Godwin md 1020 Githa; he d 1053; was an English Statesman. His parentage is uncertain, but thought to be a son of Wulfnoth who was a son of Ethelmer who was a son of Ethelric. Godwin became chief adviser to King Canute; was made earl of Wessex, and was given great wealth and lands. After Canute's death, Godwin and King Canute's widow, Queen Emma (of Normandy), supported the claims of the throne of her son by Canute, Harthacanute, against those of Harold Harefoot, Canute's son by AElgifu of Northampton. Godwin apparently permitted the murder of another claimant to the throne, Alfred AEtheling, son of Queen Emma by her first husband, AEthelred II, and brother of Edward (later Edward the Confessor). This brutality seems to have earned him the enmity of Harthacanute and of Edward, who succeeded Harthacanute. The king married Godwin's daughter in 1045 and Godwin was the most powerful earl in England.
Child of GODWIN MD GITHA is:
2. i. HAROLD2 I?.
Generation No. 2 2. HAROLD2 I? (GODWIN MD1 GITHA) He married EDITH SWANNASCHELLS.
Notes for HAROLD I?:
Harold, b 1022? d 1066, King of England, rival of William I (William the Conqueror). Harold was the son of Godwin, earl of Wessex. He belonged to the most powerful noble family of England in the reign of EDWARD THE CONFESSOR. Through Godwin's rise, Harold was made earl of a part of East Anglia. The fall of Godwin in 1051 however, involved the family and all went into exile. Harold went to Ireland where he recruited a strong force and brought it to the English coast. In 1053 he joined his father and brothers in the expedition against England. Godwin recovered power and Harold was restored to his old earldom. He was not as high in the favor of the king as was his brother, Tostig, but his succession in the earldom of Wessex and to great estates at his father's death made Harold the most powerful figure in England except the king, and Harold aspired to become heir to the throne. Harold gained some glory by a great campaign against the Welsh leader, Gruffyd Ap Llywelyn in 1062-63. About this time Harold, on a ship in the English Channel was driven by an adverse wind to the coast of Ponthieu. The count of Ponthieu seized him but was, as William's vassal, forced to surrender Harold to William of Normandy. Harold was compelled to take an oath to support William's candidacy to the English throne, and also agreed to marry William's daughter. Returning to England, Harold renounced his oath as one of coercion. When the Northumbrians revolted against Harold's brother Tostig (made earl of Northumbria in 1055), and chose Morkere in his place as earl of Northumbria, Harold took Morkere's part. The family was thus divided when EDWARD THE CONFESSOR died, naming Harold as heir instead of Edgar Atheling. Harold succeeded to the throne also as the choice of the council. William of Normandy immediately undertook an invasion. At the same time, Tostig, with Harold III of Normandy, invaded England from the north. Harold went north and soundly defeated them on 25 Sep 1066 at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, in which both Tostig and Harold III were slain. The harassed king hurried south to oppose William who had landed at Pevensey. Harold established his forces in hastily built earthworks near Hastings. They fought valiantly but were finally put to rout and Harold himself was killed.
The recorded Norwood history begins at the time of William The Conqueror. The romance of King Harold of England and Edith Swannaschells lasted all their lives. When King Harold was killed by William in the Battle of Hastings on 14 Oct 1066, it was Edith who recognized him among the dead. Alnod Cilt (aka Jordanus de Scapeia), of Swedish and Danish descent, the reputed oldest son of King Harold and Edith, took refuge with his mother at Minster Abbey on the Isle of Sheppey during the reign of William. The Isle of Sheppey is north of Kent, near the mouth of the Thames River. It is about ten and one half miles long from east to west and about five miles wide from north to south. It is low lying, just above sea level, very fertile and most of it is treeless. There is a small strip of timber on the north side. In the north center of the island is an elevation of about two hundred feet. The island is separated from the mainland by the river today. The prong that separates it is called Swale. The island received it's name from the fact that many sheep were raised there as they are today. The name, Jordanus, or Jordan, is thought to have been assumed after a pilgrimage to the Holy Land where he bathed in the River Jordan.
Child of HAROLD I? and EDITH SWANNASCHELLS is:
3. i. ALNOD CILT JORDANUS3 DE SHEPPEY, b. 1042; d. 1126.