prehistory of the area under consideration, including known cultural resource sites.

b. Identification of areas requiring more intensive site inventory.

c. Identification, classification, and evaluation of known and predicted cultural properties.

d. Identification and evaluation of appropriate sites for the National Register of Historic Places.

e. Measures for the protection of significant cultural resources from vandalism, damage and natural deterioration.

f. Priorities for stabilization and repair of damaged sites.

g. Identification of need for maintenance of sites on, or eligible for inclusion in, the National Register of Historic Places.

h. Identification of opportunities for interpretation of cultural resources for public education and enjoyment.

i. Discussion of interaction of cultural resources and other multiple uses, including consideration of the impact of cultural resource management on other uses and activities, and impacts of other uses and activities on cultural resource management.

j. Coordination with the appropriate State cultural resources plan and planning activities of the SHPO, State Archeologist, and other State and Federal agencies.

2. General Management Guidelines. Management for conservation purposes includes various approaches such as data recovery, protection, preservation, and enhancement. Follow these basic guidelines for the management of Class I, II, and III properties (FSM 2361.1) even though specific approaches will be determined on a site-by-site basis:

a. Class I. These properties should generally be nominated to the appropriate register(s). This category of properties should be protected. Class I properties generally have high potential for enhancement activities or scientific studies.

b. Class II. These properties, upon evaluation, will be converted to a Class I or Class III designation. In the interim, these properties should be protected since they may be determined Class I properties at some future time.

c. Class III. These properties may be managed for conservation purposes and should be protected although priority should be given to Class I and Class II properties.

3. Compliance Requirements. Follow the procedures in 36 CFR 800and in FSM 2361.28 when cultural resources are threatened by undertakings. A reasonable effort must be made to avoid damage to, or destruction of, these properties so as to comply with applicable legal requirements. Initiate these procedures as early as possible.

4. Compliance Documentation. Document all cultural resource management activities for undertaking compliance. This documentation must include a cultural resources report and form R3-FS-2300-4, Inventory Standards and Accounting (IS&A) or form R3-FS-2300-4a, Inventory Standards and Accounting Negative Report - No Sites Present. Use the direction in this chapter to fill out these forms. Accepting the technical adequacy of reports and recommending project cultural resource clearance shall be limited to the Regional Archeologist, unless delegated in writing to Forest professional cultural resource specialists rated GS-9 or above. This authority cannot be redelegated. Cultural resources reports shall conform to standards specified in FSH 2309.24, chapter 10. Monitor compliance by maintaining form R3-FS-2300-8, Clearance Tracking Form (CTF).

5. Minerals Considerations. Additional cultural resources considerations for minerals management are found in FSM 2803 and 2817.23.

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