Document: Cuthbert Bullitt to Abraham Lincoln, September 17, 1864

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Abraham Lincoln Papers


Document: Cuthbert Bullitt to Abraham Lincoln, September 17, 1864

Head Quarters Pioneer

Lincoln Club La

New Orleans Septr 17th 64

Dear Sir

I beg Respectfully to Call your attention to a copy of a letter & report from J Randall Terry City Register1 in regard to the recent vote polled by the employées of the Custom House under the immediate control of the Collector G S Denison Esqre2

1 See J. Randall Terry to Bullitt, September 16, 1864.

2 Bullitt, Michael Hahn and other Lincoln supporters in Louisiana sought the removal of office holders whom they believed were not complete supporters of Lincoln’s reconstruction policy. George S. Denison and other Treasury Department officials were particular targets due to their loyalty to former Treasury Secretary Chase and because they held lucrative positions. For more on this subject, see Bullitt to Lincoln, September 12, 1864; Michael Hahn to Lincoln, September 24, 1864 and November 11, 1864; and George S. Denison to Lincoln, September 28, 1864.

I have the honor to be

Your Obt Sevt

Cuthbert Bullitt

President P L Club


Document: Jacob Mulford to Abraham Lincoln, September 17, 1864

Office No 10 Second St

Camden N--J-- Sept 17-- 64

My Dear Sir--

On the 1st Inst I addressed you a communication in reference to the present political campaign, and not hearing from you I have resolved to write again-- The following is a copy of the letter

“Office No 10 Second St

Camden N. J. Sep 1-- 64

To His Excellency Abraham Lincoln

Prest of United States of America

Respected Sir--

I take the liberty of addressing you in reference to the forthcoming political campaign-- As one of your most ardent admirers and supporters of your Administration I unite with all your friends that your re-election may be entirely successful; and with the view of aiding to that end I desire now to offer you whatever services I may be able to afford-- If, in accordance with your wishes I will canvass any State you may assign to me, & endeavor by public orations to aid you and the Administration-- All that I solicit in return is the payment of expenses-- I am a member of the Union League of America & a Lawyer by profession-- Trusting that you will consider this matter & favor me with an early reply, I remain with considerations of regard”--

Your Obeidt Servt

Jacob Mulford

I am anxious to promote and advance the Union Cause and your re-election, and for that purpose I again renew my desires as expressed in the above letter-- If desirable to you and by your request I will visit Washington & have an interview with you concerning this matter-- I would thank you for a reply at your earliest convenience--

I am

Your Obeidt Servt

Jacob Mulford

[Endorsed by John Hay:]


Prev. letter sent to Nat Union Com

Sept 20 64

Document: A. Penfield to Abraham Lincoln, September 17, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1

1 There is no evidence that Lincoln acted further on this scheme other than to endorse this letter.

Washington Sep 17. 1864


The following paper is submitted -- most respectfully--

Proposition -- Military & Financial--

1st. To have Genl Sherman extend his line from Atalanta to Mobile or Pensacola or if he can to Savannah river to include all of Georgia-- Then all the Country to the West of such line would embrace the most of the Cotton region.

2d. Financial -- Let things be so shaped as to have perfect military protection and security given to this cotton region while it is cultivated in cotton next season so as to produce 3,000,000 Bales at 50¢ gold price per lb

is $200 -- pr Bale $600 000 000

2/3ds of which can be exported -- 400.000 000

The natural effect will be to lower Exchange to or below par -- giving a tide of gold flowing from Europe to the U. States--

A further result -- Specie Payments -- without the stringency of curtailment of the paper circulation, always producing such great Pecuniary disturbance.

Admitting the price should fall considerably below 50¢ a lb the same general results will prevail-- So large an amount of value of Exports in addition to our present volume cannot but produce these great beneficial and financial results

1850. Number of Plantations which raised

5 Bales and over-- 1860. Number of Bales

Alabama 16.100 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 997.978

Arkansas 2 175 367.485

Georgia 14.578 701.840

Louisiana 4.205 722 218

Mississippi 15 110 1.195.699

Tennessee 4.043 227.450

Texas 2.262 405 100

N Carolina 2.827 Bales 4.617.770 145.514

S. C. 11.522 353.410

All States &}

Territories }-- 5.198.077-Bales

A. Penfield

[Endorsed by Lincoln:]

Thos Evans -- A. Penfield.


Document: Abraham Lincoln, Memorandum on the Draft [September 19, 1864]1

1 Lincoln was contemplating a request from Governor Morton and others in Indiana to postpone the upcoming September draft call and to procure the furloughs of Indiana soldiers that they might return home and vote. Without these measures the outcome of the October vote in Indiana was considered extremely doubtful. The following is Lincoln’s consideration of General Sherman’s response to any possibility of delaying the draft. See Collected Works, VIII, 11-12.

A despatch of Gen. Sherman, dated Sep. 17, 1864 among other things, says

“The Secretary of War tells me the draft will be made on Monday next, If the President modifies it to the extent of one man, or waivers in it’s execution he is gone ever. The Army would vote against him”

Document: John M. Forbes to Francis P. Blair Sr., September 18, 1864

Naushon Island Sep 18th 1864

My Dear Sir

I telegraphed Mr Wm Cullen Bryant from Washington on Friday but he was not in the city either that day or yesterday and so I missed him, but I have no sort of doubt he will be with us and I give you enclosed a cutting from his Fridays paper which accords entirely with our views--

I spent yesterday in seeing various friends in New York & discussing the best mode of bringing out our idea & finally left for home with an understanding that a letter should be written as originally intended instead of calling a public meeting & inviting the President to express his views upon that occasion, as was suggested by some.

I regretted to find that some prominent men of the old Democratic line, who were on the fence a week ago have jumped down on the wrong side, Brady1 & John Van Buren2 among them -- : The rich men too and the young men of fashion -- the “Jeanesse doré” as Carlyle calls them are going for McLlellan3 more generally than I like--

1 James T. Brady, a New York lawyer and Democratic politician, had run for governor in 1860 on the Breckinridge ticket.

2 John Van Buren, the son of Martin Van Buren, followed in his father’s footsteps and became active in New York politics. The younger Van Buren was an outspoken critic of the Lincoln Administration and he stumped for McClellan in 1864.

3 General George B. McClellan had received the Democratic presidential nomination.

I can understand how boys aping Arisotocracy can be misled but how men of property can see the currency & the Bonds left at the mercy of a Peace party is totally incomprehensible -- even putting patriotism & self respect out of sight.

It is however all the more important to face the situation & to meet it by bringing into prominence the great Issue -- Democratic Institutions against Aristocratic ones--

Mr Lincoln must not depend upon the rich or Aristocratic classes -- nor upon the city poeple --; He must appeal to the hard handed poeple of the Country upon a plain square Issue, which they can understand -- and there is no time to be lost --; We ought to have a year ago, but it is not too late---- One election campaign like this with our Sons & Brothers in the battle field counts for ten Common years--

On the other side the Aristocratic party have an immense bribe held out to them in the control of the Government for four years and the oppertunity it would give them to change our form of Government into a permanent Oligarchy--:

With this glittering prize ahead nothing that money can do will be wanting to defeat us--

With such men as Belmont,4 Sherman, Corning5 and a host of other milllionaires against us you can see how easy it would be to get a corruption fund of ten or twenty million Greenbacks put up by parties who in case of success would gather five times the amount out of the public chest--

4 August Belmont

5 Erastus Corning

Who can doubt that the British aristocracy who have been building Alabamas6 & blockade runners -- and Louis Napolean with his Mexican Elephant7 on his hands will contribute or that Jeffn Davis who pays no home debts will send a few cargoes of cotton to fight his battle at the Polls--?

6 The Alabama was a commerce raider that the Confederates were able to purchase from the British in May 1862. The Alabama was responsible for destroying or capturing nearly seventy ships before she was sunk in June 1864. After the war, Great Britain paid over $15 million in compensation to the United States for damages done by the Confederate commerce raiders that were built in Britain.

7 Louis Napoleon had sent an army to Mexico in order to support the fortunes of Prince Maximilian of Austria. With
the aid of French soldiers, the republican government of Benito Juarez was deposed in 1863 and Maximilian was installed as the emperor of Mexico in 1864. The United States made repeated demands to Napoleon for the withdrawal of the French army, but troops remained in Mexico until 1866.

New York is crowded with Secesh who will vote and pay for McLellans Election

We must meet this array by the simple and sure flank movement of invoking the popular element -- appealing to the plain poeple against the Plantation and Bank paper Aristocracy--

If we can do this successfully we can laugh at our enemies North & South and we will found a Nation based upon true Democracy instead of the mere Confederacy which these poeple pretend that we have been and are--

I enclose a copy of an article which I wrote two years ago upon Emancipation regarding it from a conservative point of view & which has some of our present ideas in it

We have now a far bigger Issue than the mere Emancipation of the Negro but really including it -- the success of free Institutions for our own Country and for all the world--

Very Truly Yours

J. M. Forbes

Should you have occasion to write me -- a line addressed to Boston -- will find me there or be forwarded here--

J. M. F.

Document: Mary L. Loomis to Abraham Lincoln, September 18, 1864

Milwaukie Sept 18th/64

My Dear Sir

I am a perfect Stranger to you, but as in this Era of events, people are expected to withstand all shocks; I venture to address you, trusting in your native goodness to pardon the intrusion. Of course you are to day, singing a Te-Deum or Gloria Excelsis for the success of Sherman! As a true loyal woman I also exult inexpressibly. I hope Sir while you are President, You will have the pride, and satisfaction, of seeing our beautiful Flag waving in its glory all over our broad Land! If there is any virtue in unfaltering faith, unceasing labor, and Christian indignation, we are secure. How sublime the Picture of the Contrabands untutored eloquence of importunity, for Massa Lincoln! and the Union! Oh if we are doomed for defeat, and humiliations, I can only say for one; that from the Himalaya heights of Prayer I shall feel Infidel indeed: as though I could adopt the wicked advice of the Wife of Job which was no doubt the expression of most insane distress.

I suppose Sir that you are acquainted with some of my friends-- My only brother Henry W. Lord you appointed Consul to Manchester Eng. Maj. Gen. H. G. Wright is a Cousin, also Gen. O. B. Willcox and I am proud to be within so much of their glory.

If it is agreeable to your wishes and convenience, I should be most happy to receive your Autograph, fresh from your Destinguished hand. I will preserve it with great satisfaction, and care, and teach my children to “Call it blessed”

Yours with high esteem.

Mrs. Mary Lord Loomis


Care of the American


Document: William T. Sherman to Abraham Lincoln, September 17, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1

1 Lincoln had telegraphed Sherman earlier in the day and expressed an interest in a dispatch Sherman had sent to General Halleck that mentioned the possibility of a meeting between Sherman, Governor Joseph Brown and Alexander H. Stephens. See Collected Works, VIII, 9 and Official Records, Series I, Volume 39, Part II, 381.

Recd in cipher.

1220 A M 18th

Atlanta Ga

6 P M Sept 17” 1864

I will keep the Department fully advised of all developments as connected with the subject in which you feel so interested-- A Mr Wright,2 former member of Congress from Rome Ga and a Mr King3 of Marietta are now going between Gov Brown4 and myself-- I have said that some of the people of Georgia are now engaged in rebellion began in error and perpetrated in pride; but that Georgia can now save herself form the devastation of War preparing for her only by withdrawing her quota out of the Confederate Army, and aiding me to repel Hood from the border of the State; in which event instead of desolating the land, as we progress I will keep our men to the high roads and commons, and pay for the corn and meat we need and take-- I am fully conscious of the delicate nature of such assertions, but it would be a magnificent stroke of policy, if I could without wasting a foot of ground or of principle arouse the latent enmity to Jeff Davis, of Georgia--

2 Augustus R. Wright, a Georgia politician and lawyer, had served a single term in the U. S. House (1857-59) as a Democrat. Though Wright had opposed secession, he served in the Confederate Congress and raised troops for the rebellion. Wright met with Lincoln in 1864 to discuss reconstruction in Georgia. According to Wright, Lincoln intended to appoint him the provisional governor of Georgia, but was assassinated before the appointment could be made. See Official Records, Series I, Volume 39, Part III, 412 and William C. Harris, With Charity For All: Lincoln and the Restoration of the Union (Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1997), 160.

3 William King

4 Joseph Brown, the governor of Georgia, often found himself at odds with Jefferson Davis and had recently withdrawn the Georgia militia from General Hood’s army.

The people do not hesitate to say, that Mr Stevens5 was, and is, a Union man at heart, and they feel that Jeff Davis will not trust him, or let him have a share in his Government6

5 Alexander H. Stephens

6 The prospective meeting between Sherman, Governor Brown and Vice President Stephens did not take place. Georgia did not withdraw from Confederacy and as a consequence, Sherman did not instruct his soldiers to remain on the “high roads and commons” as they marched through the state.

W. T. Sherman

Maj Genl

[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]

Gen-- Sherman--

Document: Elihu B. Washburne, Receipt, September 18, 1864

Received, Washington Sept 18th 1864 of Jno. G. Nicolay, two hundred and fifty dollars being the amount paid by Hon. Edward Bates for the distribution of documents &c1

1 The Executive Congressional Committee of the Union Party had passed a resolution on August 26 that ordered each member of the cabinet to contribute $250 to help defray the cost of distributing political campaign documents. Bates had given his check for $250 to John G. Nicolay on September 16. See Bates to Nicolay, September 16, 1864.

E B Washburne

for Committee

Document: Thurlow Weed to William H. Seward, September 18, [1864]

[Endorsed by William H. Seward: The President]

Astor House

Sept 18.

Dear Seward,

Sherman1 was out of the City yesterday. I will see him to-morrow.

1 Isaac Sherman was a prominent New York Republican.

The Democrats had a formidable Turn-out here last night. It is the first time that they really acted like working.

Our Secretary of State is alarmed about the Soldiers Vote. The Law is loosely drawn, and he says that they can, with Democratic Inspectors here, work in any number of Fraudulent Votes. This must be looked to, and yet it may be irremediable.

Curtin2 is here. I aim to talk with him to-day. He is said to be luke-warm. [Hooper?],3 who was sour a week ago, is right now. He was at Breakfast with me this morning.

2 Andrew G. Curtin

3 This could be a reference to Congressman Samuel Hooper of Massachusetts.

Raymond4 says that Mr Lincoln is refusing to avail himself of an element of strength. This, if it be needed, is not wise.

4 Henry J. Raymond

If all is well without it, then let it go-- But I would hold the power until after the October Elections.

I had Draper and Wakeman5 pleasantly together yesterday.

5 Simeon Draper and Abram Wakeman

Holly’s Appointment is quite popular.

T-- W

Document: Abraham Lincoln to John C. Ten Eyck, September 19, 1864 [Copy]1

1 With the assistance of New Jersey Senator Ten Eyck, Lincoln was able to secure an appointment for Freese as commissioner of enrollment for New Jersey’s Second Congressional District. See Collected Works, VIII, 25-26.

Executive Mansion,

Washington, Sep. 19, 1864.

My dear Sir.

Dr. J. R. Freese, now editor of a leading Union Journal in New-Jersey, resided, for a time, in Illinois, when & where I made his acquaintance, and since when I have enjoyed much of his friendship. He is somewhat wounded with me now, that I do not recognize him as he thinks I ought. I wish to appoint him a Provost-Marshal in your State-- May I have your approval?

Yours truly

A. Lincoln

[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]

Senator Ten Eyck.

Document: Abraham Lincoln to Isachar Zacharie, September 19, 1864 [Copy]1

1 Zacharie replied to Lincoln on September 21, 1864 (q. v.), in a letter which is as cryptic as the following one.

Executive Mansion,

Washington, Sep. 19, 1864.

Dear Sir

I thank you again for the deep interest you have constantly taken in the Union cause. The personal matter on behalf of your friend, which you mention, shall be fully and fairly considered when presented.

Yours truly

A. Lincoln.

[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]

Dr. Zacharie

Document: Abraham Lincoln to William T. Sherman, September 19, 1864 [Copy in John G. Nicolay’s Hand]1

1 Lincoln was contemplating a request from Governor Morton and others in Indiana to postpone the upcoming September draft call and to procure the furloughs of Indiana soldiers that they might return home and vote. Without these measures the outcome of the October vote in Indiana was considered extremely doubtful. General Sherman had earlier responded very negatively to any possibility of delaying the draft, however several thousand soldiers were allowed to return to Indiana to vote. See Abraham Lincoln, Memorandum on the Draft [September 19, 1864] and Collected Works, VIII, 11-12.

Executive Mansion,

Washington, D. C.

September 19th, 1864.

Major General Sherman

The State election of Indiana occurs on the 11th of October, and the loss of it to the friends of the Government would go far towards losing the whole Union cause. The bad effect upon the November election, and especially the giving the State Government to those who will oppose the war in every possible way, are too much to risk, if it can possibly be avoided. The draft proceeds, notwithstanding its strong tendency to lose us the State. Indiana is the only important State, voting in October, whose soldiers cannot vote in the field. Any thing you can safely do to let her soldiers, or any part of them, go home and vote at the State election, will be greatly in point. They need not remain for the Presidential election, but may return to you at once. This is, in no sense, an order, but is merely intended to impress you with the importance, to the army itself, of your doing all you safely can, yourself being the judge of what you can safely do.

Yours truly

A. Lincoln2

2 The closing and signature are by Lincoln.

[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]

Gen. Sherman.

Sep. 19. 1864.


Document: Joseph Howard Jr. to Abraham Lincoln, September 19, 18641

1 Howard and Francis Mallison had been imprisoned in May 1864 for orchestrating a hoax that resulted in the publication of a fraudulent presidential proclamation by two New York newspapers. See Sydney H. Gay, et al. to Lincoln, May 19, 1864 and Collected Works, VII, 347-49.

Brooklyn Sept 19th 1864


I have once intruded upon your cares to thank you for your kindness in granting an order for my release from the inhospitable retreat at Fort Lafayette & to assure you of my sincere regret at my folly & its consequences;2 permit me to call your attention to the case once more in behalf of the young man who was placed there at the same time as myself, but who was not included in the order for release.

2 Lincoln had ordered Howard’s release on August 23. See Collected Works, VII, 512.

Mr Beecher & Genl. Dix3 have written you (or telegraphed) concerning him, suggesting the propriety of releasing Mr Mallison, who was comparatively subordinate in the affair.

3 Henry Ward Beecher and John A. Dix

I regret to say that certain “Democratic” stumpers are making a handle of his continued confinement, taking the absurd ground that he is held on account of his Democratic affiliations.

Mr Mallison has an aged Mother dependent upon him, was no deeper, (nor so deep), in the foolishness for which we were sent to the Fort than I, and has felt very keenly his position & its consequences. May I not, with all respect urge you to direct his immediate discharge on the grounds as above set forth?4

4 Lincoln ordered Mallison’s release on September 20. See Collected Works, VIII, 13.

Believing that such an order would be productive of no harm to the State, would silence opposition talk, would gratify many of your personal & political friends, & be also just,

I remain

With gratitude

& esteem

Yours Sincerely

J. Howard Jr

Document: Timothy O. Howe to Abraham Lincoln, September 19, 1864

Green Bay. Sept. 19, 1864

Mr. President. I think I was “unnecessarily frightened” by Genl Butler’s1 letter--2 I hear a good deal of regret expressed but no threats from your friends. I think now you will carry Vermont & Wisconsin & the Union-- Still if you can give liberty to our Captive Soldiers simply by liberating an equal number of rebels, I believe it will be hailed as an act of wise humanity which will bring upon your head more benedictions than has ever yet fallen upon it--

1 Benjamin F. Butler

2 Howe had written a rather pessimistic letter to Lincoln on September 11 in which he lamented the failure to exchange prisoners of war. Howe feared this may prove very damaging to the Republicans in the upcoming election. Howe’s September 11 letter is in this collection.

Very Sincerely Yrs,

T. O. Howe

Document: Franz Sigel to John G. Nicolay, September 19, 1864

The following Telegram received at Washington, 4.15 P M. Sept 19 1864.

From Bethlehem Pa Sept 19 1864.

Your dispatch rec’d today. I will leave for Washington tomorrow morning the twentieth1

1 Lincoln had sent Sigel a telegram on September 16 that granted him permission to visit Washington. Sigel was puzzled by Lincoln’s dispatch because he had not made a request for permission to visit the city. Sigel wrote to Lincoln and inquired whether the president wanted him to come to Washington. Nicolay apparently informed Sigel that Lincoln did indeed require his presence. See Collected Works, VIII, 8 and Sigel to Lincoln, September 16, 1864.

F Sigel

Maj Genl

Document: H. Walker Zentz to Abraham Lincoln, September 19, 1864

Barrancas. Florida.

Sept 19th 1864.

Honored Sir

Pardon the liberty I take in addressing you, if in doing so I transcend the bounds of propriety, or my duties as a Soldier, but laboring under the impression that we in our spheres as soldiers, do not throw off, or lose our rights, privileges, and interests as citizens, has led me to address you on the following subjects, and at the same time ask your advice and instruction in regard to the same.

I would respectfully state, that on the 8th day of May last, myself with two or three others inaugurated a club of the Union League, in this District. We received our “Instructions” from the “Mother Club” of the Union League in New Orleans, and framed our Constitution and Bylaws with but few exceptions, like unto theirs. Since that time we have grown rapidly, and now claim among our numbers, the principal Military Officers, and Citizens of the District.

I am happy to state that our influence is felt, and acknowledged here, and extends to a great degree without the lines. Many of us who are in the Army contemplate settling here in the future, and consequently we are eager to see Florida soon placed free and regenerated, in the glorious Sisterhood of States.

We wish to start right so that when she returns, nought will be left to be undone, but her position be positive, true and right. We can now safely claim a Union vote here of at least two thousand, and other points without we hope to be able to protect before November.

The people here are anxious to vote at the Presidential Election, and we feel it our duty to make some exertions to give them the desired privilege. Our Club, true is secret, therein being different from the Union League at the North, but we found it to be a matter of necessity, here in order to prevent secessionists spies &c from working themselves in, and after finding out our intentions, to do no harm. Our doctrines are Unconditional devotion to the Union, right or wrong. The Eternal Unity of our Government People and Nation. Prompt and determined support of the Confiscation Act, Emancipation Act, Proclamation, &c as well as all other Laws and Measures as put forth by Congress, the Supreme Court and the Executive for the purpose of putting down the existing Rebellion; in short we are molding the Union sentiments of the people, and we believe in the right way; Now we are anxious to have a voice in the coming Election. We wish to vote for Lincoln and Johnson; If Military Affairs were urged a little more here, we would have nearly all Florida, and we know from, the various sources we have here of learning the feelings of the people, that they are willing, and anxious to lay down their arms and return to the good Old Union. The Refugees who come in here, are all eager to join us, and I feel confident in saying, that they will vote on the right side; their hatred towards Jeff Davis and his “Shamfederacy” has grown bitter, and deep. Many more are without eager to enlist, and accept of the Proclamation of Pardon as issued by your Excellency, others are kept in ignorance, and do not know that such a proclamation has been issued.

We hope that a door will be opened here soon for the people of this state, at present every thing appears to be “blocked” in this District; nevertheless we will continue to work; hoping in the mean time that light will break forth soon, and the Union be fully restored, better, greater, and more glorious than before,

I would then respectfully ask you, if in your judgment you should deem it wise and expedient, to grant us the privilege, and send us the necessary instructions and advice in regard to holding an Election, in this state in November.

Hoping that I may have the pleasure of receiving an answer to the foregoing imperfect and broken requests1

1 No reply from Lincoln has been located. Lincoln had sent John Hay to Florida in January 1864 and instructed him to register the requisite number of citizens that would make Florida eligible to form a loyal state government according to the requirements of Lincoln’s December 8, 1863 Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. Hay’s mission was a failure and Florida was not readmitted to the Union until after the war ended. See Lincoln to Quincy A. Gillmore, January 13, 1864 and Gillmore to Lincoln, January 21, 30, 1864.

I have the honor to subscribe myself

Very Respectfully

Your most Obt Servt.

Lt H. Walker. Zentz.

86th Regt U. S. Colored. Inf

Barrancas Florida

By order of the Union League Gen. Ex. Committee


Lt H. Walker. Zentz -- President and Corg Secy.

Lt Col. G E [Garrington?] Pres. Central Club

F G Howard Esq -- Vice. Pres “ “

Capt E. D. [Strunk?].

Capt. P. Monroe

Geo Legallais Esqr

Geo Howard Esqr.


Document: James W. White to Abraham Lincoln, September 19, 18641

1 White was a justice of the New York City Superior Court. His wife Rhoda was one of Mrs. Lincoln’s closest friends.

Sept. 19. 1864

Dear Sir,

A friend has just told me: that arrangements are made and that Mr. Chase2 will speak at a great mass meeting at Cincinnatti on next Saturday -- and again at Indianapolis next week--

2 Salmon P. Chase, the former treasury secretary, did make speeches for the Union Party during the 1864 campaign. The arrangement of these speaking engagements was another positive sign that the radicals were coalescing behind Lincoln.

Every thing seems to be going right-- I am, Sir,

With much respect

your friend & servant

James W. White

Document: Francis W. Kellogg to Abraham Lincoln, September 20, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1

1 Kellogg served in the House of Representatives from Michigan. He also raised three regiments for the Union Army in his state. Though he was correct in believing that the post of secretary of the interior would soon be vacant, he was doubtless disappointed when Lincoln filled it with James Harlan of Iowa.

Washington City Sept 20th 1864


I beg leave to recommend Hon J M Edmunds Com, of the Gen’l Land Office for Sec’y of the Interior as I learn that office will be vacant soon--2

2 For the resignation of John P. Usher as secretary of the interior, see Usher to Lincoln, March 8, 1865.

I recommend him -- 1st Because of his great ability, modest & retiring in manner -- few are aware of his superiority as a Statesman to those around him 2d As Pres’t of the National Union League he has done immense service to the country the past year -- and wields a powerful influence now 3d Believing your re nomination necessary to the salvation of the Union & personally attached he did more -- thro’ the body he controls to concentrate public opinion & insure harmony of action at Baltimore than any man in the Union

4th He is a wise counsellor a sagacious & far-seeing man and withal a devoted friend of yours and of the policy of your Administration having always been so--

5th I have reason to believe that nearly every Senator & Representative not anxious to have some friend app’ted would be glad to see him a member of your Cabinet

6th When inaugurated next March you re nominate the old or select a new Cabinet & if you find Judge Edmunds is not what his friends believe him to be he need not remain

I speak in behalf of the whole Mich Delegation & respectfully request you to give this your consideration

I have the honor to be

Your Obt Ser’t

F W Kellogg

[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]



Document: George G. Meade to Abraham Lincoln, September 20, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1

1 Lincoln had telegraphed General Meade and ordered him to suspend the execution of Peter Gilner. See Collected Works, VIII, 12.

The following Telegram received at Washington, 9.30 P. M. September 20th 1864.

From Head Quarters Army of the Potomac -- 20th 1864.

Your dispatch relative to Peter Gelner sixty second (62d) Pennsylvania received-- He is not now in this Army-- His sentence was commuted by me to confinement at Dry Tortugas under your order-- Respecting desertion all the particulars in the case are fully stated in my letter to the Adjt General written a few days ago--

G. G. Meade.

Major General.

[Endorsed on Envelope by Lincoln:]

Gen-- Meade.


Document: Joshua Leavitt and George B. Bacon to Abraham Lincoln, September 20, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1

1 The General Association of New York was a Congregationalist entity. Its chairman, Rev. J.P. Thompson, was also president of the American Union Commission, an organization dedicated to the relief of the inhabitants of war-ravaged areas of the country.

At the annual meeting of the General Association of New York, held in Jersey City New Jersey, September 20th 1864, the following resolutions reported from the committee on the State of the Country through Rev. J. P. Thompson D. D., its chairman, were unanimously adopted by a standing vote: and it was ordered that Rev. J. P. Thompson D. D., of New York, and Rev. W. I. Budington D. D., of Brooklyn be requested to present to the President of the United States a certified copy of the same.--

Joshua Leavitt


George B. Bacon,



1. Resolved: that the signal victories which have crowned our arms, following so close upon a season of darkness and humiliation, call for fervent gratitude to Almighty God, who hath regarded the confessions and supplications of his people, and in the midst of righteous judgments hath remembered mercy.

2. Resolved: that amid the rejoicings of victory which kindle our devotions and give tone to our praises, still having in remembrance the sins that have brought upon the nation the sufferings and the sorrows of war, -- we will not cease to watch and to labor against the reviving of these iniquities with the prospect of peace, and will pray that this overflowing scourge may sweep them utterly away.

3. Resolved: that as the momentous issues of this long and deadly contest are approaching their solution in a combined struggle upon the field and at the polls, we will sustain with our votes the brave and noble men who are defending our liberties with their lives, and will animate our fellow citizens, by every consideration of religious hope and duty, of devotion to country and to liberty, to make the decision of the people on the 8th of November next, final and fatal to the hopes of traitors in arms and of conspirators in political council.

4. Resolved: that our hope for the preservation of our liberties as a nation, and for the complete emancipation of the African race in the South, depends, under God, upon sustaining the Government in upholding the integrity of the Union, through all the trials and doubts and disasters of the war, and in that policy which looks to “the abandonment of slavery” as the condition of permanent Union and Peace.

5. Resolved: that while we solemnly pledge ourselves before God, to fill up, in our measure, that which is believed of suffering and of sacrifice for the redemption of the nation, and with unfaltering purpose to sustain the Government in subjugating the Rebellion, we will pray day by day for the coming of a peace untarnished by concession to treason or by compromise with wrong, and established in justice, in liberty, and in unity forever.--

(signed) Jos. P. Thompson,

Ray Palmer,

Richard Osborn,

David Heustis,

Thaddeus I. Hoyt,

L. Smith Hobart,

H. M. Dixon,


I certify that the above is a true copy,

George B. Bacon,


[Endorsed by Lincoln:]

Joshua Leavitt.

Document: Anthony A. C. Rogers to Abraham Lincoln, September 20, 18641

1 Rogers, an Arkansas Unionist, had been elected to the U. S. House in March but was not allowed to take his seat. After being denied his seat, Rogers moved to Chicago and pursued various business ventures. He returned to Arkansas in 1868 and was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-first Congress (1869-71).

Chicago Ills

Sept 20. 1864

My Dear Sir

A communication appeared in the “Tribune” of this city in its issue of the 14 Inst very abusive of Gen’l Steele2 and the people of Arkansas generally, & upon calling upon the Editor Mr Medill3 for the reason of the author he not only refused to give it but indulged in insinuations offensive not only to Gen’l Steele but to yourself from which I am led to believe that an undue effort is being made to have Gen’l Steele removed from his present field of operation, and another appointed in his stead, and I write to ask you to stand firm in our defence as you have done heretofore-- Gen’l Steele is a good and true man, a patriot, & your friend. He has done much to bring back the feelings of the people to the Govt & ought not to be removed, indeed we should regard his removal & the appointment to his “place” of a wild radical Fanatic, as the greatest calamity that could befall the people of that down trodden & bleeding state. Tis said that Ark’ is one of your pets and I hope you will regard her as such-- The Loyal people of the state regard you as their friend, & look to you as such, for protection. Will you afford it? I believe you will. There is in our party, as you know, a wild extra radical sch: headed by old Ben Wade,4 & others, who if left alone would ruin every thing -- they would even take ground against you if it were not for the general uprising of the people every where in your behalf. I say this dont yield, stand firm, the people every where are your friends, & know that you are their friend

2 Frederick Steele

3 Joseph Medill

4 Benjamin F. Wade

I shall make two or three speeches in this state in favor of your re-election & then proceed home, and see if any thing can be done there in getting up a Ticket & a vote for you in Nov. A resolution of Congress precludes us, but we intend to have a full Electoral Ticket for you, and a respectable vote under the circumstances; and if necessary to your Election we intend to carry the matter to the proper tribunal for settlement.

I hope to be able to

Directory: mss -> mal -> maltext -> rtf orig
rtf orig -> Document: Ohio and Illinois General Assemblies, Resolutions for Gradual Emancipation of Slaves, 1824 and 1825
rtf orig -> Document: Alexander K. McClure to Abraham Lincoln, June 30, 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Thomas Corwin to Abraham Lincoln, September 6, 1864
rtf orig -> Document: Harriet Chapman to Abraham Lincoln, January 17, 1865
rtf orig -> Document: Mary C. W. Wadsworth to Abraham Lincoln, July 4, 1864 [With Endorsement by Lincoln]
rtf orig -> Document: Isachar Zacharie to Abraham Lincoln, April 25, 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Abraham Lincoln to Mary Mann, April 5, 1864 [Draft]
rtf orig -> Document: Edwin M. Stanton to Abraham Lincoln, November 18, 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Jesse K. Dubois and Ozias M. Hatch to Abraham Lincoln, September 16, 1863 Springfield Sept 16. 1863
rtf orig -> Document: Joseph Butler to Abraham Lincoln, January 10, 1861

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