Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts Waste Technology and Innovation Study


Applicability of Technologies to Local Contexts



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Applicability of Technologies to Local Contexts


When assessing the applicability of technologies to the local context, consideration must be given not only to the particular local situation but also the associated collection and disposal systems. Solutions should be thought of in terms of integrating collection, processing and disposal systems. To that end, a simplistic model for integrated municipal systems is suggested below.

Table 21 Suggested models for integrated municipal systems



Situation

Characteristics

Collection

Processing

Disposal

Inner City

Medium to high density housing, small land size, narrow streets and lanes, little storage space for bins, small or no gardens, low per household population, close to established markets and processing, viable quantities.

Two bin kerbside collection system, MSW and recyclables

MBT with anaerobic digestion for MWS, MRF for recyclables

Residual low grade compost for land rehabilitation or daily cover

Suburban

Low to medium density housing, large land size with gardens, wide streets, large suburbs, higher per household population, close to established markets and processing facilities, viable quantities.

Three bin kerbside collection system, mixed food and garden organics, recyclables and residual

Organics to aerobic processing facility, recyclables to MRF, residual to waste to energy facility

Residual to landfill

Three bin kerbside collection system, garden organics, recyclables and residual including food

Green waste to aerobic composting, recyclables to MRF, residual to anaerobic facility

Residual to landfill

Regional Cities

Low density housing, large land size with gardens, wide streets, high distance to established market for recyclables, low distance to regional processing facilities, viable quantities, close to agricultural market.

Three bin kerbside collection system, mixed food and garden organics, recyclables and residual

Organics bin to regional aerobic processing, recyclables to MRF, residual to waste to energy facility

Residual to landfill. Valuable separated recyclables to market, others monofilled

Three bin kerbside collection system, garden organics, recyclables and residual including food

Organics to regional aerobic composting, recyclables to MRF, residual to anaerobic facility

Residual to landfill. Valuable separated recyclables to market, others monofilled

Rural Settlements

Very low density housing, large land size with gardens, wide streets, high distance to established market, medium distance to regional processing facilities, quantities not viable.

Bank-of-bins system at central location for residual. Drop off at transfer stations for recyclables.

Home compost food and garden waste. Recyclables to MRF.

Residual bin to landfill. Valuable separated recyclables to market, others monofilled





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