Document: Emerentiana Bowden to Abraham Lincoln, April 23, 1864


the my serious consideration for a petition of some of your constituents praying for the revocation of the said



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the my serious consideration for a petition of some of your constituents praying for the revocation of the said order. In the second, you said you did not intend in the first dispatch to express an opinion that the order should be abrogated.

I am far from certain to day that the revocation was not right. & I am very sure the small part you took in it is no proper ground to disparage your judgment, much less to impugn your motives. Your devotion to the Union & the administration cannot be questioned by any sincere man.
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Document: William Corby to Abraham Lincoln, April 24, 1864

The following Telegram received at Washington, 550 P M. April 24 1864.

From 2nd Army Corps

Dated, Apr. 24” 1864.

General Meade has not the official proceedings relative to the Court Martial of L. Dawson who is under Sentence of death to take place 25th instant therefore Cannot act. Please say what will be done1



1 Lincoln had reviewed Dawson’s case and determined that there was nothing in the record that warranted a pardon or commutation of the death sentence. On April 25, Lincoln telegraphed General Meade and authorized him to suspend the execution if he was aware of any mitigating circumstances that were not a part of the official proceedings. Meade replied that there were no such circumstances and the sentence would be carried out. See Collected Works, VII, 314-15 and Meade to Lincoln, April 25, 1864.

Wm. Corby



Brig Chaplain

88th Regt NY Vols
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Document: William S. Rosecrans to Abraham Lincoln, April 24, 1864

The following Telegram received at Washington, 8.10. P M. April 24 1864.

From St Louis.

Dated, April 24, 1864

Mrs. Wards case is a very bad one1 -- she was banished East of Ills, North of the Ohio, which should have kept her from Washn, when it was rumored that there was a possibility of Provost Marshal Brohears2 yielding to pressure & recinding the order the union aid society waited on him by Committee with resolutions of remonstrance I think the order should stand.



1 Lincoln had telegraphed Rosecrans on April 23 and asked him to review the case of a Mrs. Ward who had been banished from her home in St. Louis. See Collected Works, VII, 310.

2 James O. Broadhead

W. S. Rosecrans,

M G.
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Document: David R. Bacon to Abraham Lincoln, April 25, 18641



1 Bacon
was the postmaster at Le Roy, New York.

P. O. Le Roy Genesee County N. York

April 25th 1864

Dear Sir:

When in the Army of the Potomac a few weeks ago, I met a young man, who in the course of conversation remarked that he had an original letter of the President. Expressing a desire to see it, he complied & produced the enclosed.2 On a farther request that he would allow me to retain it, he assented. And what under other circumstances I should have greatly prized (an original letter of the Prest), a private & domestic one like this, all the “proprieties” seemed to forbid that I should retain. On my return through Washington I thought to have returned it, but being presented by my brother in law Mr Glendon at one of your public receptions (the only occasion of seeing you), the opportunity was not favorable. I therefore now enclose it, -- trusting that after so long & adventurous a journey it may reach its original source. Had it been a fragment of the original Emancipation Proclamation, or the Syracuse letter it would not probably have thus found its way back to the Author.

2 Bacon enclosed Lincoln’s August 8, 1863 letter to Mrs. Lincoln, which is in this collection.

I will only remark that I know nothing of the circumstances by which it came into the possession of the party who delivered it to me. His only answer to my inquiry on the subject was the vague one, “it was picked up in the Army”. It is evident from its soiled condition that it has had a “career”.

Hoping that you will pardon this intrusion I remain with the highest considerations of esteem & regard

Very faithfully

Yr Obt Servt

D. R. Bacon



P M
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Document: Thomas M. Bowen to James H. Lane, April 23, 18641



1 Colonel Bowen commanded the 13th Kansas Infantry.

Dated Leavenworth Apl 23 1864

Rec’d, Washington, 25 1864,

Have me ordered to Report to Washington to Settle ordnance account answer quick

Thos M Bowen
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Document: Salmon P. Chase to Abraham Lincoln, April 15, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1



1 Speculation had driven up the price of gold and Chase was in New York attempting to find a solution to the crisis.

New York, April 15, 1864

My dear Sir,

Two topics seem to occupy exclusively the attention of New York -- Speculation and the Metropolitan Fair. Today the tidings from Paducah create a momentary diversion2 -- something this way “A horrible affair that at Paducah”. “Yes, really ‘twas terrible”. Then a little pause -- then, “how’s gold now?”



2 A skirmish occurred at Paducah on April 14 and some early accounts erroneously reported that the city had been destroyed.

The sales which have been made here yesterday & today seem to have reduced the price; but the reduction is only temporary, unless most decisive measures for reducing the amount of circulation & arresting the rapid increase of debt be adopted. These measures can only be put in operation by Congress, and Congress will be slow to act with the promptude absolutely indispensable unless you manifest a deep sense of their importance and make members feel that you regard their cooperation as essential to the success of your administration.

Thus far every financial measure has been crowned with success; but I have always warned gentlemen in Congress and in the Administration that debt could not be increased indefinitely by selling bonds & issuing notes; and the time has come when taxation and retrenchment must play their parts. They ought to have been called into activity a year ago; but is not yet too late. Without them it is my duty to say emphatically there is no hope of continued financial success.

Next to taxation and retrenchment a uniform national currency is most important. This can be accomplished only through the passage of the National Banking Law now before Congress;3 or by some bill embracing its leading amendments of the act of last year. In my judgment the Banks organized under this law should pay their full share of taxation; but they should be taxed under National & not under State laws. The National Government will need to pay interest on debt, current expences, &, as long as the war lasts, its extraordinary expences, vast sums from taxes. Duties on imports are the only exclusive resource of the Nation as distinguished from the States. Why should not the National Banks & their property and franchises be added? I see no good reason: while uniform taxation by Congress would put all the Banks throughout the Country upon a equal footing and secure the unity & completeness of the system. Some of the New York Members have urged their objection to state taxes, & some concessions have, I think unwisely, been made to their wishes. It would be much better could they be prevailed on to yield their wishes to the public good.



3 The National Banking Act became law on June 3, 1864.

The National Banking bill should be followed by the bill to tax local bank circulation & prohibit after some fixed period its further issue.4



4 A prohibitory tax on state bank notes was not carried into effect until 1866.

These two bills will give us what we must have, if success is wanted, a national currency.

If you concur with me in these judgments, may I not hope that you will send for such members as are disposed, from any cause, to be lukewarm or opposed & urge them to give the needful support to the bills-- Mr. Hooper5 in the House and Mr Sherman6 in the Senate will gladly furnish you all necessary information as to the views of Senators & Representatives.

5 Samuel Hooper

6 John Sherman

Since I have been writing a gentleman has come in who tells me that gold after declining to 171 & 170 was carried up again on the news of the disaster at Paducah, exaggerated as much as possible, interested & unfriendly persons, to 174.

I hope to be able to go to Philadelphia tomorrow and to return to Washington, Monday Evening or Tuesday Morning.7

7 For more on Chase’s financial proposals, see Chase to William P. Fessenden, April 11, 12, 1864 and Chase to Lincoln, April 14, 1864.

With the greatest respect & regard

Yours truly

S P Chase

[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]

Finance
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Document: Nathan Kimball to Abraham Lincoln, April 11, 1864

The following Telegram received at Washington, 4.35. P M. April 25 1864.

From Little Rock Ark 11

Dated, April 11 1864.

The inaugiration of the Governor of the free state of Arkansas today was preceeded by a grand civil & military procession participated in by upward of ten thousand (10.000) people including citizens troops & freed people, the procession was three (3) miles in length & is acknowledged to be the greatest civil & military demonstration that was ever received in arkansas. God has granted us a magnificent triumph & Arkansas is once more an organized state with National union free from slavery.1

1 Lincoln had met with General Kimball in January 1864 and sent him back to Arkansas with blank books to record the names of those who had taken the loyalty oath prescribed by the December 8, 1863 Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. A convention comprised of forty-five delegates, representing less than half of the fifty-three
counties in Arkansas, met at Little Rock in January 1864 and drafted a new free state constitution. The convention appointed a provisional governor and declared an election for March 14 in order to ratify the constitution and elect state officers and representatives to Congress. Isaac Murphy was elected governor in the March canvass. See Murphy to Lincoln, April 15, 1864.

Nathan Kimball

B Genl Comd’g
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Document: George G. Meade to Abraham Lincoln, April 25, 1864

The following Telegram received at Washington, 9.15 A M. Apl 25th 1864.

From Hd Qurs A. P. 9. A M.

Dated, Apl 25th 1864.

I duly received your Note by Mr Corby1 & after examing the case of Dawson could see nothing to justify my reccomending a mitigation2 The only point is the fact that he has been awaiting sentence for a long period & may have deluded himself into the belief that he would escape. Unless you intervene he will be executed.



1 This note has not been located. William Corby, the chaplain of the 88th New York, had telegraphed Lincoln on April 24 regarding Dawson’s case. See Corby to Lincoln, April 24, 1864.

2 Lincoln had examined Dawson’s case and found nothing in the record to warrant a pardon or commutation of the death sentence. On April 25, Lincoln telegraphed Meade and authorized the general to suspend the execution if he was aware of any mitigating circumstances that were not a part of the official proceedings. See Collected Works, VII, 314-15.

Geo. G. Meade

Maj Gen.
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Document: House of Representatives, Resolution, April 25, 1864

38th Congress.

1st Session.

CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES.

In the House of Representatives.

April 25, 1864

On motion of Mr. Dawes,

Resolved, That the President be requested to communicate to this House whether the Hon. Francis P. Blair, Jr., representing the first Congressional District of Missouri in the present House, now hold any appointment or commission in the Military service of the United States, and if so, what that appointment or commission is, and when the said Blair accepted the same, and whether he is now acting under the authority of any such appointment or commission.1

1 This resolution was prompted by the farewell address Frank Blair delivered to the House on April 23 before he assumed command of the 17th Corps. In his speech, Blair lashed out against the Radical Republicans and leveled charges of corruption against Treasury Secretary Chase. The radicals in Congress were so outraged by Blair’s remarks that they passed the above resolution in the hope that it could be proved that Blair held his commission as a general while he served in the House. A draft of Lincoln’s April 28 reply to the resolution is in this collection. See also, William E. Parrish, Frank Blair: Lincoln’s Conservative, (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1998), 192-95.

Attest


Edwd
McPherson

Clerk
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Document: Edward Wallace to Abraham Lincoln, April 25, 18641

1 Edward Wallace, the brother of William S. Wallace, was appointed the naval officer at the Philadelphia customs house in 1861.

Naval Office,

District of Philadelphia,

April 25th 1864.

My dear Sir

On Saturday last we elected two firm & unwavering Lincoln men, as our Delegates to Baltimore, & instructed them to vote accordingly.

In our district there is no dissenting voice, and so far, as I can learn, the State will be unanimous, for your re-election. Our State Convention will be held on Thursday next, at Harrisburg.

With Sincere regard

I am, truly Yours

Edwd. Wallace


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Document: Richard Ellis to Unknown, April 26, 1864



Confidential

Head Q’rs 2nd Regt. Penna. Reserves.

Bristow Station Va.

April 26th 1864

My Dear Sir:

There is great trouble and much feeling in this Division on the ground of the date of discharge from service. The opinions of Officers and men are undivided, that we are entitled to be discharged in the latter part of May, being the date of our first muster. It is understood here that the War Department intend to keep the Division until the latter part of July, being the date of second muster.

I sincerely hope this has not been decided, or if it has been, that it will be reconsidered and changed; by such a decision nothing is to be gained, and every thing is to be lost, for these men will refuse to do duty, after the expiration of their state muster, and will be changed into violent opposers of the Administration. I am particularly anxious with reference to this matter, as I was a member of the Convention at Chicago, that nominated His Excellency, the President, and I desire to see him reelected.

The men of this Division are of a superior class, and would wield a powerful influence in the State, and will be driven into the ranks of the opposition by retaining them in service after the time which they honestly believe they are entitled to their discharge. I regret to say, that I have frequently heard expressions of opinion of this kind from gentlemen who have heretofore been our warm political friends.

I write you this fully with the hope, that no hasty or ill advised action may be had on this subject in the War Department.1

1 The 2nd Pennsylvania Reserves participated in Grant’s Overland Campaign and when the regiment’s term of service expired on May 25, the men voted unanimously to remain in the field until May 31, when the terms for the other Pennsylvania reserve regiments expired.

This I consider of moment and requires prompt attention.

Write me at your earliest convenience

Truly yours

Richard Ellis

Major Comd’g 2nd Penna Reserves.


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Document: James R. Fry to Abraham Lincoln, April 26, 1864

Philadelphia April 26th 1864.

Mr. President:

You will receive, in the course of a few days, a formal invitation from gentlemen representing the Great Central Fair of the Sanitary Commission, the Union League and other bodies of this city, to come hither on Wednesday the 4th day of May to attend the Grand Musical Festival which will inaugurate the Fair. As chairman of the committee having charge of the Festival, while I advise you of the proposed invitation, I solicit your attention to the importance of honoring the occasion by your acceptance of it.

The Festival will commence by the performance of an opera in the English language at the Academy of Music. Your anticipated presence would create an interest in the enterprise ensuring its success to a degree not otherwise attainable. In asking you to come I am warranted in assuring you that the representation in regard to the number and aggregate talent of the vocal and instrumental performers, the scenery, costumes and all the appointments of the great stage of the Academy, will be on a scale of completeness and grandeur without precedent in this Country, and which must form an era in the history of its lyrical and dramatic art. You will allow me to remark that the transcendent progress of all Art in Europe is due not less to time and the working of genius, than to the honor accorded to it by the highest governing classes. You may therefore have a double motive in accepting the intended invitation. If you will do so, I will place at your disposal a special train between Washington and this city, so that your visit may if you please, trespass only a part of a single day upon your time, and that you may also be afforded the most agreeable means of being accompanied by your family, by any members of your Cabinet, or any of your friends whom the occasion might attract.

If you can favor me with an early reply it will be of moment to enable me to send prompt invitations to gentlemen in official positions in Washington and to make the requisite preparation for the transport and reception of the party.1

1 A draft of Lincoln’s April 30 reply to Fry is in this collection.

I am very respectfully

Your Obedient Servant

J. R. Fry.

P. S. Other departments of the Fair begin in June, but the musical Festival (as I state above) on Wednesday the 4th of May
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Document: Addison C. Gibbs and William W. Pickering to Abraham Lincoln, April 17, 1864

The following Telegram received at Washington, 340 P M. April 26, 1864.

From Olympia

Dated, April 17” 1864.

Dear Sir


The charges against Superintendent Hale are all false Do not remove him If necessary let him come & defend Send answer
1

1 Lincoln had removed Calvin H. Hale as Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Washington Territory in March 1864.

William Pickering

Gov of washington Terry

He ought not to be removed

A C Gibbs

Govr of Oregon


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Document: H. L. Williams to Abraham Lincoln, April 26, 1864

New York, April 26, 1864.

Your Excellency:

I have for some time intended to compile a Book, on “The Negro as a Soldier.” But I find that to produce such a work properly it would be necessary to visit and remain for a brief period in Paris, France.

The basis-works would include “Le Tableau de la Situation des Etablissements dans l’Algérie’, 1850, 1852, an official work; Pelessier’s “Les Annales Algérennes’ the Lives of of Lamonciér, Bugeaud, Changarniér, Pelessier and other eminent Generals, who commanded in Algiers; and who largely employed the African (negro) element in the formation of their armies. The real “Bashi-Bazouks, as your Excellency is doubtless aware, were mostly negroes.

Abdel-Kader had a black body-guard, as did, also, the last Sultan of Morocco. These guards were famous for their intrepidity. The Sultan of Morocco left a son, a fine French scholar, who has written much on this subject.

Many of the Arab tribes have Negro standard bearers, on account of their superior bravery.

It was a negro who threw a match into the Magazine at Algiers.

The mode of discipline, &c, &c, and very many highly interesting particulars could readily be learned from veteran officers of Negro Regiments, who now reside in Paris and its environs.

The History of the British West India (negro) Regiments would also afford much useful material.

Thinking, your Excellency, that a valuable and interesting book might be compiled, I have taken the liberty to tresspass upon your valuable time to ask if I might hope for some countenance from the Government in its publication, and whether, should the book meet your approval, I might have the honor of dedicating it to your Excellency, whose illustrious name will be transmitted to posterity as firmly linked to “Africanus” as was that of the celebrated Scipio.

I am, your Excellency’s

Most obt. Svt.

H. L. Williams

11 Spruce St

New York
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Document: Charles J. M. Gwinn to Abraham Lincoln, April 27, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1



1 Joseph L. Savage had been accused of defrauding the Navy Department in March, and was arrested on the order of Assistant Secretary of the Navy Fox. Lincoln received this delegation pleading Savage’s case on April 30. See George Savage to Lincoln, April 30, 1864.

Baltimore April 27th. 1864,

Sir:

I beg leave to submit respectfully to your Excellency an application on behalf of a client, Joseph L. Savage, who is now confined, a close prisoner, at Fort Lafayette.



He has been, and is, a contractor with the Navy Department, and although no charges have been made known in any formal manner to him, it is understood that he is accused of the commission of frauds as a contractor, and that he has been arrested under the Act of Congress of July 17th. 1862, which makes contractors for the Army and Navy a part of the land and naval forces, and subject to the rules and regulations for the government of the land and naval forces of the United States.

Under the 38th. regulation for the government of the Navy, Joseph L. Savage, who has been for


Directory: mss -> mal -> maltext -> rtf orig
rtf orig -> Document: Ohio and Illinois General Assemblies, Resolutions for Gradual Emancipation of Slaves, 1824 and 1825
rtf orig -> Document: Alexander K. McClure to Abraham Lincoln, June 30, 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Thomas Corwin to Abraham Lincoln, September 6, 1864
rtf orig -> Document: Harriet Chapman to Abraham Lincoln, January 17, 1865
rtf orig -> Document: Mary C. W. Wadsworth to Abraham Lincoln, July 4, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]
rtf orig -> Document: Isachar Zacharie to Abraham Lincoln, April 25, 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Abraham Lincoln to Mary Mann, April 5, 1864 [Draft]
rtf orig -> Document: Edwin M. Stanton to Abraham Lincoln, November 18, 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Jesse K. Dubois and Ozias M. Hatch to Abraham Lincoln, September 16, 1863 Springfield Sept 16. 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Joseph Butler to Abraham Lincoln, January 10, 1861


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