Differences between New England and Chesapeake colonies



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Ross Chezem

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Differences between New England and Chesapeake colonies


As the colonies were settled in the Americas there were several differences that started form though different influences. New England and the Chesapeake regions or group of colonies were both settled largely by English settlers, but by the 1700’s they developed into two distinct colonies due to the geography of the two region, the colonists rationale, and their economies.


The New England and Chesapeake regions both became two distinct colonies due to the distinct geography of each region. New England was much more hilly and rocky as compared to Chesapeake region with its rich fertile soil with flat alluvial tidal areas which affected the formation of the economies for both regions. The climate for the Chesapeake colonies was temperate and warm as compared to the cold climate in the New England colonies. The New England area had swift, steep rivers while the Chesapeake region had slow, wide rivers. Seeing how both regions had two very different geographies, there was difference in how the New England and the Chesapeake regions developed. The differences in the geographies for the New England and Chesapeake regions that caused differences in the regions development were: whether each region had rich soil or not, the climates, and the flow of the rivers in each region.
Both regions, New England and Chesapeake, attracted different groups of colonists with very different rationales. The New England region was largely settled by colonists looking for religious freedom. The Chesapeake region was settled largely by colonists looking for economic gain and adventure. Most colonists in the New England region planned on staying long term as compared to the colonists of the Chesapeake region who originally planned on staying short term. Overall the reasons or rationales of the colonists led to the development of the two distinct colonies because the New England region was settled largely by colonists looking for religious freedom and a long term stay, while the Chesapeake region was settled by colonists looking for economic gain or adventure with a short term stay.
The economies in the New England and Chesapeake regions were both very distinct. The economy in the Chesapeake region was based upon the plantations due to the very rich soil and temperate climate. The economy in the New England area was based upon specialized trades such as: ship building and fishing due to the poor soil conditions of the region. Later on the New England area would eventually become more industrious while the Chesapeake area would remain very agricultural. The distinctness of each regions economy led to the formation to entirely different colonies by virtue of the ability to grow and own plantations in the Chesapeake region while in the New England region they weren’t able to have plantations so they turned to specialized trade.
The New England and Chesapeake colonies were very distinct from one another in several ways. The geography of the regions affected the development of the colonies. The rationales of the colonists in each area led to some differences as well. The economies and how they formed also set the two colonies apart from one another as well. The two regions grew to be very distinct from one another due to the differences of their geography, the colonists rationale, and their economies.


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