The terms used in this chapter to describe the student populations represent distinct but overlapping categories.
English language learners (ELLs) are students whose first language is not English and who are in the process of learning English. Not all English language learners are classified as limited English proficient or are receiving special language or educational services.
Immigrant students, for the purposes of this chapter, include those students (including refugees, regardless of legal status) born outside of the United States of parents who are not originally from the United States. It does not include those born and raised in non-English-speaking homes in the United States.