Document: Emerentiana Bowden to Abraham Lincoln, April 23, 1864

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The board of trade Complaints from all parts of the west were heard. The board of trade for Montreal sent its President to me for information, and then petitioned parliment for relief.

A delegation was sent to Quebec to induce Parliment to act. Members enquired what our government required? and requested the delegation to learn from me saying they would do whatever may be demanded. I replied at once that our government demanded nothing. That the canadas had exported Antharcite coal to Nassau to aid Blockade runners, and the americans had therefore prohibited its exportation to Canada, and would not likely permit its exportation to be resumed untill Canada should effectually prohibit its reexportation to Nassau. I was asked to write our government to know whether the restriction would be removed if Canada should prohibit its reexportation. I said no, our government ought to make no promises. I will not ask them to do it. Here the matter rests. My object has been to bring out to the understanding of the Cannadians their entire dependence on us. To let their Statesmen and people understand that we are to be respected because of our power. That is the only argument that Englishmen seem capable of appreciating This I believe should constitute our policy with the Canadas. Let us by every proper meanes show their dependence upon us, and do no act rendering them independent. I would advise the termination of the reciprocity treaty and if Congress be disposed to favour Canada let them extend the benefits of the treaty by Statute, which may be repealed at pleasure. I would not make annother treaty to render them secure in their advantages for annother series of years. Such treaty merely postpones a result which must come, sooner or later, and the more it is agitated amoung Canadians, the sooner it will take place.

While pursuing this policy I would advise a kind conciliatory policy course. Let the Canadians understand that we are guided by justice, and will demand of them nothing more, and will accept of nothing less.

I would advise that exportation of coal be permitted as soon as we shall be made secure-- Indeed we cannot be justified in witholding it one moment after full security be given. To continue the prohibition after that would be to violate the spirit of our treaty, and I would impress the Cannadians with a sense of our Justice.

I have deemed these suggestons due to the Administration who cannot be as well acquainted with facts and circumstances as one who is on the spot, mingling with the people. Again if the predictions of my phisicians prove true, I shall pass from this sphere of action at no distant day, and I desire that the Administration and my successor may understand the course I have pursued--.

My object has been to carry out “The Munroe doctrine which was intended to consecrate the American Continent to free institutions, while I think it were far better for the Canadas and for the world that they form an independent government, than to form States of our Union.

With great respect

I have the honor to be

The Presidents obt Sert

Joshua R Giddings


Document: William H. Seward to Abraham Lincoln, May 13, 1864

Department of State,

Friday, May 13th, 1864.

My dear Sir,

I have taken the liberty to appoint an interview with you tomorrow morning at eleven o’clock, for the purpose of presenting to you Mr. Aime Humbert, the Envoy Extraordinary of the Swiss Confederation to Japan.

Faithfully, yours,

William H. Seward.


Document: Charles E. Sherman to Abraham Lincoln, May 13, 1864

Washington 13th May, 1864.


The recruits in the Old 15th N. Y. Vol. Engineers, whose case was presented to you some days ago with a letter from Gov. Morgan, & from the Hon Mr Kalbfleisch & the Hon Mr Odell, have been ordered by the War Department to proceed with their Brigade to the front tomorrow.

The evidence shows, beyond all question, it is believed, that they have been unlawfully detained in the Service for nearly a year; and as the Brigade is entirely efficient without these recruits, they most respectfully ask that they may be retained where they now are, until your Excellency disposes of thier case, upon the evidence now before you. They ask this as an act of simple and obvious justice.1

For more on this case, see Sherman to Lincoln, May 28, June 2, 6, 1864.

Very respectfully

Your Obt Servt.

Cha: E. Sherman.

by request of the Petitioners to the President.

Document: James Short to Abraham Lincoln, May 13, 18641

1 James Short was one of Lincoln’s best friends in New Salem, Illinois during the 1830s. In 1861 Lincoln appointed him agent for the Round Valley Indian reservation in California. For more on Short’s difficulties in California, see his other letter to Lincoln in this collection.

May 13th 1864

Round Valley Mendocina Co Cal

Dear Sir

the time has been when I addressed you that I was fully satisfied that I was addressing my best friend and I hope there has no change taken place to cause to Justly cause any I do know that I have persued
the Same Strait forward course honorable course that I Ever have since you first knew me the contrary Reports to the Department notwithstanding did you ever know or hear of my telling or being accused of telling a false hood and I do say that Every charge prefered against me is basely false and was only gotten up because I was in Hansons2 Way in Swindlin the department that he could get one in that he could use to an advantage to himself and it was fifty dollars per months more Salery than the Doctor3 Was getting as phisician Whitch is a verry great Item with him and then for to fo accomplish there Ends I have no doubte in my mind but what Hanson and the Docter bribed old Jim Robinson to help to accomplish ther undertaking from what Hanson Said to me on my arival in Sanfrancisco when I returned from Washington City Last Sept and told him of his removal he asked me if I had Seen Robinson I told him that I had not he remarked that he had Sent him on there and that when he got there he had no doubt but it would all be changed back as it was Now Robinson you know and Self was always on the most intimate terms I had done more for him at home than I Ever did for any man Liveing at the time he Rebuilt his mill on Clarys Creek I gave him Every Stick of timber for the frame of his grisst and Sawmill boarded his hands while geting out the timbers and put my own teams and hands to work and then hawled Every Stick of the timber to his mill and never charged him one cent for any thing at two other times I Loaned him a fine pair of mares that I had to drive to chicago for a welthy Brother and his wife from New York that was comeing out to visit them and then again to take them back again to Chicago and he got one of them Crippled So that She was never of any force again and I charged him Nothing when he come to this country in Sixty two he huted me up the three hundred miles in the interior he was Stroped I took him in and gave him Employment he had a great deel to Say to Every body in my praise Mrs Malindy the Doctors Wife told me that Robinson Said he thought more of me than any man Liveing I never Laid a Straw in his way but treated him as kindly as I Ever had him or any Other man and in a few months he became obstinate and Said and done Every thing against me that he could him the Dr and Hanson formed a League and I had to be removed and Ruined for to make place for the Dr Where he could get fifty dollars per month more than he was then receiveing With reference to the charges agains me in the first place I am carged with a Neglect of duty and only for the Dr and Robinson there would of been no Crop on the Resurvation in Sixty three now the facts are Robinson was an Employee on the and from the 14th of January until the 20th of march all that he done was to make three gates Stock a harrow and Lay the worm for a fence Seven days whitch any man Should of done in two days and as for the Doctor if he Ever Said or done one thing toward’s a crop I never herd of it neither is there any of the Employees that Says they Ever herd him Say or do any thing about the farming then again I am charged with gambling with the Indians I positively declare that I have never gambled With any person White Black or Read in the State of California and to Cap the climax that I have Cohabited with a Squaw the whole particulars of that are as follows My Wife died in July in 1862 I Lived Entirely by myself until October done all of house work myself when Hanson came in and Complained of me for doing So Saying that I must take a Squaw or two in to the house to do my work Saying that the whites on all of the other resurvations had them to do there work and that it was a benefit to the Squaws I remonsterated Saying I did not think that I could Stamach them for cooks he urged it on me and in the Course of a few weeks I Selected two of the neatest Looking young Squaws that I could find and took them in they improved and Soon done mutch better than I had anticipated they boath had Bucks tho one of there bucks was over the mountains with a merchant at Tahama and in the course of a months or two he come and took her off with him by Hansons consent the other ones buck Staid in the house attending to the fires and Sutch Like and those things were mearly a pretext I attended to the business of the Resurvation as I particular and close as I ever did to my own and done as Well as any person could under the Same circumstances I had fenced about Eight hundred acres of new Land With a nine rail Staked and double [ridered?] and had put the Same kind of a fence around about two thirds of the old farm Since I Left the have put the Same kind of a fence around the balance of the old farm and I See they have got a puff in the papers claiming the credit of the whole work and Stating that they have from two to three thousand acres in grain when in fact there is not more than Eight or nine hundred acres tho they have a fine crop and there has been nothing to hinder it has been a verry dry winter there has not been three days during the winter but what they could plow the two winters that I was here it was verry wet So that it was imposible to plow a furrow dureing the winter the valley is a Low wet flat vally and of a wet winter the water Stands on the greater part of the resurvation and then I never had more than three Employees on the farm and this winter they have had Seven Employees I will Enclose a Statement from Capt Douglas in Command at this who had better oppertunitys to know Every thing about the affrs than any other man4 well now my old friend you have the power directly vested in you to have writed by being renstated I should not ask it but I have been Shamefully treated without any Just cause Wronged and Ruined for Life pecuniarly I do hope that you will attend to my case and take time Some night or Sunday and write me if it is only a dozen Lines it would do me a great dell of good I am Low Spirited among Strangers without a dollar and not able to work I have not got my money from government yet nor not mutch prospect that I can See hoping that Every thing will come around right I Remain as Ever

2 George M. Hanson,
a politician from Coles County, Illinois, was appointed a superintending agent for the Northern District of the California Indian Office.

3 The 1863 Official Register lists William P. Melendy as the physician at the Round Valley agency.

4 See C. D. Douglas to Lincoln, May 10, 1864.

Respectfully yours

James Short
Directory: mss -> mal -> maltext -> rtf orig
rtf orig -> Document: Ohio and Illinois General Assemblies, Resolutions for Gradual Emancipation of Slaves, 1824 and 1825
rtf orig -> Document: Alexander K. McClure to Abraham Lincoln, June 30, 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Thomas Corwin to Abraham Lincoln, September 6, 1864
rtf orig -> Document: Harriet Chapman to Abraham Lincoln, January 17, 1865
rtf orig -> Document: Mary C. W. Wadsworth to Abraham Lincoln, July 4, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]
rtf orig -> Document: Isachar Zacharie to Abraham Lincoln, April 25, 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Abraham Lincoln to Mary Mann, April 5, 1864 [Draft]
rtf orig -> Document: Edwin M. Stanton to Abraham Lincoln, November 18, 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Jesse K. Dubois and Ozias M. Hatch to Abraham Lincoln, September 16, 1863 Springfield Sept 16. 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Joseph Butler to Abraham Lincoln, January 10, 1861

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