Generation No. 1 1. WILLIAM2 OXLEY (THOMAS1) was born 1810 in Carlton, Lindrock, Nottingham ENGLAND, and died 15 Nov 1893 in Liverpool Sanitarium NSW Rg.8534 (83). He married SARAH WELLS 01 Nov 1837 in Hinton Patterson NSW Rg.1868-21, daughter of ROBERT WELLS and SARAH LONGEST. She was born 1816 in Parramatta NSW Rg., and died 19 May 1886 in Hovells Creek NSW Rg.7422 Burrowa.
He was from Averham a small village on the River Trent, near Newark, Nottingham, England, it was here he fell foul of the law, which resulted in his permanent exile from his family and home. As Crown Minute Books. Series begin in 1818
ASSI11/4 1827-1829 Monday March 17th 1828
Cor Alexander CB HDL Puts -guilty- Judgement recorded
* William Oxley. Robs, Geo Maltby at Kilham on the 5th September of a Sovereign & Goods received - Seven 5/-/- in (Promissory) notes twelve 1 /-/- promissory forfeited notes. NOTTINGHAM REVIEW
21st March 1828. William OXBY, aged 17 years, was charged with robbing Geo. Maltby, a farmer of Averham, on the 5th of September. The prosecutor was at Newark, and left the Ram Inn, about 9 o'clock at night, picked up a girl in the streets, Ann Rose, (who was charged with being a accessory to the robbery, but the grand jury threw out the bill against her,) and took her to an haystack near to the Trant Bridge: while he was there, two men came up and said " What did you call that woman a ------ -whore for?" They knocked him down, and took from his pockets 49/-/- pound in notes seven of which were 5/-/- notes of the Southwell bank, also a guinea and some silver. The woman ran away, when he was knocked down, and when the men had robbed him they went away: he pursued until they threatened to throw him in the Trent. He then went home, but came to Newark the next day, and at night the prisoner was apprehended at a public house, by Richard Bell, the chief constable of Newark, and on searching him, 10 sovereigns, a Guinea, some hanker kerchiefs, a silver watch, and near 5/-/- in silver, were found upon him, he said he had had the watch two years----- Mr. Shepperley, a watchmaker of Nottingham proved that on Thursday prisoner had bought the watch at his shop, for 8/15/- and had paid for it in two 5/-/- pound Southwell notes,
The Jury found him guilty, and judgement of death was recorded. He was tried in the company of Joseph Mackinney, who was also sent on the 'Albion' William was taken aboard in 1828, the ship arrived 3rd November 1828, a 478 ton ship, built in Bristol in 1813, an E class ship. J. Ralph was her master, she sailed from London with 188 male prisoners aboard. The ship would have been especially fitted out to carry convicts. Bound Indent for "Albion"
Number 137 Oxby or Oxley William, age 19 years, ticket of leave 1842/ 1191, education - nil, protestant, single, Place of Origin - Lincolnshire, conditional pardon 1843/1868, dated 1.10.1848. His occupation Tailor 2 years or groom, crime -highway robbery, tried Nottingham 17th March 1828, sentence -life, no previous convictions, height 5'8 1/2", sallow complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes. He had lost left eyebrow, scar between eyebrows, and scar over right eye. William was assigned on arrival to Richard Wilshire in Sydney. Colonial Secretaries correspondence 2nd October 1830, William Pennington applied for the transfer of prisoner William Oxley to his service, Richard Wilshire has consented. When William was bought before the Bench was assigned to William Davis, Cutler of Kent Street, he was a time expired convict who had arrived in 1800 on the Royal Admiral, and he had received his conditional pardon. Police Office Sydney 7th July 1831. Proceedings in the case of the prisoner William Oxley per 'Albion' assigned to Mr. Davis of Kent Street, Sydney was bought before the bench on the 6th instant, charged with being absent from his service and it appearing that the prisoner had been allowed by his Master to work on his own account. James Tobin on oath that the prisoner was at work as a tailor in Market Street between the hours of 12 and one. I. W. Pennington Tailor of Elizabeth Street, sworn that the Prisoner William Oxley was my assigned servant and as I could not get him to work. I was compelled to return him to the employ of the Government, I saw him at work in the House of Myers in Market Street and sitting at his table at different times in the last three weeks. William Davis had allowed him to work for himself and that working at Myers House, in making a jacket for Davis' son. The Bench respectfully recommends that the assignment to Mr. Davis may be revoked.
Inspector of Police In July he was charged with being an absconder, and was held on the No. 2 Iron Gang, and again on the 26th December 1832, he was apprehended as a runaway and held on the No. 2 Iron Gang. As a absconder he would have six months added to his sentence. 11th May, 1835 Colonial Secretaries Correspondence
Oxley has been detained in Hyde Park Barracks on the request and warrant of the Liverpool Bench pending the attorney General’s opinion in the robbery case, now called at least possible delay to the Government House at Parramatta for making of clothing of indented orderlies of his Excellency the Governor’s staff. William and Sarah must have met whilst William was in Sydney, she then followed him to Seaham. The marriage took place of Sarah Wells, who was the daughter of Robert Wells a time expired convict, and Sarah Longest, they married at Patterson in the County of Seaham. Permission of the Governor was sought as William was still serving his bond, the application was approved and they married by banns in the Church on 1st November 1837.
Police Office Seaham 31 January 1838
I beg permission to recommend for the situations of Ordinary Constables within this District the individual William Oxley.
It appears that the Prisoner of the Crown (Oxley) has been employed under the Government as an overseer of the roads for 18 months, whilst the Surveyor General had the charge of the Department; that he was removed from the situation to that to that of Tailor to the Mounted Orderlies of his Excellency the late Governor. Colonial Secretaries Correspondence 31st January, 1838
Appointment of Constables
Mounted Police, at his own request he was assigned to W. Alexander Livingstone, in whose employ the prisoner is, and has been for these last eighteen months past, and has been of good character for his master, who has given permission to the removal of the individual for the purpose of being employed in the capacity of an Ordinary Constable.
I therefore have the honour to request that you will lay this recommendation before the Excellency the Acting Governor and solicit his approval to their bring respectively appointed to obtain a Ticket of Leave according to the existing regulations.
Police Magistrate. Not granted to William Oxley as I do not approve of Prisoners of the Crown serving as ordinary Constables who have not got tickets of leave.
Colonial Secretary. It was whilst William and Sarah were at Seaham, their first born daughter Sarah was born on 10th February 1839. On the 15th August 1842, William's ticket of leave was suspended and he received an extra 6 months for misconduct whilst with the Police. Sydney Morning Herald - Tuesday 14th March 1845.
Nathan Crole and William Oxley, were charged with robbery with firearms, the dispositions not having been forwarded in time for the present sessions in court. From 1844 to 1845 William and Sarah were living in Parramatta, as the children Thomas, William and John were born there, possibly Sarah wanted to be near her family. William was still on a bond at this time and was with the Border Police, who were to keep law and order between NSW and Victoria. Their children Eliza, Robert were born in Melbourne and Rebecca were born at The Ovens. They were on their way home to NSW and Rebecca was baptised at Nara Gustawang now Gulgong). In 1854 they were living in Cowper Street, Goulburn as a sad event took place in their lives when Sarah their young daughter, took her own life, whilst her father was away working, she was only 13 years of age at the time. From there his movements have been traced to the Goulburn area, were he was employed as a shepherd on various stations, the family were then at Pomeroy near Goulburn were William working as a shepherd, when Joseph, and Mary Ann were born, they then moved to "Springfield" Braidwood a property own by William Faithful, this is where my great grandmother Susan Ann was born in 1864. While employed as a shepherd he was obliged to sleep in a box by the sheep fold. The box was raised from the ground, and was about seven feet by three, with a bunk in it for a bed. The dingoes were very troublesome and if the sheep were attacked they would jump and run across the box to escape in doing so would wake the shepherd. It was during this time Ben Hall, and his notorious gang of bushrangers, Johnny Gilbert and Dunn, had a shootout at the gates of Springfield Station with four of the eldest sons of squatter Faithful, they were travelling in a four in hand. The whole gang opened fire on the four boys before riding off and charging. The boys exchanged shots with the bushrangers, the boys then eventually made it back to the homestead, obtaining their fathers pistols before going out to try and re-engage the bushrangers, but they had left the scene.
Requests for volunteers were called, including William Oxley to join the party of special constables to pursue Ben Hall and his gang. William said "No, I don't want any more chasing up hill and down dale after bushrangers, I've had enough of that, let the young uns have a go" recalling his earlier days with the border police. It was during this time that their son William first met and fell in love with his bride to be, Mary Silk as her parents were also working for Faithfuls at 'Springfield' as well. The family had then moved to Pejar by 1863 which is between Goulburn and Crookwell NSW, as William was described as having a freehold, he was employed as a shepherd for Mr. Siggs, it was here that Joseph his son, who was also working as a shepherd, caught pneumonia and died. Granny Susan related the story how they placed violets in the room with the body of her young brother Joseph. From that day on she always hated the perfume of violets. William and family moved to Boorowa, and it was here that Sarah died in 1886, at Hovells Creek, near Frogmore, it was reported that William went to live in an old peoples home in Liverpool, as the family had scattered by now and made lives for themselves and their families. On the 29 June 1883 William Oxley was admitted to Liverpool Asylum for the Infirm and Destitute run by the Benevolent Society, located in Elizabeth Street, Liverpool. He was admitted on request and discharged 13 October 1883, he was again admitted 16 June 1885 and died there on the 15 November 1893, and he was buried in a pauper’s grave at St. Luke's Burial Ground, Liverpool. There was a section of the cemetery kept for the burials of the inmates from the home. There was one common thread recorded in his details each time he entered and that was his occupation as a 'tailor' but the ship and time of arrival change with each entry from 'Lord Admiral' 1847 to 'Dunbar' 1841, it is possible that his family didn't know what ship he came on or there was a cover up to hide his convict background. His age was given as 88 years, this is not correct he was only 84 years at the time of his death.
Arrival in Colony: 1828, per "Albion" convict
Burial: St Luke’s C/E Liverpool NSW - (Pauper's grave)
Occupation: Tailor with Mounted Police SARAH WELLS:
Burial: 21 May 1886, Frogmore Cemetery
Children of WILLIAM OXLEY and SARAH WELLS are:
i. SARAH ANN3 OXLEY, b. 10 Feb 1839, Seaham Raymond Terrace NSW Rg.1471-23A.; d. 03 Jun 1854, Goulburn NSW Rg.2151 (15)
Burial: 04 Jun 1854, St Saviour's C/E Goulburn
Cause of Death: Suicide - by strychnine poison 2. ii. THOMAS OXLEY, b. 1841, Raymond Terrace NSW; d. 11 Aug 1920, 'Wrens Nest' NSW Rg.11382 (82).
3. iii. WILLIAM OXLEY, b. 02 Jan 1844, Parramatta NSW Rg.1138-28; d. 09 Oct 1922, Campbell Street Boorowa NSW Rg.
4. iv. JOHN OXLEY, b. 1845, Parramatta NSW Rg. d. 09 Jun 1942, Cowra District Hospital (84).
5. v. ROBERT OXLEY, b. 05 Jul 1846, Melbourne VICTORIA Rg.3478-31A; d. 18 May 1924, Monteagle St Binalong NSW Rg.9370
vi. ELIZA JANE OXLEY, b. 1849, Baptised St. Peters C/E Melbourne.
6. vii. REBECCA OXLEY, b. 01 Jul 1851, the Ovens District VICTORIA Rg.2326-38A Gulgong; d. 27 Dec 1875, Queanbeyan NSW.
viii. JOSEPH OXLEY, b. 1854, Pomeroy Goulburn NSW Rg.1336-155; d. 18 Nov 1871, Pejar NSW Rg.3659 Goulburn (17). JOSEPH OXLEY:
Joseph was working at Pejar, between Goulburn & Crookwell, as a shepherd with his father, when he caught pneumonia and died aged 17 years.
Burial: C/E Cemetery Pejar 7. ix. MARY ANN OXLEY, b. 01 Mar 1857, Pomeroy Goulburn NSW Rg.6720 C/E; d. 1929, Auburn NSW Rg.477 (71).
8. x. SUSAN ANN OXLEY, b. 20 Sep 1864, 'Springfield' Braidwood NSW Rg.8476; d. 15 May 1960, "Lockhill" Binda NSW (95).
Generation No. 2 2. THOMAS3 OXLEY (WILLIAM2, THOMAS1) was born 1841 in Raymond Terrace NSW, and died 11 Aug 1920 in 'Wrens Nest' NSW Rg.11382 Trunkey (82). He married ANN MCCARTHY 11 Nov 1856 in Goulburn NSW Rg.1417 Carcoar. She was born 1830 in IRELAND, and died 01 Aug 1928 in Balmain South NSW Rg.13878 (98). THOMAS OXLEY:
Burial: 12 Aug 1920, 'Wrens Nest’ Private Cemetery, Tuena NSW ANN MCCARTHY:
Burial: RC Cemetery Rookwood with Susan her daughter
Children of THOMAS OXLEY and ANN MCCARTHY are:
9. i. MARY JANE4 OXLEY, b. 1857, Goulburn NSW Rg.6813; d. 17 Sep 1945, 67 Chisholm Road Auburn (Hearn).
10. ii. ANNA MARIA OXLEY, b. 13 Nov 1858, Goulburn NSW Rg.7369.
iii. HANNAH REBECCA OXLEY, b. 13 Nov 1858, Goulburn NSW Rg.6813.
Baptised: Ss Peter & Paul's RC Goulburn 11. iv. SARAH ANN OXLEY, b. 03 Jul 1860, Kangaloola Creek NSW Rg.6325; d. 20 Aug 1950, Wattle Grove Peelwood (90).
12. v. ELIZABETH'BETSY' OXLEY, b. 1861, Bigga NSW Rg.6920 Goulburn; d. 05 Apr 1907, Junction Point NSW (45).
vi. ROBERT ERNEST OXLEY, b. 1864, Burrowa NSW Rg.7490; d. 18 Apr 1882, Burrowa NSW Rg.6803 Carcoar (18). GOULBURN HERALD Sat 22 4 1882 Robert Oxley
Sad case of drowning Mr and Mrs Thomas Oxley of Bigga have experienced a sad stroke od affliction in the loss of their eldest son, Robert, who was engaged on the other side of the Lachlan River cutting down mountain ash to feed their cattle. After finishing his work he divested himself of his habitments except of his trousers and swam to a large rock half-way across the river to Mrs Hammonds. She noticed him and begged him to go back as the current of the portion yet to be travelled was running strong and which several years ago a relative of hers was drowned. The young man went back and resumed the remainder of his clothing. While on the bank he noticed the river coming down, he then started running to cross to the next place, a large water hole into which he plunged fully clothed with heavy boots, but the poor fellow could not have been long when the flood must have overtaken him, he was subjected to cramps, he was probably seized then and drowned. Thus terminated the life of a young man full of promise, a dutiful, fond, affectionate brother and son, whose amiable disposition had endeared him to a large circle of friends and his premature death will long be keenly felt by his sorrowing disconsolate parents. vii. THOMAS OXLEY, b. 1866, Goulburn NSW Rg.7483.
viii. WILLIAM OXLEY, b. 1868, Bigga NSW Rg.8126 Carcoar, d 05 Dec 1970.
ix. ANNIE OXLEY, b. 1870, Goulburn NSW Rg.8531.
x. SUSAN OXLEY, b. 1872, Burrowa NSW Rg8467; d. 1914, Newtown NSW Rg.610.
Burial: RC Cemetery Rookwood with her mother
xi. CHARLOTTE OXLEY, b. 1872, Burrowa NSW Rg.8468; d. 1876, Burrowa NSW Rg.5556 Carcoar.
13. xii. JOHN JOSEPH OXLEY, b. 1874, Carcoar NSW Rg.9361; d. 17 Aug 1944, Wattle Grove Laggan NSW Rg.16309 (70).