Directions: Read the questions below and check to see if the items in red are the correct answers. If not, make the correct choice. Expressions such as "Remember the Alamo," "Remember the Maine," and "Remember Pearl Harbor" are
a. political campaigns
b. great victories by American forces
c. wartime slogans
d. causes for wars Which person has been called the Father of the American Industrial Revolution?
a. John Rolfe
b. Eli Whitney
c. Zebulon Pike
d. Noah Webster
What was the LAST piece of contiguous (touching) territory added to the U.S.?
f. Gadsden Purchase
g. Panama Canal Zone
h. Mexican Cession
Who was the inventor of interchangeable parts and the cotton gin?
c. escaped slavery through the Underground Railroad
d. were involved in the Bleeding Kansas dispute
What was the goal of the newly formed Republican Party?
a. abolition of slavery
b. repeal of the fugitive slave law
c. lowering of tariffs
d. ban on slavery in U.S. territories
The Republican platform of 1860 included a reference to a change in the tariff, which would "encourage the industrial development of the whole country." This statement was meant to influence voting in
a. Georgia and Alabama
b. Florida and Georgia
c. New Jersey and Florida
d. Pennsylvania and New Jersey
One important result of the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 was that
a. all slaves were made free
b. all owners of freed slaves were paid for their "lost property"
c. freedom for slaves became an official aim of the war
d. every freed slave was given 40 acres and a mule The issue of slavery in the territories was an important one during this period. The person most responsible for the argument that there could be no Congressional interference with slavery in the territories was
a. John Brown
b. Roger Taney
c. William Lloyd Garrison
d. Abraham Lincoln
Which is the most accurate statement concerning the Supreme Court's decision in the Dred Scott case?
a. It ended the argument over slavery in the territories.
b. It granted citizenship to former slaves.
c. It upheld the Missouri Compromise.
d. It intensified arguments over slavery in the territories.
Which statement would most historians support regarding the firing on Fort Sumter?
a. It was a basic cause of the Civil War.
b. It was an underlying cause of the Civil War.
c. It had nothing to do with the Civil War.
d. It was the immediate cause of the Civil War. Which of the following was Lincoln's major war aim?
a. to free the slaves
b. to stop expansion of slavery into the territories
c. to force the South to unconditionally surrender
d. to preserve the Union Women became dominant in what occupation in America during the Civil War?
a. college teaching
b. WAC units
The Emancipation Proclamation was
A) a law passed by Congress. B) an amendment to the federal Constitution.
C) a Presidential order. D) a joint resolution of Congress.
During the Civil War, which action posed the greatest threat to civil liberties?
A) The seizure of Mason and Slidell from the Trent.
B) Suspension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus by President Lincoln.
C) The impressments of British soldiers by the American navy.
D) The assassination by President Lincoln.
The chief reason why the English commercial class supported the Confederacy instead of the North in the Civil War was that the South
A) was fighting for the preservation of its social structure.
B) was more likely to win the war.
C) was more likely to repay debts to British industries.
D) was more likely to provide favorable tariff conditions for British goods.
At the start of the Civil War, President Lincoln believed the main reason for the war was to
A) save the Union. B) end slavery.
C) defend states’ rights. D) protect the interests’ of northern industries.
Which of the following was a Union victory?
A) Gettysburg B) Antietam C) Bull Run D) Monitor v. Merrimac
Which of the following MOST accurately describes the similarity of "The Genius of Universal Emancipation," "The Liberator," and "Uncle Tom's Cabin"?
a. They were all anti-slavery novels.
b. All three were anti-slavery magazines.
c. They all pointed out the evils of slavery.
d. All three were written by Southerners.
What did the South gain in the Compromise of 1850?
a. Tariff rates were lowered.
b. California was opened to slavery.
c. A strict fugitive slave law was passed.
d. All territories would be equally divided into slave and free
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 is an example of
a. separation of powers
b. division of powers
c. Manifest Destiny
d. popular sovereignty
Some Civil War leaders became folk heroes in American history. One became the commander of all the Confederate armies. He was
a. Salmon P. Chase
b. Robert E. Lee
c. Ulysses S. Grant
d. William T. Sherman
Some Civil War leaders became folk heroes in American history. The general who led a Union army on a destructive "March to the Sea" was
a. Salmon P. Chase
b. Robert E. Lee
c. Ulysses S. Grant
d. William T. Sherman
What was Abraham Lincoln’s position on slavery in the election of 1860?
A) He opposed slavery as an unjust and immoral practice therefore he should abolish it.
B) He encouraged the expansion of slavery into new territories.
C) He refused to take a stance because it was too politically risky.
D) He opposed expansion of slavery, but felt it should remain in states who have already established it. The chief purpose of the Northern blockade during the Civil War was to prevent
A) English volunteers from reaching the South.
B) Confederate officials from escaping to Europe.
C) the South from exporting cotton.
D) the French navy from aiding the South.
When Lincoln was elected as President in 1860,
A) he was America’s clear cut choice.
B) South Carolina immediately seceded from the Union.
C) slaves rejoiced because they were immediately set free.
D) John Wilkes Booth attempted to assassinate him.
Which of the following was NOT one of the arguments against the Fugitive Slave Law?
A) The law made it easy to kidnap free African Americans.
B) Slaves were legally the property of the slaveholder.
C) Accused African Americans were not allowed to defend themselves.
D) Methods of returning escaped slaves was cruel and humiliating.
How did immigration affect the ability of the North to conduct the war?
a. A sharp drop in immigration restricted the North's ability to wage
b. Immigration benefited the South more than the North.
c. Immigration to the North provided workers for production and
replacements for soldiers killed or wounded.
d. Immigration was not a factor during the Civil War because immigrants
were excluded from draft laws.
Why did the South think its secession from the Union would succeed?
a. The Confederate army was larger.
b. The South had a better transportation system.
c. The South did not have to defeat the Union -- it only had to avoid
How did the ratification of the 15th Amendment in 1870 affect the number of black men who voted in the North and South?
E) More voted in the South, but there was no change in the North.
F) More voted both in the South and the North.
G) More voted in the South, but fewer voted in the North.
H) Fewer voted in the South and the North.
The Republicans discovered that their margin of victory in the 1868 election was due mainly to their solid support among black voters. Eagerness to enlist more black voters would increase Republican support for
A) the Supreme Court decision in "Plessy v. Ferguson"
B) the ratification of the 15th Amendment
C) abolition of the Freedmen's Bureau
D) Lincoln's 10% plan Which economic institution was sometimes called "slavery without slaves"?
E) the closed shop
F) the factory system
G) subsistence farming
Who was president during most of the period of Reconstruction (1865-1877)?
A) Andrew Johnson
B) Thaddeus Stevens
C) Abraham Lincoln
D) Ulysses Grant
Which of the following best expresses the Radical Republican philosophy of Reconstruction?
E) The Southern states never left the Union.
F) If 10% of the voters took an oath of allegiance, the state would be
restored to the Union.
G) If conventions in Southern states would amend their constitutions and
repudiate their war debts, the state would be restored to the Union.
H) The states were conquered territories that were to be ruled by military
h. to ensure that American products be purchased domestically
A change in the making of small goods by hand to large factories that used machines was called the
a. Industrial Revolution
b. the American System
c. the Transportation Revolution
d. the Commercial Revolution The main purpose of General Sherman's march across Georgia was to
a. save Grant's army from being surrounded
b. capture General Lee
c. divide the Confederacy
d. capture the cotton crop for later sale to England One Civil War leader became commander in chief of the United States Army after his successful campaigns in the Western sector of the Civil War. He was
a. Ulysses S. Grant
b. William T. Sherman
c. William H. Seward
d. David G. Farragut One Southern reaction to Congressional Reconstruction was the use of racist secret societies to obstruct Reconstruction policies by intimidation. One such society was the