vote majority of the 7. Ward in this City (bloody) has diminished last year from 500 to 370 & this last election to 170 (last fall we had 24 maj. on your side) and I have great hope to see this bloodiest Ward become before long a republican Ward & besides all this I had to work days & nights to make my honest living. I have never worked at any election for money or the like but I spended my time (some times very precious to me) for principles as I have done in 1848 in Germany when in the Army, against my own interest but for freedom &c. I have never asked any Office as a reward, but in fall 1862 my christian friends wanted me to be a Candidate for Justice-- Although I had some hard work against me on account of my religion (I am a M. of the Am. M. E. Church) & my temperance principles (somewhat different from the most of the Germans) but I was elected by a handsome majority-- But I have found that an honest Justice in the West-Division of Chicago can’t make much out of that Office, nothwithstanding I stand at my principles & rather intend to dy than to depart with them-- On account of my own health & still more of that of my boy, a clever fellow of 9 years of age who has been sick for over a year, I am very desirous to make a journey to Europe but as I have not the means to do this without sacrifice I shall ask for an appointment to Europe either as Secretary of Legacy to Berlin or any other place or as Consul to Prussia, Hamburg or Bremen or any other seaport-- As I have been in Germany in the mercantile business where we had some 35 vessels on sea besides our import & export business I think I would be in my element.
1 Rosecrans was commander of the Department of Missouri.
2 Lincoln had telegraphed Rosecrans on May 11 and informed the general that he had received complaints of disturbances in Carroll, Platte and Buchanan Counties. See Collected Works, VII, 337.
The President of the U S may be assured that there is less disturbance in Carroll Putnam & Buchanan counties in this state than at any previous time during the Rebellion The Citizens of this this district are very generally engaging Earnestly in their legitimate pursuits I wish the President would give us the source of information He has Received
Maj Gen Comdg
Document: Robert C. Schenck to Abraham Lincoln, May 12, 1864
Washington City May 12. 1864,
You have heard ever since 1840 of “John W. Bear the Buckeye Blacksmith”.1 Let me introduce him to you. He can speak for himself; & you can rely on his loyalty & his shrewdness. He has been lately of late years residing in Pennsylvania, & has acquired much acquaintance & influence with the people in the northern & mining districts of that state. He might be made very useful, with his peculiar talents, in helping to remove the disaffection of misguided men in those quarters where Copperheads abound; & I think it would be well if the Government can give him, in some way, the small help he will need for such usefulness, by a position that will furnish him support, & the duties of which may not interfere for awhile with such patriotic engagement.
1 Bear was a well known stump speaker who first worked for the Whigs in the 1840 presidential campaign. The Official Registers for 1861 and 1863 list Bear as a night inspector at the Philadelphia customs house. According to Bear’s autobiography, he first met Lincoln when they shared the platform during one of Henry Clay’s campaigns for the presidency. Bear’s reminiscences also contain accounts of two interviews that he had with Lincoln in May 1863. Bear claims that President Lincoln gave him $20 and obtained a better position for him at the customs house in Baltimore. The autobiography contains no account of an 1864 meeting with Lincoln. See John W. Bear, The Life and Travels of John W. Bear, “the Buckeye Blacksmith” (Baltimore: D. Binswanger & Co., 1873), 199-225.
I am, very respectfully
Your Obdt. Servt.
Robt. C. Schenck
Document: Abraham Lincoln, Memorandum on Memphis Church, May 13, 18641
1 In 1861 the Second Presbyterian Church of Memphis, Tennessee voted its bell to General Beauregard and dismissed Dr. Grundy, its Unionist pastor. Upon Memphis’ occupation by Union forces, General Sherman restored Grundy to his pulpit, and Grundy in turn gave the church over to a Unionist group, thus displacing the church’s original trustees. It was the displaced trustees who appealed to Lincoln, who then wrote the March 4 endorsement noted below. For further explanation, see Collected Works, VII, 223, 339, and 427-28.
I believe it is true with reference to the church within named I wrote as follows;
"If the Military have Military need of the Church building, let them keep it; otherwise let them get out of it, and leave it and it's owners alone, except for cases causes that justify the arrest of any one"
March 4. 1864
I am now told that the Military were not in possession of the building; and yet that in pretended execution of the above, they they, the Military put one set of men out of and another set into the building-- This, if true, is most extraordinary. I say again, if there be no military need for the building,