Multiple Choice portion of the exam: make sure to use the scantron provided.
The following questions are based on the following song.
“In excelsis gloria.
Within a lodge of broken bark
The tender babe was found
A ragged robe of rabbit skin
En-wrapped His beauty round
But as the hunter braves drew nigh
The angel song rang loud and high
Jesus your King is born
Jesus is born
The earliest moon of wintertime
Is not so round and fair
As was the ring of glory
On the helpless Infant there
The chiefs from far before Him knelt
With gifts of fox and beaver pelt
Huron Carol or “Twas in the moon of wintertime," composed by Jean de Brébeuf in the Native American language of the Huron people in 1643, translated by Jesse Edgar Middleton
"Jesous Ahatonhia (The Huron Carol)" in Canadian Poetry in English, compiled by Bliss Carman, Lorne Pierce, and V.B. Rhodenizer (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1954).
1. The song above was most likely a 17th-century artifact from European colonization efforts of the
2. The European colonization model evidenced by the song above
a. used trade alliances and intermarriage with American Indians to acquire products for export to Europe.
b. established tight control over the colonization process to convert and/or exploit the population.
c. sent colonists to acquire land and populate their settlements while having relatively hostile relationships with American Indians.
d. integrated a coherent hierarchal imperial structure and pursued economic aims.
3. Which of the following is LEAST representative of 16th- and 17th-century European colonial practices?
a. A desire for new sources of wealth, increased power and status, and converts to Christianity
b. Attempts to change American Indian beliefs and worldviews on basic social issues such as religion, gender roles, and the family
d. The embrace of different social and economic goals, cultural assumptions, and folkways, resulting in varied models of colonization
This questions are based on the following passage.
“Objection 5: But what warrant have we to take that land, which is and has been of long time possessed of others, the sons of Adam?
“Answer: That which is common to all is proper to none. This savage people rule over many lands without title or property; for they enclose no ground, neither have they cattle to maintain it, but remove their dwellings as they have occasion, or as they can prevail against their neighbors. And why may not Christians have liberty to go and dwell amongst them in their waste lands and woods….Secondly, there is more than enough for them and us. Thirdly, God has consumed the natives with a miraculous plague, whereby the greater part of the country is left void of inhabitants. Fourthly, we shall come in with good leave of the natives.”
John Winthrop, General Considerations for the Plantation in New England with an Answer to Several Objections…, 1629
4. Which European approach to colonization is most consistent with the arguments in the excerpt above?
b. Establishing tight control over the colonization process to convert and/or exploit the native populations
c. Sending men and women to acquire land and populate settlements while having relatively hostile relationships with the native inhabitants
d. Integrating a coherent hierarchal imperial structure and pursing economic aims
5. The author of the excerpt above was most interested in
a. participating in the fur trade with the native communities.
b. generating great wealth for the king in England.
c. converting American Indians to Christianity.
d. justifying the takeover of American Indian lands.
6. The North American colonial settlements referenced in the passage above tended to
a. be economically, religiously, and ethnically diverse.
b. establish like-minded, close-knit, homogeneous communities.
c. be dedicated to converting American Indians to Christianity.
d. develop staple crop economies based on slave labor.
7. What was the impact of the “miraculous plague” mentioned in the excerpt above?
a. It stimulated cultural and demographic change.
b. It led to European accommodation with some aspects of American Indian culture.
c. It increased British colonists’ acceptance of intermarriage with native peoples.
d. It collapsed the fur trade and lessened access to trade goods.
Which of the following best describes the role of Britain’s more northern colonies in the global trade as illustrated in the map above?
a. They took advantage of long growing seasons by using slave labor to grow staple crops.
b. They relied solely on the cultivation of tobacco.
c. They had an export economy based on food products and raw materials.
d. They primarily exported furs and manufactured goods.
9. In the 17th and early 18th centuries, Britain’s greatest challenge in controlling the North American Atlantic trade illustrated above was
a. the growth of regional distinctiveness.
b. external competition.
c. repeated colonial wars.
d. widespread corruption in the imperial system.
10. In the early 19th century, the United States used tariffs to solve some of the problems of Atlantic trade, resulting in
a. regional interests continuing to trump national concerns.
The following questions refer to the following image
Which colonial trend from the 17th and 18th centuries is best illustrated by the image above?
a. The spread of Enlightenment thought
b. The Anglicanization of the British colonies
c. Puritans seeking to establish a community of religious believers
d. Protestant evangelism
12. By the mid-18th century, the fervor illustrated in the image above
a. contributed to resistance toward imperial control as the Great Awakening undermined traditional institutions and sources of authority in the colonies which gave way to eventual colonial resistance toward imperial control from the crown.
b. stimulated the growth of ideas on race, leading to racial stereotyping.
c. led to the growth of autonomous political communities based on English models.
d. supported accommodation with some aspects of American Indian culture
The following questions refer to the following quotation. “…Whereas the enforcing of the conscience in matters of religion has frequently fallen out to be of dangerous consequence in those commonwealths where it has been practiced, and for the more quiet and peaceable government of this Province, and the better to preserve mutual love and amity among the inhabitants thereof. Be it therefore enacted that no person or persons whatever in the Province…professing to believe in Jesus Christ, shall from henceforth be any ways troubled, molested, or discountenanced for or in respect of his or her religion nor in the free exercise thereof within the Province…nor in any way compelled to the belief or exercise of any other religion against his or her consent, so [long] as they not be unfaithful to the Lord Proprietary, or molest or conspire against the civil government established in this Province under him…”
Maryland Act Concerning Religion, 1644
William Hand Browne, ed., Archives of Maryland (Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1883).
13. The passage above was most likely written in response to
a. the growth of autonomous political communities based on English models.
b. Protestant evangelism in North America.
c. the ethnic and religious diversity of the middle colonies.
d. the expanding social networks of the Atlantic World.
14. The ideas expressed in the passage above most clearly show the influence of which of the following?
a. Resistance to imperial control in the British colonies
b. The British government’s indifference to colonial governance
c. Greater religious independence in the colonies
d. A strong belief in British cultural superiority
15. The ideas expressed in the passage above most directly led to political controversies over
a. Britain’s indifference to colonial governance.
b. Britain’s efforts to pursue mercantilist economic aims.
c. the presence of slavery in the colonies.
d. the spread of European Enlightenment ideas.
The following questions refer to the following excerpt.
“Loving and kind father and mother:
“…this is to let you understand that I your Child am in a most heavy case by reason of the nature of this Country [which] is such that it causeth much sickness.…And when we are sick there is nothing to comfort us; for since I came out of the ship, I never ate anything but peas, and loblollie (that is water gruel)….There is indeed some fowl, but we are not allowed to go, and get it, but must work hard both early and late for a mess of water gruel, and a mouthful of bread, and beef.…[I]f you did know as much as I, when people cry out day, and night—Oh that they… would not care to lose any limb to be in England again….And I have nothing to comfort me…I have nothing at all—no, not a shirt to my back but two rags, nor no clothes but one poor suit….My cloak is stolen by one of my own fellows, and to his dying hour [he] would not tell me what he did with it; but some of my fellows saw him buy butter and beef from a ship, which my cloak, [no] doubt, paid for….And he [Mr. Jackson] much marveled that you would send a servant to the Company; he saith that I had been better knocked on the head. And indeed so I find it now, to my great grief and misery; and saith if you love me you will redeem me suddenly, and for which I do entreat and beg. And if you cannot get the merchants to redeem me for some little money, then for God’s sake get a gathering or entreat some good folks to lay out some little sum of money in meal and cheese and butter and beef.”
Letter from Richard Frethorne, indentured servant, to his parents in England, 1623
Susan Myra Kingsbury, ed., The Records of the Virginia Company of London, Volume IV (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1935).
16. The excerpt above is best understood in the context of which of the following?
a. The spreading of European conflicts to North America
b. The emergence of autonomous political communities based on English models
c. The shared labor market of the Atlantic economy in the 18th century
d. A strong belief in British cultural superiority
17. The sentiments expressed in the passage above most directly reflect which of the following continuities in United States history?
b. A colonial ideology critical of perceived corruption in the imperial system
c. The struggles of governmental organizations to address the effects of mass migrations
d. The economic and class tensions resulting after migration to the Western Hemisphere
18. The excerpt above would be most useful to historians analyzing the
a. development of strict racial categories among British colonists.
b. focus in colonies on gaining new sources of labor.
c. decline in regional distinctiveness among the British colonies over time.
d. development of more effective means of enslaving native peoples.
The questions refer to the following passage. “It is proposed that humble application be made for an act of Parliament of Great Britain, by virtue of which one general government may be formed in America, including all the said colonies, within and under which government each colony may retain its present constitution, except in the particulars wherein a change may be directed by the said act as hereafter follows….That they make such laws as they judge necessary for regulating all Indian trade….That they raise and pay soldiers, and build forts for the defence of any of the Colonies, and equip vessels of force to guard the coasts and protect the trade on the oceans, lakes, or great rivers; but shall not impress men in any Colony, without the consent of the Legislature. That for these purposes they have power to make laws and lay and leavy such general duties, imposts, or taxes as to them shall appear most equal and just…and such as may be collected with the least inconvenience to the people…”
Albany Plan of Union, 1754
Documents Illustrative of the Formation of the Union of the American States, ed. Charles C. Tansill. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1927) House Document No. 398.
19. The excerpt above is best understood in the context of the
a. increasing economic exchanges within the “Atlantic World.”
b. Anglicization of the British colonies.
c. resistance to imperial control in the British colonies.
d. spread of European conflicts to North America.
20. The excerpt above is indicative of which of the following?
a. The colonists having grown accustomed to a large measure of autonomy
b. An ideology critical of perceived corruption in the imperial system
c. The colonial production of commodities that were valued in Europe