Duration: This supplement is effective until superseded or removed



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2361.42 - Paraprofessionals.


1. Duties. Paraprofessionals may perform the following duties:

a. Independently survey projects having total areas of effect of 50 acres or less.

b. Survey projects having total acres of effect of between 50 and 100 acres provided that a professional has given prior case-by-case approval. The paraprofessional must follow a written survey plan designed by a professional cultural resource specialist (PCRS).

c. Participate in surveys for projects over 100 acres, under the following conditions:

(1) Using a written plan of survey designed by a PCRS.

(2) With the prior approval, and under the continuous field supervision, of a PCRS.

(3) In surveys below the Transition Line, the PCRS may supervise no more than four paraprofessionals. In surveys above the Transition Line, the PCRS may supervise no more than six paraprofessionals.

(4) At least 20 percent of the area surveyed by each paraprofessional must be directly observed by the PCRS.

This observation can be accomplished by surveying with the paraprofessional, or by reinspecting the area later.

2. Limitations of Duties. Paraprofessionals may not perform the following tasks:

a. Make any evaluation of the importance or significance of a site, or of other archeological or historical remains.

b. Make any evaluation of the effect of a project on a site, or on other archeological or historic remains (although such an evaluation may be included in a report authored by a paraprofessional, provided the Forest Archeologist concurs).

c. Supervise other persons in cultural resource survey.

3. Qualification. Qualification and certification shall be documented in a letter from the Forest Supervisor to the individual upon the recommendation of a PCRS. Continuing qualification will be based on satisfactory performance and current knowledge of cultural resource management.

4. Inspection of Work. Each year a PCRS must inspect at least 20 percent of all projects that each paraprofessional has surveyed without direct field supervision. The content, timing, and level of inspectioni s at the discretion of the professional. Each inspection must bereported to the SHPO within 30 days. To the extent practical this inspection should be conducted in conjunction with the inspection of site marking required in FSM 2361.28.

5. Training.

a. Initial Training. Each paraprofessional trainee must complete at least 72 hours of initial training. This shall include:

(1) At least 40 hours of classroom-type and/or self-study instruction, including review of Region 3 paraprofessional slide/tape training modules.

(2) At least 32 hours of field training. Initial field training must be conducted by the Forest Archeologist or other PCRS directed by the Forest Archeologist. The PCRS may instruct no more than two paraprofessionals at a time. The instructing PCRS will decide whether any trainee requires instruction beyond the specified minimum.

(3) An examination consisting of a combination of written and field exercises given under the direction of the Forest Archeologist.

b. Annual Update Training. Each certified paraprofessional shall have an annual training update which shall consist of a minimum of 24 hours of supervised fieldwork or instruction.

The objective of the training update shall be to enhance the skills needed to identify, record, and better understand the heritage resources likely to be encountered in the paraprofessional's work.

(1) In alternate years this will consist of:

(a) A minimum of 24 hours of supervised survey in a non-project area. The survey area will be selected by the Forest Archaeologist based on heritage resource considerations and training objectives.

(b) A minimum of 24 hours of supervised training, which may include a combination of field and classroom training, designed to enhance identification and reporting skills. The training shall be designed by the Forest Archaeologist with input from the paraprofessionals and may include such activities as: site mapping and documentation, site morphology and variability, expert presentations on the heritage resources of the area, records and reporting requirements, and agency Section 106 policies and procedures. The training may also include activities which will contribute to a better understanding of the nature and importance of the archaeological record, such as opportunities to participate in supervised site testing, data recovery, and laboratory analysis.

(2) During the update training surveys, all paraprofessionals must be under the direct field supervision of a PCRS. Direct supervision means that the paraprofessional works on a crew in the presence of the professional. The professional may supervise no more than four paraprofessionals in this exercise.

(3) The Forest Supervisor shall forward notification of the update training results to the SHPO within 30 days of the completion. Forward copies of any follow-up field reports to the SHPO for information.

c. Transfers. Paraprofessionals who transfer into the Region or within the Region will be required by the Forest Supervisor to receive training, as appropriate, in local archeological materials prior to performing surveys and writing clearance reports.





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