Buffalo Presbyterian Church
GREENSBORO, N. C.
REV. S. M. RANKIN
JOS. J. STONE &C0.
PRINTERS AND BINDERS
My Friend, H. A. Barnes
AT WHOSE SUGGESTION THIS WORK WAS UNDERTAKEN
THE PASTOR AND MEMBERS OF BUFFALO CHURCH, THIS
VOLUME IS AFFECTIONATELY
How amiable are thy tabernacles, Lord of hosts.
I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God than
to dwell in the tents of wickedness. -^ n. ^^
— Ps. 84: 10.
Those that be planted in the house of the Lord shall flourish
in the courts of our God. -r, n-. ..o
— Ps. 92: 13.
1, ''■■' . .-■ ■
-^gf^r^^^lil^^i^X'l^lH "■! ^1 ^^^^
The real purpose in preparing this history is to do good.
The more the present members know of the early history of
their church the more interest they are sure to take in her work.
The more we learn of the faithfulness and devotion of our ances-
tors in their worship, the more faithful and devout will we be
in our worship. As we see the goodness and mercy of God in
His dealings with our fathers and mothers it will strengthen our
faith in Him. Our fathers prayed and God answered their
prayers, for His promises are yea and amen ; and let us remem-
ber His righteousness is unto children's children to such as keep
His covenant, and to those who remember His commandments
to do them.
It is well also for us to know who our ancestors were ; how
they lived and what they did; to know their ideals and prin-
ciples; to know their courage and steadfastness for what they
conceived to be right. They did well for their opportunities.
With our enlarged opportunities we should do better.
In preparing these sketches I have consulted all the local
and state histories. The writings of Dr. Eli W. Caruthers have
been of inestimable assistance. The sketch of the church written
by Rev. J. C. Alexander and revised by Rev. J. McL. Seabrook
has aided. The address Dr. Calvin H. Wiley delivered at the
many facts. The files of the Patriot in the Public Library have
been read and information collected from them. All the church
records have been carefully studied. The deeds, wills and set-
tlement of estates on record in Guilford County have been closely
examined, as have also those on record in Anson, Rowan and
Orange Counties. The church members and others have been
kind in rendering assistance, and in giving access to family
records and other papers. I thank all for their encouragement
There may be some omissions and some errors, but if there
are, it is through ignorance and not intentional. It has been a
labor of love, and one in which the writer has found intense
pleasure. My prayer is that every reader may become a devout
lover of the Lord and an active worker in His church.
S. M. Rankin.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Name and Location 9
The Scotch-Irish 10
North Carolina Settled 12
Nottingham Colony 14
Buffalo Organized 19
Bounds of the Congregation 21
Members of the Congregation 22
Church Grounds 95
Church Buildings 97
Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction 101
Modes of Travel 103
Social Life 105
Training of Youth 106
Revivals and Camp Meetings 108
Salaries of Pastors 120
The Ruling Elders 122
The Deacons 134
Sabbath School 139
The Woman 's Work 141
Church Grouping 149
Communion Seasons 150
Ministers Reared in Buffalo 151
Influence for Good 157
Meetings of Presbytery Here 159
Items from Minutes of Session 161
Items from Minutes of Congregational Meetings 163
The Cemetery 174
Buffalo Men in Public Office 177
The Battle of the Regulators 179
Buffalo Men in the Revolutionary War 182
The War of 1812 202
The War With Mexico 203
Buffalo Men in the War Between the States 204
The Spanish American War 208
The World War 209
Odds and Ends 210
Rev. S. M, Rankin Frontispiece
Church Building 4
Col. Daniel Gillespie 38
Judge John McClintock Dick 54
Henry Humphreys 56
Rev. William D. Paisley 58
Rankin-Wharton Reunion in Church Yard 95
Church Building Erected in 1827 97
Dr. Eli W. Caruthers 114
Rev. Cyrus K. Caldwell 116
Rev. James C. Alexander 118
David Wharton 128
Rev. Jesse Rankin 152
Rev. John C. Rankin, D.D 154
Thomas Caldwell 178
NAME AND LOCATION
The church was named from the creek near by, and was at
first called "North Buffaloe Creek Presbyterian Church." The
creek was named Buffaloe because of the large herds of wild
buffaloes that formerly ranged along its borders. We do not
know when the name was first given to the creek. It is thus
called in the earliest deeds. It must have been called Buffalo
by the Indians before the white man came.
The church is located two miles north from the center of
Greensboro. It had been organized fifty-two years before the
village of Greensboro was started. In 1808 the county commis-
sioners bought the land and moved the court house from Mar-
tinsville to the exact center of the county. Greensboro has
grown and the city limits have been extended from time to time.
Since 1923 the church has been within the bounds of the city.
Greensboro was named in honor of General Nathanael Greene,