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APUSH | Wiley |Period 7 Table of Contents (1914-1945) Name:

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Table of Contents
Instructions & Reminders

  • The table of contents should contain an accurate listing of all document names. You are responsible for updating the table of contents as new documents are received, as well as recording the document number in the appropriate place on the document.

  • All work is to be complete, thorough, original, and done in a legible fashion.

  • All reading materials should be actively read. This means annotated/highlighted with purpose.

  • Responses should reveal critical thinking and authenticity.

  • At any point in the period, documents could be collected for a formative assignment.

Period 7 Basics—Just the Undisputed Facts
Economic and industrial growth expanded opportunity, while economic instability led to new efforts to reform U.S. society and its economic system.

  • The U.S. continued its transition from a rural, agricultural economy (pre-Civil War) to an urban, industrial economy led by large companies.

    • New technologies and manufacturing techniques helped focus the U.S. economy on the production of consumer goods, contributing to improved standards of living, greater personal mobility, and better communications systems.

    • By 1920, a majority of the U.S. population lived in urban centers, which offered new opportunities for women, international migrants, and internal migrants.

    • Episodes of credit and market instability in the early 20th century, in particular the Great Depression, led to calls for a stronger financial regulatory system.

  • During the 1930s, policymakers responded to the mass unemployment and social upheavals of the Great Depression by transforming the U.S. into a limited welfare state, redefining the goals and ideas of modern American liberalism.

    • Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal attempted to end the Great Depression by using government power to provide relief to the poor, stimulate recovery, and reform the American economy.

    • Radical, union, and populist movements pushed Roosevelt toward more extensive efforts to change the American economic system, while conservatives in Congress and the Supreme Court sought to limit the New Deal’s scope.

    • Although the New Deal did not end the Depression, it left a legacy of reforms and regulatory agencies and fostered long-term political realignment in which many ethnic groups, African Americans, and working-class communities identified with the Democratic Party.

  • Related themes:

    • Work, Exchange, and Technology:

      • Explain how patterns of exchange, markets, and private enterprise have developed, and analyze ways that governments have responded to economic issues.

      • Analyze how technological innovation has affected economic development and society.

    • Politics and Power:

      • Explain how and why political ideas, beliefs, institutions, party systems, and alignments have developed and changed.

      • Explain how different beliefs about the federal government’s role in U.S. social and economic life have affected political debates and policies.

    • Migration and Settlement:

      • Analyze causes of internal migration and patterns of settlement in the U.S., and explain how migration has affected American life.

Innovations in communications and technology contributed to the growth of mass culture, while significant changes occurred in internal and international migration patterns.

  • Popular culture grew in influence in U.S. society, even as debates increased over the effects of culture on public values, morals, and American national identity.

    • New forms of mass media, such as radio and cinema, contributed to the spread of national culture as well as greater awareness of regional cultures.

    • Migration gave rise to new forms of art and literature that expressed ethnic and regional identities, such as the Harlem Renaissance movement.

    • Official restrictions on freedom of speech grew during World War I, as increased anxiety about radicalism led to a Red Scare and attacks on labor activism and immigrant culture.

    • In the 1920s, cultural and political controversies emerged as Americans debated gender roles, modernism, science, religion, and issues related to race and immigration.

  • Economic pressures, global events, and political developments caused sharp variations in the numbers, sources, and experiences of both international and internal migrants.

    • Immigration from Europe reached its peak in the years before World War I. During and after World War I, nativist campaigns against some ethnic groups led to the passage of quotas that restricted immigration, particularly from southern and eastern Europe, and increased barriers to Asian immigration.

    • The increased demand for war production and labor during World War I and World War II and the economic difficulties of the 1930s led many Americans to migrate to urban centers in search of economic opportunities.

    • In a Great Migration during and after World War I, African Americans escaping segregation, racial violence, and limited economic opportunity in the South moved to the North and West, where they found new opportunities but still encountered discrimination.

    • Migration to the U.S. from Mexico and elsewhere in the Western Hemisphere increased, in spite of contradictory government policies toward Mexican immigration.

  • Related themes:

    • American and National Identity:

      • Explain how interpretations of the Constitution and debates over rights, liberties, and definitions of citizenship have affected American values, politics, and society.

    • Work, Exchange, and Technology:

      • Analyze how technological innovation has affected economic development and society.

    • Culture and Society:

      • Explain how religious groups and ideas have affected American society and political life.

      • Explain how artistic, philosophical, and scientific ideas have developed and shaped society and institutions.

      • Explain how different group identities, including racial, ethic, class, and regional identities, have emerged and changed over time.

    • Migration and Settlement:

      • Explain the causes of migration to the U.S. and analyze immigration’s effects on U.S. society.

      • Analyze causes of internal migration and patterns of settlement in what would become the U.S., and explain how migration has affected American life.

Participation in a series of global conflicts propelled the U.S. into a position of international power while renewing domestic debates over the nation’s proper role in the world.

  • World War I and its aftermath intensified ongoing debates about the nation’s role in the world and how best to achieve national security and pursue American interests.

    • After initial neutrality in World War I, the nation entered the conflict, departing from the U.S. foreign policy tradition of noninvolvement in European affairs, in response to Woodrow Wilson’s call for the defense of humanitarian and democratic principles.

    • Although the American Expeditionary Forces played a relatively limited role in combat, the U.S. entry helped to tip the balance of the conflict in favor of the Allies.

    • Despite Wilson’s deep involvement in postwar negotiations, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles or join the League of Nation.

    • In the years following World War I, the U.S. pursued a unilateral foreign policy that used international investment, peace treaties, and select military intervention to promote a vision of international order, even while maintaining U.S. isolationism.

    • In the 1930s, while many Americans were concerned about the rise of fascism and totalitarianism, most opposed taking military action against the aggression of Nazi Germany and Japan until the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor drew the U.S. into World War II.

  • U.S. participation in World War II transformed American society, while the victory of the U.S. and its allies over the Axis powers vaulted the U.S. into a position of global, political, and military leadership.

    • Americans viewed the war as a fight for the survival of freedom and democracy against fascist and militarist ideologies. This perspective was later reinforced by revelations about Japanese wartime atrocities, Nazi concentration camps, and the Holocaust.

    • The mass mobilization of American society helped end the Great Depression, and the country’s strong industrial base played a pivotal role in winning the war by equipping and provisioning allies and millions of U.S. troops.

    • Mobilization and military service provided opportunities for women and minorities to improve their socioeconomic positions for the war’s duration, while also leading to debates over racial segregation. Wartime experiences also generated challenges to civil liberties, such as the internment of Japanese Americans.

    • The U.S. and its allies achieved military victory through Allied cooperation, technological and scientific advances, the contributions of servicemen and women, and campaigns such as Pacific “island-hopping,” and the D-Day invasion. The use of atomic bombs hastened the end of the war and sparked debates about the morality of using atomic weapons.

    • The war-ravaged condition of Asia and Europe, and the dominant U.S. role in the Allied victory and postwar peace settlements, allowed the U.S. to emerge from the war as the most powerful nation on earth.

  • Related Themes:

    • Culture and Society:

      • Explain how ideas about women’s rights and gender roles have affected society and politics.

    • America in the World:

      • Analyze how ideas about national identity changed in response to U.S. involvement in international conflicts and the growth of the U.S.

      • Analyze the reasons for, and results of, U.S. diplomatic, economic, and military initiatives in North America and overseas.

    • American and National Identity:

      • Explain how ideas about democracy, freedom, and individualism found expression in the development of cultural values, political institutions, and American identity.

      • Analyze how ideas about national identity changed in response to U.S. involvement and international conflicts and the growth of the U.S.

      • Analyze the relationships among different regional, social, ethnic, and racial groups, and explain how these groups’ experiences have related to U.S. national identity.

Directory: cms -> lib010 -> PA01916442 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 2100
2100 -> Soc ∙ Ms. Wiley ∙ Culture Resources & Analysis, d name
2100 -> Edge fall Quarter 2003
2100 -> Actively read both secondary sources and respond to corresponding prompts
2100 -> At the turn of the century, the United States pursued a more vigorous and aggressive foreign policy than it had in the past, securing the country a place as a new world power. During this period, U. S
2100 -> In Aaron Huey’s Ted Talk he made mention of the word "genocide" when describing the formation and expansion of the U. S. at the expense of its indigenous people
2100 -> Case, the experiment helped to persuade the U. S
2100 -> In this exercise, you will look at a sample dbq, investigate the documents, build an outline that responds to the question, and evaluate a sample response
2100 -> John Ross Major Ridge
2100 -> The way Columbus's story used to be told
2100 -> Charles C. Mann, August 2011 Trade is an economic activity, but its greatest impact may be biological. Charles C. Mann on stowaway earthworms, far-flung potatoes and the world made by Columbus

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