Do Now: “The settlers in England’s American colonies brought with them their country’s tradition of representative government. In 1619, the settlers of Jamestown in Virginia founded the House of Burgesses

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Baron de Montesquieu

Jean-Jacques Rousseau


1- Believed governments obtain their authority from the consent of the people they govern
2- Opposed to Divine Right of Kings
3- Natural Rights: Life, Liberty, Property

1- Separation of powers
2- Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branch of Government
3- To prevent tyranny

1- Popular sovereignty
2- A doctrine in political theory that government is created by and subject to the will of the people

1- Religious Freedom
2- Freedom of Speech

How did these Enlightenment ideas influence the colonists? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Word Bank: Mercantilism, Albany Plan of the Union, House of Burgesses, “Salutary Neglect,” Mayflower Compact, Magna Carta, French and Indian War (1754-1763), Jamestown, Consent of the Governed

  1. The first successful English settlement in North America was established on an island in the James River in Virginia in 1607. ____________, named for the English king, James I, was founded by the London Company. The settlers at this settlement suffered greatly at first until they learned to grow tobacco and ship it to England.

  1. The second successful English colony was founded by an English company at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. However, the settlers, the Pilgrims, had religious reasons for coming. The Pilgrims were strict Protestants who wished to separate from the Church of England. Before landing in Plymouth, 41 adults on the Mayflower signed the _____________. This concept of government by compact or written agreement became a cornerstone of American democracy.

  1. Of course, the colonists enjoyed several democratic institutions, based in part on the English political tradition. In signing the _____________ of 1215, the English king had promised not to take away property or to imprison his nobles or townspeople except according to the laws of the land. This document limited the power of the king. The English also had a representative legislature, known as the Parliament.

  1. In 1620, Pilgrims crossing the Atlantic signed the Mayflower Compact, which established a colonial government deriving power from the _____________.

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