Document Based Questions From 1973 to the present



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Document Based Questions


From 1973 to the present

1630 -60: Puritan Ideas and 2010 In what ways did ideas and values held by the Puritans influence the political, economic, and

Values social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660’s?

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1700: Colonial Life: New 1993 Although New England and the Chesapeake regions were both settled by people of English origin,

England and Chesapeake Regions by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did these developments occur?
1750: American Society in 1976 Was American society, as evidenced by Wethersfield, Connecticut, becoming more “democratic”

mid – 18th century in the period from 1750’s to the 1770’s’s? Discuss with reference to property distribution,

________________________________________ social structure, politics and religion.______________________________________________
1740 –1766: French and 2004 In what ways did the French and Indian War alter the political, economic, and

Indian War ideological relations between Britain and the American colonies?_________________________

1760 –1776 : Pre 1999 To what extent had the colonists developed a sense of their identity and unity



Revolutionary Identity as Americans by the eve of the Revolution?_________________________________________
1770 –1861: Women 2006 Discuss the changing ideals of American womanhood between the American Revolution

(1770’s) and the outbreak of the Civil War. What factors fostered the emergence of

“republican motherhood” and the cult of domesticity”? Assess the extent to which these

ideals influenced the lives of women during this period. Be sure to consider the issues of



race and class.________________________________________________________________
1775-1800: American Society 2005 To what extent did the American Revolution fundamentally change American

society? In your answer, be sure to address the political, social, and



economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775- 1800.________________________

From 1775 to 1830, many African Americans gained freedom from slavery, yet during the

1775 – 1830: Slavery and Freedmen 2009 same period the institution of slavery expanded. Explain why BOTH of those changes took

place. Analyze the ways that BOTH free African Americans and enslaved African Americans responded to the challenges confronting them.



______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
1780’s: Articles of 1985 From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided the United States

Confederation with an effective government. Evaluate this statement. _______________________________

1798: Alien and Sedition Acts 1977 The debate over the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 revealed bitter controversies on a



number of issues. Discuss the issues involved and why these controversies developed._______
1800’s: Jeffersonians and 1998 With respect to the federal Constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized

strict constructtionalism as strict constructionalists who were opposed to the broad constructionalism of the Federalists.

To what extent was this characterization of the two parties accurate during the presidencies of

Jefferson and Madison?________________________________________________________

1830’s Indian Removal 1980 The decision of the Jackson administration to remove the Cherokee Indians to lands west of

the Mississippi River in the 1830’s was more of a reformulation of the national policy that

had been in effect since the 1790’s,than a change in that policy. Assess the validity of this

this generalization with reference to the moral, political, Constitutional, and practical concerns

that shaped the national Indian policy between 1789 and the mid- 1830’s.________________
1830’s: Jacksonian Democray 1990 Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the United States Constitution

political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of economic opportunity. In light of the

following documents and your knowledge of the 1820’s and 1830’s, to what extent do you

agree with the Jacksonian’s view of themselves?__________________________________
1830’s: Reform Movement 2002 Reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals. Assess

the validity of this statement with specific reference to the years 1825 – 1850.__________
1850’s: The Constitution and 1987 By the 1850’s the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity,

Sectionalism had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the

failure of the Union it had created. For the time period 1850 – 1861, assess the validity of

this statement.____________________________________________________________
1859: John Brown’s Raid 1982 John Brown’s raid on the arsenal armory at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, in October 1859,

involved only a handful of abolitionists , freed no slaves, and was over in two days.

Although many Northerners condemned the raid, by 1863 John Brown had become a

martyr and a hero in the North. To what extent and in what ways do the views about John Brown expressed in the documents illustrate changing North – South relations between

1859 and 1863?
1861: Crittenden Compromise 1974 To what extent was President –elect Abraham Lincoln responsible for the defeat of the

______________________________________________________Crittenden proposal on the territorial expansion of slavery?_________________________


1860 – 1877 Social 1996 In what ways and to what extent did constitutional and social development amount to a

Development____________________________________________revolution in 1860 –1877?__________________________________________________

1870’s: Trans – Mississippi 1992 To what extent did the natural environment shape the development of the West beyond

the Mississippi and the lives of those who lived and settled there. How important were

______________________________________________________other factors?___________________________________________________________
1876: Women’s Lives 1981 How and why did the lives and status of Northern middle class women change between

______________________________________________________1776 and 1876?_________________________________________________________

1870- 1900: Big business 2012 In the post–Civil War United States, corporations grew significantly in number, size, and influence. Analyze the impact of big business on the economy and politics and the

responses of Americans to these changes. Confine your answer to the period 1870 to 1900.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1865-1900: Agriculture 2007 Analyze the ways in which technology, government policy, and economic conditions

______________________________________________________changed American agriculture in the period 1865 – 1900.______________________
1865 – 1900: Laissez – Faire 1979 To what extent and for what reasons did the policies of the federal government from

1865 – 1900 violate the principles of laissez-faire, which advocated minimal government

intervention in the economy. Consider with specific refernce to the following three areas

______________________________________________________of policy: railroad land grants, control of interstate commerce, and anti-trust legislation.
1875 – 1900: Labor Unions 2000 How successful was organized labor in improving the position of workers in the period

Success of Improving Workers from 1875 to 1900. Analyze the factors that contributed to the level of success


Positions_______________________________________________achieved.______________________________________________________________

1880 – 1900: Farmer’s Issues 1983 Documents A – H reveal some of the problems that many farmers in the late nineteenth

century (1880 –1900) saw as threats to their way of life. Expalin the reasons for agrarian

______________________________________________________discontent and evaluate the validity of the farmers” complaints._____________________
1899: Spanish – American War 1975 Analyze the factors that influenced the Senate in ratifying the Treaty of Paris in 1899 and

assess their relative significance. Your analysis and /or contradicitions presented by the

______________________________________________________evidence.________________________________________________________________
1890 - 1914: Imperialism 1994 To what extent was late nineteenth century and early twentieth century United States

expansionism a continuation of past United States expansionism and to what extent was it



______________________________________________________a departure?______________________________________________________________
1877 – 1915: Washington and 1989 Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois offered different strategies for dealing with the

DuBois problems of poverty and discrimination faced by Black Americans at the end of the

nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries. Assess the appropriateness of each of

______________________________________________________these strategies in the historical context in which each was developed.________________
1890 – 1925: Women’s Rights 1997 To what extent did economic and political developments as well as assumptions about the

______________________________________________________nature of women affect the position of American women during the period 1890 –1925.
1917 – 1921: Wilson and 1991 It was the strength of the opposition forces, both liberal and conservative, rater than the

Versailles ineptitude and stubbornness of President Wilson that led the Senate defeat of the Treaty



______________________________________________________of Versailles. Assess the validity of this statement using the time period 1917 – 1921.___
1919: Prohibition 1978 In the twentieth century prohibition spread by states’ passing local option laws, which

permitted a unit of local government such as a county, to prohibit the sale or consumption

of alcoholic beverages. After an intensive campaign by the Anti-Saloon League and other

prohibitionist organizations and reform groups, national prohibition was achieved by the

ratification of the 18th amendment to the federal constitution in 1919. What accounts for the

success of the prohibition movement in the US during the era of Progressive reform in 1900-

1919? Consider the social composition of the prohibitionists, their motives, strategy and

______________________________________________________pressure group tactics, and the relationship of prohibitionism to progressive reform. _____
1920’s: Traditional vs. Modern 1986 The 1920’s were a period of tension between new and changing attitudes on one hand and

traditional values and nostalgia on the other. What led to the tension between old and new


AND in what ways was the tension manifested? _________________________________

1920’s: Nativism: 1973 Relying on a critical evaluation of the accompanying documents, analyze the factors that



______________________________________________________probably influenced Congess to pass the Immigration Act of 1924._________________
1930’s: Hoover and FDR 1984 President Franklin D. Roosevelt is commonly thought of as a liberal and President Herbert

______________________________________________________C. Hoover as a conservative. To what extent are these characteristics valid?___________
1930’s: Great Depression 2003 Analyze the responses of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration to the problems of the

Great Depression. How effective were these responses? How did they change the role of



______________________________________________________the federal government?____________________________________________________
The United States decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a diplomatic

1945: Hiroshima and the 1988 measure calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post Second World War era

dropping of the atomic bomb. rather than a strictly military measure designed to force Japan’s unconditional surrender.

______________________________________________________Evaluate this statement by using diplomatic and military history from 1939 through 1945.

1948- 1961: Cold War 2001 What were the Cold War fears of the American people in the aftermath of the Second World

fears and Eisenhower War? How successfully did the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower address

______________________________________________________those fears?________________________________________________________________
1960’s: Civil Rights 1995 Analyze the changes that occurred during the 1960’s in the goals, strategies, and support

______________________________________________________of the movement for Frican American civil rights._______________________________

1964 –1975: Vietnam 2008 Analyze the ways in which the Vietnam War heightened social, political, and economic

tensions in the United States. Focus your answers on the period 1964 to 1975.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



1968 -1974: Nixon’s Presidency 2011 Analyze the international and domestic challenges the United States faced between 1968

and 1974, and evaluate how President Richard Nixon’s administration responded to them.

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