Donner Party – dbq name: Period: Directions


Document #2 – Number of Overland Emigrants



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Document #2 – Number of Overland Emigrants

Year

Oregon

California

1840

13

0

1841

24

34

1842

125

0

1843

875

38

1844

1475

53

1845

2500

260

1846

1200

1500

1847

4000

450

1848

1300

400

1849

450

25000

1850

6000

44000

Source: End of the Trail Museum, Oregon City, Oregon

What observations can you make about the number of emigrants traveling west during the 1840’s?


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Does the story of the Donner Party affect emigration west? Use data to answer this question.

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Why is there such a jump in 1849-1850? _________________________________________
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Document #3 – “The Hastings Cutoff”

By recent explorations, however, a very good, and much more direct wagon way has been found, about one hundred miles, southward from the great southern pass, which, it will be observed, lies principally through the northern part of California. The California route, from Fort Hall to the Sacramento River, lies through alternate plains, prairies, and valleys, and over hills, amid lofty mountains; thence down the great valley of the Sacramento, to the bay of St. Francisco… The Indians are, in many places, very numerous; yet they are extremely timid, and entirely inoffensive. Wagons can be as readily taken from Fort Hall to the bay of St. Francisco. From Lansford W. Hastings, Emigrants’ Guide to Oregon and California. Cincinnati: G Concklin, 1945. Facsimile reprint, Bedford, MA: Applewood Books, 1994, pg. 134.



If you were thinking about moving west, how would this description & map affect your planning? Compare Hastings’ route to the primary route. Make a list of pros and cons.





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