Document: Edward Bates to Abraham Lincoln, October 14, 1864
Attorney General’s Office
October 14th 1864.
I have the honor to report to you, in regard to a letter, referred to me from your Department on the 28th of September last. The letter is addressed to you officially, dated New Orleans, July 30, 1864, and signed W. W. Handlin.1
1 See W. W. Handlin to Lincoln, July 30, 1864.
I need not make any remark upon those parts of the letter which relate to politics, local or general, for these, I am sure, present no question about which you desire opinions from me.
I understand that Mr. Hahn is Governor of the State of Louisiana, chosen by the people, and acting, professedly, under the Constitution and laws of that State. And that Mr. Handlin was a State Judge, for the third judicial (municipal) District of New Orleans, within that State.
This being so, I do not perceive that the President has any duty or power, to interfere between the conflicting officials of the same State government. He is not the judge of the laws and officers of the State. If, as Mr. Handlin affirms, the Governor had no power, under the State Constitution, to remove him from office and vacate his commission, the State judiciary alone has power to hear and determine the question of right; and if they find the Governor in the wrong and the Judge in the right, they will, doubtless, be able to protect the Judge in the enjoyment of his office, and in the legal exercise of all his legitimate functions.
I think it is a matter which belongs entirely to the State of Louisiana, and that the President has no legal authority in the premises.
All which is respectfully submitted by
Your obedient servant,
The papers referred by the President to this office are herewith returned.
Document: William Cullen Bryant to Abraham Lincoln, October 14, 1864
The general wish of the friends of the Union, so far as I have the means and the capacity of judging, points to Mr. Chase as the successor of the late Chief Justice. For such a post, Mr. Chase is admirably fitted, both by his native and his acquired qualities. As is an able and accomplished jurist, profoundly versed in international and constitutional law, and familiar with all questions arising out of the relations of the States to each other, and to the federal government, I do not know his superior-- I need not speak to you, who know him so well, of the his powers of discrimination, his calm and solid judgment and dignity of character. His liberal opinions, in regard to the duties of government, are tempered by a moderation which makes it impossible that he should push them to any rash extremes. All these qualities exist in combination with an incorruptible honesty. In the reconstruction of the Union many questions will arise in which the late Chief Justice would, without the least doubt, have been a most unsafe arbiter. In Mr. Chase the friends of the Union recognize one who would decide these questions wisely and with a judicious regard to the welfare and permanence of our system of government.
If he were appointed to the seat on the Supreme Bench left vacant by Chief Justice Taney’s death, the anxieties of many, who have looked towards the final settlement of the controversy in which the country is now engaged, with some degree of painful doubt, would be allayed. It is manifest that the Executive in this important work would need the powerful cooperation of the Judiciary, and with Mr. Chase at the head of the Supreme Court, that cooperation would be given most effectually and most satisfactorily to the country.2 I am, Sir,
Document: William A. Buckingham to Abraham Lincoln, October 14, 1864
Hartford, Oct 14th 1864
Permit me to express the opinion that the appointment of Mr Chase of Ohio to the office of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States would give great satisfaction to the friends of your administration and of the American Union residing in this State1
Document: William S. Alden to Abraham Lincoln, October 15, 1864
Oct. 15th 1864
Allow me the honor to solicit your indulgence in addressing you these lines.
Enclosed please find twenty-five cents which I send you for your Autographic Carte de Visite.
Very recently I was mustered out of the U. S. Service having served in the 2” Vermont Battery Lt. Artlly. three years.
I was on Ship Island when Gen. Butler arrived there to take command.
I have the honor to be Sir
Your Obdt Servt.
Wm. Seymour Alden
Late Q. M. Sgt. 2” Vt. Batty Lt. Artlly.
P. S. Please direct to Philadelphia Care of Rev. B. D. Ames Secretary Field Operations U. S. Christian Commission
W. S. A.
[Endorsed by John Hay:]
Money returned & photograph sent
Oco 21 64.
Document: William O. Bartlett to Abraham Lincoln, [November 1, 1864]1
1 Bartlett was a close friend and associate of James Gordon Bennett, the influential owner of the New York Herald. In the weeks leading up to the 1864 presidential election Lincoln attempted to secure Bennett’s support by tendering him the position as minister to France. Bartlett served as the intermediary in these negotiations between Bennett and Lincoln.
2 Chief Justice Roger B. Taney had died on October 12, thereby creating the vacancy.
I wish I could see you and if it would be of any avail I would go to W to see you-- I presume Mr F would be much gratified with the apt and is most eminently qualefied for the place, and let me assure you, if you can consistently give him the place it will confer a lasting obligation upon me--3
3 Lincoln appointed Salmon P. Chase to succeed Taney.
I go to N. Y. and Pa to engage in the Prest canvass
Yours very Truly
Document: Frederick Hassaurek to Abraham Lincoln, October 15, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1
Orders were, therefore, issued to that effect, but when Gen. Butler returned to his post, he suspended their execution. In consequence of which Ould threatens to put my brother in close confinement again so soon as his shattered health permits it.
The Secretary of War was then very kindly ordered to propose to the Rebels the exchange of my brother for the man for whom he is held. To this I beg that a secret addition be made.
5 Major John E. Mulford was the assistant agent for the exchange of prisoners at Fort Monroe.
In the expectation that my humble prayer will be favorably considered by your excellency, I have the honor to remain yours & &
[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]
Document: Frederick Hassaurek to Abraham Lincoln, October 15, 1864
Washington Oct. 15th 1864.
I know that private considerations cannot and will not interfere with the discharge of your official duties, but when those considerations affect or may affect a great cause in which we all are so deeply interested, you will weigh them with reference to that cause.
1 Lieutenant Leopold Markbreit, Hassaurek’s half-brother, was a prisoner of war at Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia. Though Lincoln had ordered the arrangement of a special exchange for Markbreit in September 1864, he was not released until February 1865. See Official Records, Series II, Volume 7, 842, 983-84; and Series II, Volume 8, 29-30, 182.
I cheerfully tender to you the office which you so kindly bestowed on me, if by conferring it on somebody else you can add the slightest strength & influence to the cause of the country.
For what little I may have done more than my duty, I ask but one favor now -- my poor brother’s life which can be saved only by a word from you-- If you should decide to say that word, please do it by telegraph.
most obedient servant
F. Hassaurek d3726200
Document: Henry W. Hoffman to Abraham Lincoln, October 15, 1864
The following Telegram received at Washington, 1120 AM. Oct 15 1864.
Now, for his successor I am convinced that 99 of every 100 of your political friends and supporters desire you to make Mr. Chase Chief-Justice. You never did a more popular act in your life than to appoint him to the vacancy.2
2 On December 6, Lincoln nominated Salmon P. Chase to succeed Taney. The Senate confirmed Chase’s nomination that same day.
Very Truly Yours
Document: James K. Moorhead to Abraham Lincoln, October 15, 1864
The following Telegram received at Washington, 5 PM. Oct 15 1864.
Document: George A. Bennett to Abraham Lincoln, October 16, 18641
1 Captain Bennett was commander of a cavalry company known as the “Union Light Guard.” This unit had been raised in Ohio in 1863 for the express purpose of guarding the president and important public buildings in Washington. Prior to his service in the Union Light Guard, Bennett was captain in a company of the 11th New York Cavalry (also known as “Scott’s 900”) which had also performed escort duty for the president.
Document: Andrew Johnson to Abraham Lincoln, October 16, 1864
The following Telegram received at Washington, 725 PM. Oct 16 1864.
From Nashville Tenn Oct 16 1864.
Sometime since for varied reasons and in compliance with the wishes of the real Union men of this state I requested the Secy of War to include all Eastern Tenn in the Dept of the Cumb. This should be done I hope there is no objection to it by the Executive The change can produce no conflict but on the contrary will produce harmony & concert of action I have again renewed the request to the Secy of War & hope that there will be favorable action on the part of the Prest & the Secy of War1
What is your opinion in respect to this proposition? Expect to reach City Point at 9. AM-- Please let me have your answer--3
3 No reply from Lincoln has been located.
E M Stanton
Secy of War
Document: Charles C. Fulton to Henry W. Hoffman, October 16, 18641
1 Fulton was editor of the Baltimore American.
The following Telegram received at Washington, 12.50 PM. Oct 16 1864.
From Baltimore Oct 16 1864.
All the actual county returns we have foot up as follows.2
2 The following returns pertain to the October 12, 1864 referendum in Maryland on the new state constitution. The most controversial aspect of the new constitution was that it abolished slavery. Lincoln had written a letter in support of the constitution and was keenly interested in the outcome of the referendum. See Henry W. Hoffman to Lincoln, October 3, 12, 15, 17, 1864 and Lincoln to Hoffman, October 10, 1864.
Majority for Constitution 11246 against 6332 -- returns from soldiers as far as received principally in Maryland 924 majority for Constitution we have nothing from montgomery Charles prince Georges somerset Worcester and Dorchester -- the highest estimates for these counties against the convention are 6400 -- admitting these and the result will be about as follows -- for Constitution 12170 against 12722-- we expect fully one thousand more from soldiers for the constitution if the counties estimated exceed the estimates given the Constitution is lost if not it is probably adopted--3
3 The vote of Maryland’s soldiers helped pass the constitution by a very narrow margin and Maryland became a free state on November 1, 1864.
C. C. Fulton
Document: P. Wellington to Abraham Lincoln, October 16, 1864
Cincinnati Octobr. 16/64
My dear S’ir:
Enclosed please find a true copy, of Evidence rendered by me, in regard to George McClellan, to Edgar C’onklin of this city. My affidavit, having been taking this day.--
My object, for addressing you in regard to same is as follows, My enemies; or rather our Countries Enemies, may accuse me, of having acted, from motives of S’elf Interest, Knowing, that I hold just Claims against the Government.-- I state to you, that I have been prompted only by pure & patriotic motives; & would s’corn to stoop in any way, that would lead one iota, from the track of Honnor & Justice. Though I have & am still, supporting your administration; with a zeal but seldom found, I am S’ir; among the Thousands, that has lost their all! by your to great Clemency to Traitors.
Forgive me if I am so severe, but I deal in facts, the Truth is, that the treatment, which I have received, from the present Administration has been of that S’tamp, which would s’hake an Angels faith.
All what I have ask’d & still s’eek is Justice & my h’onnest Dues Had that been rendered me, I would again, have faced the Enemy of our Country.
I have given you my reasons for writing, let nothing be so construed; to think that this s’tatement would prompt you, to do ought in my behalf.--
I have only once more, answered my Countrys Call; & the noble s’atisfaction, of having done my duty; have already amply rewarded me.
To the Public
I am a Union Refugee from Pine Bluff Arkansas, now a Citizen of Ohio, & reside in Cincinnati. I render the following S’tatement from the purest motives, and what I state will be fully corroborated, by Thousands of true and prominent men S’outh. Early in June or July, 1863, was assembled at my S’tore in Pine Bluff Arkansas, the following noted Arkansas Rebels, Ex Governor, now General Roan, Judge Murray, Lt Carluton, Ervin Buck, Benjamin Houston, and some nine or ten Officers, representing 5, or 6, of the Rebel S’tates. They were discussing matters in Virginia, when one of the Officers, check’d his companion, for speaking to plain about McClellan. I noted this, & as soon as an opportunity offered itself, I ask’d Benjamin Houston, who considered me a true Rebel, how it came; that McClellan was always spoken of, in the highest terms, by leading S’outheren men. He rather hesitated in replying, but finally remarked, you belong not to our order, but He McClellan does; I Know you are all right, but mark, breathe, not, what I tell you, to mortal man! George McClellan will never take Richmond, He is playing a double game, & the Devil himself, can’t catch him.* Late in July or early in August 1863, there was gathered in Dr Sledges Store in Pine Bluff Arkansas, the following Rebel Officers from that S’tate; viz, Col Bell, Captain McNally, Captain Greenfield, & Captain Fletcher also some seven or eight Texas Officers, one of some of high rank, also Mr Parrot, & Mr Lenair. Captain McNally, & two of the Texas Officers, were also discussing, the Virginia Campaign. The Texians were elated, about some points, which they considered of great advantage, gained by some of McClellans movements; when I distinctly remember McNally to remark, that if we had not been outruled, by our friends in Yankeedom; who guided the earlier movements of McClellan, we would indeed have something to boast of too day. Col Bell by this time came up, He used some rather hard language against McClellan (not easy to forget,) remarking as follows, I am afraid his promises, will prove no better, then some of the Ballance of the sneaking Hounds! whose s’ympathy are based on S’elf Interest only, If we succeed, they expect to emigrate S’outh, & s’hare the Cream of the land, & should we be unsuccessfull, they are certain to reap a bountifull harvest, for their accursed s’ympathy. Captain McNally responded as follows, I differ with you Col, Little Mack! is monstrous ambitious, and expect to rule at the White House, and we ought to make just allowance; for what he has already done. I can also s’tate on the best authority, that Four Hundred & fifty thousand Dollars in Gold, was at one time, about June 63, deposited with Butler, of the Firm of Fish & Butler (Noted Rebels & both in the s’ervice of the Bogus Government) I had bought a large Bill of Hardware of Fish & Butler, the parties alluded too above, & was at their Counting Room, settling my Bill, when I heard the following Conversation, between a Mis’s’ouri Col, & Butler-- The Officer remarking, is the golden ore still on hand, to which Butler replied, No it left yesterday for New York, by the way of Memphis, For Arms I suppose, was the Officers Reply; No Bob replied Butler, for a far s’tronger purpose; to buy a few influential Yankees, quoting the vulgar adage, Money makes the mare go, adding Jeff is a Keen Boy &c--
* (the following ought to have been written on the first page) before s’econd s’tatement is rendered
* It was the common remark, among all loyal men, from their s’ep’rate localities; That there is something rotten in Virginia, & McClellan is selling us, dont you see how s’afe the Rebel Leaders always feel about Richmond, & then the Certainty with which they assert, that Washington will fall into their hands.*
Further, having had the opportunity, to mix among Thousands of loyal men S’outh, I never found one, to sustain McClellan, but have found most ev’ry inteligent Rebel ready to eulogize him, as a true S’outherner at heart.
P. Wellington d3730000
Document: Lucien Anderson to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 18641
1 Anderson was a Unionist member of the 38th Congress (1863-65) from Kentucky.
Document: George A. Bennett to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1
1 Captain Bennett was commander of a cavalry company known as the “Union Light Guard.” This unit had been raised in Ohio in 1863 for the express purpose of guarding the president and important public buildings in Washington. Prior to his service in the Union Light Guard, Bennett was captain in a company of the 11th New York Cavalry (also known as “Scott’s 900”) which had also performed escort duty for the president. For more on the circumstances surrounding Bennett’s resignation, see his October 16, 1864 letter to Lincoln which is also in this collection.
Washington City D C
October 17th 1864
I have the honor hereiwth to tender my resignation as Captain of volunteers and would ask Your acceptance of the same to take effect this day
I have the Honor to be
Yours to Command
Geo A Bennett
Capt U L G Cav
[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]
Document: Charles C. Fulton to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 18641
1 Fulton was editor of the Baltimore American. The following returns pertain to the October 12, 1864 referendum in Maryland on the new state constitution. The most controversial aspect of the new constitution was that it abolished slavery. Lincoln had written a letter in support of the constitution and was keenly interested in the outcome of the referendum. See Henry W. Hoffman to Lincoln, October 3, 12, 15, 17, 1864 and Lincoln to Hoffman, October 10, 1864.
The following Telegram received at Washington, 815 PM. Oct 17 1864.
From Baltimore Oct 17 1864.
The officals vote of Prince Georges, Queen Anne, Somerset, & Calvert have so reduced the vote against the Constitution that it now stands as follows For Constitution 12997, against Constitution 12961, majority for Constitution 36-- We expect at least five hundred (500) more soldiers votes. All hail Maryland as a free state
Chas C Fulton
Document: John T. Hall to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 1864
2 Associate Justice Samuel Nelson of the U. S. Supreme Court
“If that time comes and I am not crazy”, were the words, “I will give the country a Chief Justice upon whom it may rely.” I derive much comfort from another statement you were pleased to make, I think you said in the words of your “new Judge”, that “the function of of courts is to decide cases -- not principles.”
On your adhesion to these sentiments I place my hope that the next incumbent of the seat, which the Judge of all the Earth has just purged, will be one with whom the rights and liberties of both government and people will be safe.
I see by the papers that this state is likely to appear among the suitors for this high position. Assuming that the claims of our “well preserved old hunker” will not be considered even, and hoping those of the most sanctimonious rogue ever honored by this state may be regarded as little, I desire to say, that we have no worthier names than several of those alleged to have been presented to your notice already. Will you forgive me, Mr. Lincoln, if I suggest one, which, so far as I know, has not yet been printed in that connection?
John K. Porter, of this city of Albany, in my judgment, is the peer of any man who has been named or will be appointed to the lofty position in question.
As a jurist he has no superior among us; and if the calendars of our court of last resort, the Court of Appeals, should be consulted, it will be found that he has scarcely been spared from any case of high political or pecuniary importance during the last ten years. He is in the full vigor of manhood and maturity of intellectual power. He is courteous in manner and generous in spirit -- in point of fortune he is entirely independent of the practice of his profession.
Document: Oliver S. Halsted, Jr. to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 18641
1 Halsted was the scion of a wealthy New Jersey family who moved to Washington in 1861 and became an active lobbyist and socialite. He frequently called on Mrs. Lincoln and became a regular member of her salon.
Washington, D. C. Oct. 17, 1864.
Dr Sir-- In the matter of supplies for our Prisoners at the South, about which we have heretofore conferred; I am convinced the plan suggested can be made to operate, and furnish the relief desired--
The Govt. need be in no way involved-- It will resolve itself into an individual matter on both sides-- The attempt, in the manner proposed, to secure the cooperation of prominent and influential persons on the other side can do no possible harm, but must result in good.
There are no military objections in the Dept. by which the exchange & management of the Prisoners is controlled -- except such as relate to a supposed National, or Administration policy, to be judged by the President alone. It is proposed so to conduct the whole affair as to avoid the raising of any such question--
The patent objections are apparent, and are all of a secondary & inferior nature, & should not be allowed to weigh a feather in a question involving so much of relief to the Govt. & to suffering humanity as lamentably represented both among the prisoners themselves, & their relatives and connections. The Military authorities who have spent so much time in attempts to exchange & relieve our prisoners, with, so far, very indifferent success, of course will wish to take, & stand on high Military ground We have done, say they, all we are called on to do-- The fault is not ours, &c-- If the prisoners cannot be properly cared for and fed the laws of War require they should be paroled &c Grand Military law, & logic -- cold comfort to some 210.000 desolate Union men who are suffering the torments of the damned at the South, and to their disconsolate kith & kin at home-- Unfortunately of no practical avail in relieving & saving fighting patriots constitutions & lives--
The practical operation of the plan of relief proposed, would be substantially this-- The President & Genl. Grant, protect & pass the gentlemen to be named through our lines to Richmond & back-- They confer with the authorities on the other side, who, if they look at the proposal in the proper light, will consent to give the necessary permits & protection. The Military authorities on both sides, are relieved, and reliable individuals, influenced, it may be by entirely different motives, some humane & some sordid, with which we have nothing to do -- perfect the arrangements, and accomplish the benevolent, beneficial & humane results so much desired, & which will bring so much of comfort, & relief & happiness to all concerned--
Mr President, it is a proceeding in which the Govt. can take the action asked without any risks -- with nothing to lose, and everything to gain-- I have considered it well, and am persuaded that no real, or technical objection can be made which may not be fairly met and refuted--
I am very respectfully
Your obt. servt
O. S. Halsted Jr d3731700
Document: Henry W. Hoffman to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 1864 [With Vote Tabulation by Lincoln]1
1 The following election returns pertain to the October 12, 1864 referendum in Maryland on the new state constitution. The most controversial aspect of the new constitution was that it abolished slavery. Lincoln had written a letter in support of the constitution and as the tabulations in his hand indicate, he was keenly interested in the outcome of the election. See Henry W. Hoffman to Lincoln, October 3, 12, 15, 17, 1864 and Lincoln to Hoffman, October 10, 1864.
The following Telegram received at Washington, 11 AM. Oct 17 1864.
From Balto Oct 17 1864.
Allagheny official majority eight hundred and eighty five (885) for the Constitution Dorchester one thousand and forty (1040) against. Worcester eleven hundred and ninety (1190) against Soldier vote actually returned fourteen hundred and eighty (1480) majority for. Its estimated that at least one thousand further majority will be obtained from the soldiers. Our friends are still confident that the constitution will have a small majority on the total official
Document: Henry W. Hoffman to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 18641
1 The following election returns pertain to the October 12, 1864 referendum in Maryland on the new state constitution. The most controversial aspect of the new constitution was that it abolished slavery. Lincoln had written a letter in support of the constitution and was keenly interested in the outcome of the referendum. See Henry W. Hoffman to Lincoln, October 3, 12, 15, 17, 1864 and Lincoln to Hoffman, October 10, 1864.
The following Telegram received at Washington, 7.20 PM. Oct 17 1864.
From Baltimore Oct 17 1864.
The official votes of Prince George Queen Annes Somerset and Calvert Counties have so reduced the vote against the Constitution that it now stands as follows. For twelve thousand nine hundred and ninety seven (12997) against twelve thousand nine hundred & sixty one (12961). The fifth infantry and first cavalry beside several other bodies of troops are still to hear from which will swell the majority for the Constitution to a thousand (1000) majority or more2
2 When all of the votes had been counted the new constitution was ratified by a margin of less than four hundred votes. Maryland officially became a free state on November 1, 1864.
Henry W Hoffman
Document: William Hughes to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 1864
The Battle of Antietam
Mrs Wheeler the widow of the Rebel Capt. Wheeler, sister of Lieutenant Skinner, and niece of Col Ashby rebel Cavelry Va Stated that General McClellan sent a message to General Lee to get away across the River on Friday Night, that the other Generals were pushing him Genl McClellan on them1
1 As Lewis indicates below, General Marston had written on October 11 of the majorities for Lincoln that prevailed among soldiers in his brigade. See Gilman Marston to Hiram Rollins, October 11, 1864.
Washington, Oct 17, 1864
The inclosed note from Gen. Marston now on the field, shews the relative proportion of the Connecticut volunteers. The ballots are sent away inclosed in envelopes which are not broken and the precise numbers are not ascertained.
I have supposed that the information would afford you some satisfaction.
Your obt servt
Joseph J Lewis
[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]
J. J. Lewis -- about
Conn. & Ills-- votes.
Document: Solomon Meredith to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 1864
I feel much gratified that Your Excellency has indicated your willingness to accept a Hat from your humble servant
It will give me great pleasure to know that the Hat now sent fits properly, and is pleasing to you. With great respect and regard
I am Your Excellencys
very obedient Servant
Wm F Warburton
Philadelphia, Pa., October 17th 1864
Received of Wm F. Warburton
One Silk Hat in Wood Box
Marked His Excellency Abraham Lincoln
President of the United States Washington D C
Freight, Paid 75¢ For the Company, Dougherty
Document: Elihu B. Washburne to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1
1 Congressman Washburne’s fears to the contrary notwithstanding, Lincoln carried Illinois by over thirty thousand votes. As his endorsement indicates, Lincoln did not share Washburne’s pre-election fears for Illinois.
Oct. 17. 1864.
It is no use to deceive ourselves about this State.
We have no close, active, efficient organization. Everything is at sixes and sevens and no head or tail to anything.
3 Several states had enacted absentee voting laws that allowed their soldiers to vote in the field, however Illinois was not among them. Many, including Washburne, believed that the soldiers’ vote would be the determining factor in the 1864 elections.
Steps must be taken, instantly, to have every soldier home possible.
We shall lose 20.000 votes on our majority of 1860 in four northern Congressional districts.
The Copperheads are working with desperation.
If you would save our State from the most appalling calamity, pray do not neglect what I herein suggest about getting the soldiers home.-- We want them home not only on the election day, but several days before.
E B Washburne
[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]
Document: Norman Wiard to Abraham Lincoln, October 17, 18641
1 Wiard was proprietor of an ordnance works at Trenton, New Jersey.
2 State elections were held in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana on October 11, 1864.
3 Colonel John A. Elison served as chief quartermaster for the Department of Washington from August to October 1864.
4 Elihu B. Washburne
5 Daniel G. Thomas was the military storekeeper at Washington.
6 Colonel Edward D. Townsend was the assistant adjutant general of the army.
Document: [Abraham Lincoln?], Proclamation, October 18, 1864 [Draft in a Secretarial Hand]1
1 This proclamation doubtless originated in response to a protest Lincoln received on October 15, 1864 from Tennessee conservatives, complaining about the terms contained in Governor Johnson’s proclamation calling for an election for president and vice-president (see CollectedWorks, VIII, 58-72). But this draft may not have been drawn by the president himself, and was never issued as an actual proclamation by Abraham Lincoln. The endorsement on the verso of the final page of this document is in Hay’s hand, and reads “Projected Proclamation in regard to Tennessee.”
Washington, Oct. 18, 1864.
The people of Tennessee, in the year 1861, through the action of their corporate authorities, rose into armed insurrection against the United States and deliberately committed themselves to revolution. This proceeding was initiated by a dispatch received from the Governor of that State in the following words:--
April 17, 1861.
Hon Simon Cameron.
Secretary of War,
Your dispatch of the 15th inst. informing me that Tennesee is called upon for two regiments of Militia for immediate service is received.
Tennesee will not furnish a single man for coercion, but fifty thousand if necessary for the defence of our rights, and those of our Southern Brethren
(sd) Isham G Harris.
The People of Tennesee have hitherto neglected to comply with the proclamations by which they have been invited to return to their allegiance and resume their constitutional functions in the Union. They still allow pretended Agents to represent them in the revolutionary assemblies held at Richmond. Owing to this condition of affairs the State has been occupied by the military forces of the United States, and the essential powers of municipal administration have been confided by this Government to Andrew Johnson as Military Governor of the aforesaid State. Some of the citizens of that State now manifest a desire to hold elections for the offices of President and Vice President of the United States, although it is manifest that such elections could only be conducted through the superintendence of the military authorities.
3 Francis J. Herron had recently been given leave as commander of the District of Baton Rouge and Port Hudson and ordered to inspect the situation in Arkansas. See Official Records, Series I, Volume 41, Part III, 629-30.
Fortune may favor us by a rise in the Arkansas
I hardly think Price will venture this particular way in returning, as he must apprehend our getting reinforcements readily.
Conjectures amount to but little. The important thing is to have men enough in hand, and ready to strike and to march. I hope something will occur in our favor that is more than common place.
We have had two weeks of delightful weather, which is being taken advantage of by the troops at this place, in making earth works and building comfortable quarters.
I had the pleasure the other day of voting for you, the commissioners from Minnesota having been here.4
4 Minnesota was one of several states that had enacted absentee voting laws which allowed soldiers to vote in the field.
I pray to God you may be re-elected by an overwhelming majority so that the enemies of the country may be confounded.
C. C. Andrews.
Document: Simon Cameron to Abraham Lincoln, October 18, 1864