Why is Socrates brought to trial in the Apology? What are the two official charges and the two unofficial charges to which he responded? Why does he consider the latter accusations worse than the former?
Why did the Oracle of Delphi claim that there is no one was wiser than Socrates? What was Socrates response? How did Socrates interpret the Oracle’s words as a command to live the philosophical life? (20 c-23 b)
Explain how Socrates responds to the two charges. How does Socrates argue that he would not have intentionally corrupted the youth of Athens? (25 c-26 a) How does Socrates argue that Meletus cannot consistently accuse Socrates of atheism? (26 a-28 a)
What is Socrates’ first argument for not fearing death? (28 b-29 b)
Why does Socrates think that it would be immoral for him to obey an order to stop philosophizing? (29 b-30 b) What does Socrates mean by the “care of the self” and what is its importance for the political community (polis)? (30 b-32 b)
How does Socrates argue that it is better not to commit injustice whether it is commanded by a tyrant or by the majority of people? Do you agree or disagree? (32 a-32 e)
Why does Socrates refuse to beg the court for mercy? (34 b-35 b) What role should moral integrity play in the face of public or majority opinion?
Why does Socrates argue that he deserves free meals in the Prytaneum for life? (36 b-e)
Why does Socrates refuse to suggest a penalty that would be bad for him? (37 a-c)
Why does Socrates refuse to suggest exile as a penalty? (37 c-38 a)
What is Socrates’ second argument for not fearing death? (39 e-40 c)
What is Socrates’ third argument for not fearing death? (40 c-41 c)
Socrates’ arguments imply that morality and individual virtue should have a role in political life. Is he right? Explain why or why not?
Basing your conclusion on arguments/reasons, did Socrates deserve his punishment?
What is Socrates’ argument in the Crito for holding that he and Crito should not worry about their reputation among the masses or majority opinion? Do you agree? (44 c-48 d)
How does Socrates argue that escaping from prison would contribute to the undermining of the state? (50 a-b) Is he correct? Explain why or why not.
What are Socrates’ two arguments (one based on the idea of an implicit contract, and the other based on an analogy between state and parent) that he is not justified in harming the city even in self-defense? (49 e-54 d) Is he right or wrong about a citizen’s duty? Why or why not?
In both dialogues, Socrates is critical of majority opinion and the rule of the many. Explain why and whether there is any validity to his assessment.
Whereas the Apology appears to defend the individual in relation to society, the Crito argues for the individual’s responsibility to society. Are these two arguments consistent? Explain why or why not.
How would you describe Socrates’ mission and life? How does he compare to Antigone and Pericles? Explain.