What were five specific events that greatly changed English history (pp. 83-88)?
What were the Crusades?
What was the outcome of the Crusades?
What were the benefits of the Crusades?
What was Thomas a Becket's relationship to King Henry II?
Describe the power of the pope (Roman Catholic Church).
What was King Henry's relationship to the pope?
To what position did King Henry II appoint his friend? Why?
How was Henry's plan thwarted?
What happened to Becket? Why?
What were the results of the martyrdom on the church (positive and negative)?
What was the result of the martyrdom to the crown?
What event caused England to return to more democratic tendencies?
When and where did this event happen?
Who was involved?
For whom was the signing a defeat?
For whom was the signing a victory?
For what did the Magna Carta become a basis?
What could be called the first national war?
Who were the two opponents?
What was the issue?
What was the outcome for England?
By whom did England come to be represented?
28. What is another name for the Black Death?
a. Describe it.
b. What were the results of the plague?
29. What was the War of the Roses?
a. Who was Henry VII?
FLEAS, MONEY, AND GUNPOWDER: THE END OF AN ERA (p. 86)
30. Why did the Middle Ages end?
31. How did people purchase goods before the Crusades?
a. How did the Crusades affect the need for coins?
b. How did coinage help the peasants?
34. What changed hand-to-hand combat?
a. What happened at the battle of Crecy.
35. What revolutionized the country’s social and economic systems?
28. Time Line (pp. 76-77). Give the events for the following dates.
1066 m. 1455
1086 n.. 1455-14865
1095-1270 o. 1485
**Note concurrent events in Zibabwe, Mexico, and Peru
The Middle Ages/Sir Gawain and the Green Knight The following questions are based on your group presentations as they apply to the reading of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. You may use your notes as you construct your responses. For every response, you must provide evidence from the works of literature discussed and show the link between that litera-ture and your conclusion(s). ANSWER ONE OF THE FOLLOWING TWO QUESTIONS ON THIS SIDE AND ONE OF THE TWO ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THIS PAGE.
How might it be said that Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (SGGK) points up the fragility of Medieval values?
Compare the heroes of the two stories Beowulf and SGGK. How do the two stories differ most dramatically? What change/changes in those stories’ respective cultures/societies does that difference suggest to you?
The following questions are based on your group presentations as they apply to the reading of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. You may use your notes as you construct your responses. For every response, you must provide evidence from the works of literature discussed and show the link between that litera-ture and your conclusion(s). ANSWER ONE OF THE TWO QUESTIONS ON THIS PAGE.
Some have said that the Middle Ages were a time of great cynicism/pessimism, of hopelessness, and of increasing questioning of faith. What factors/features of those times might have led to such negative attitudes, and what evidence do we see of that in SGGK?