Do not copy/paste your answers! Webquest Nombre: Clase: Part A: Augusto Pinochet Resources

Download 27.14 Kb.
Size27.14 Kb.

Webquest Nombre: Clase:

Part A: Augusto Pinochet


  • Read Pinochet's letter to Chile to understand his point of view.

  • Read about Salvador Allende, the president that was in power before Pinochet.

  • Read the charges against Pinochet.

  • Read about the official medical report concerning his health.

  • Read about the position of the people who support Pinochet.

  • Read this article about the legacy of Pinochet.

  • Read “Declassified Documents Relating to the Military Coup” and about CIA Activities in Chile.

Task 1: Decide whether or not Pinochet should be prosecuted based on what occurred during the military coup in Chile in 1973. In order to decide what point of view you are going to take, you need to first do your research. Figure out who Pinochet is, what he has done, and what the different views are about him. Cite your sources. You will take one of the following positions:

  1. Pinochet should not be prosecuted. There are many different reasons why (as a group you will choose one): he is in poor health, he did not do anything wrong, the problems are Chile's problems and should be dealt with only by Chile, etc.

  2. Pinochet should be prosecuted because he did commit crimes.


Task 2: Determine and defend your opinion about U.S. involvement in Chile. Give specific examples from the articles below. Cite your sources.


Part B: WebQuest Latin America 16th through 19th Centuries (Independence Movements)

Using the following webpages to answer the following questions.

  • General Info on Latin American:

  • Simon Bolivar:

  • Jose San Martin:

  • Economic Activity:

1. What are the viceroyalties and how many were there in Latin America?


2. What was the division of social classes in Latin America?


3. Describe Simon Bolivar’s revolutionary movements in at least two different regions within Latin America.


4. Describe Jose Francisco de San Martin’s revolutionary movements in at least two different regions within Latin America.


5. What happened at the Guayaquil Conference?


6. Describe the separate parts of Mexico’s movement towards independence from Spain between 1810-1824.


7. What are some new Republics out of the Latin American Revolutions of the early 19th century?


8. Who financed the fight against the revolutions in the Americas?


9. What were the feelings of the merchants in Iberia at the time in 1820?


Part C: Revolution

Causes of Revolution: As in France, the Latin American revolutions were caused by several factors. Also as in France the disparity between the small number of people with power and wealth and the poverty stricken masses without political influence provided a situation ripe for revolution. Using the following link, identify the social issues that existed in Latin America that led to Revolution.

1) Explain the social hierarchy in Latin America before the revolution. Include and describe each of the groups and their respective powers or roles. How could this system alone lead to revolution? What actions taken by Napoleon inflamed this situation and why?>rack=pthc#869


a) Which two groups made up the vast portion of the population in Colonial America.

b) Of the Europeans, which group—peninsulares or creoles—probably made up a larger percentage?


Still, a spark was needed to ignite this tinderbox of revolt. Using the following link, identify an additional four major causes of revolutions in Latin America.

2) Identify 4 additional causes of the Latin American Revolutions.



Revolution Begins!: The vast differences between social classes, the introduction of enlightenment ideas, and the inspiration of the French Revolution set the stage for revolution in Latin America, but the forces in motion needed one more event to trigger their move for Independence.

1) Describe how Napoleon's invasion and conquest of Spain in the Peninsular War of 1808 triggered the Revolutions in Latin America. (3rd Paragraph)


Libertadores in South America: Once revolution had begun in South America in countries such as Venezuela and Argentina, the people's seeking independence needed their best leaders and a unified effort to defeat the much more powerful Spanish and loyalist Armies. Luckily Venezuela, which declared independence in 1811, was home to Simon Bolivar, a brilliant military mind and experienced statesman who had spent time in Europe, and had witnessed firsthand the success of democratic principles in the United States on a trip in 1807. To the South, Jose de San Martin led the forces of Argentina when it declared Independence in 1816. Martin's more reserved demeanor made him a hero to his troops, and his youth in Europe did not dampen his loyalties to Argentine Independence. To better understand the role these men played in their nation's quest for independence use the following resources.

1) Pick 2 characteristics or experiences of Simon Bolivar that made him a good leader and list them.


2) Why is Simon Bolivar called the George Washington of South America?


3) How did Simon Bolivar and Jose San Martin Work together to achieve Independence in South America?


Revolutions throughout Latin America: Throughout Central America and in Portugal's colony of Brazil, Independence movements sprang up in reaction to the anger of underprivileged and underrepresented classes inspired by the model of the French Revolution and enlightenment ideals. As in South America, bold leaders and commitment from the people saw an end to colonial rule. Whereas clear military struggle had won victories for the peoples of South America, royal intrigue and infighting complicated the road to independence for Mexico and Brazil.

Mexican war of Independence 1810 - List and briefly describe the major causes, figures, events, and results.


Effects of the Revolutions: Despite the hope brought by Independence and the best efforts and example of some of the leaders of the new nations, the goals of the revolutions of equality and unity largely went unfulfilled. The fierce sense of Independence that had led to victory over colonial overlords, would cause divisions between the new nations and destroy Simon Bolivar's dreams of a Gran Columbia in South America. Soon after Independence, the unworldly reins of government were grabbed by men who did not share the sense of equality that had ignited the revolutions.

Five Consequences of Independence:

1) Who were the caudillos and what type of government did the set up for the new countries of Latin America?>rack=pthc


2) What was the Monroe Doctrine and how it shows the U.S. "controlling" Latin America? (First Paragraph)


3) What happened to the dream of Political unity? (New Nations Confront Old and New Problems - Political Fragmentation) Political Disunity


4) Land sales - After independence was achieved governments sold off land to raise money. The only people able to buy the land were the creoles or the upper classes that now existed because most of the peninsulares were gone. This meant that most of the land was once again owned by a small, elite section of the population.

5) Trade - After Independence, the cash crop economy that had existed continued, but now trade was not restricted to a mother country, and Spain's former colonies opened trade with Britain and the United States. To build up their governments, caudillos borrowed money from the U.S. and Britain to set up industries. When the countries were not able to pay back their loans, the lender countries moved in and took over industries in Latin America.

Download 27.14 Kb.

Share with your friends:

The database is protected by copyright © 2023
send message

    Main page