Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts Waste Technology and Innovation Study


Tables Table 1 Waste generation and diversion rates for the main states of Australia 2006-07 7



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Tables

Table 1 Waste generation and diversion rates for the main states of Australia 2006-07 7

Table 2 Per capita waste generation and diversion rates for main states of Australia 2006-07 8



Table 3 Recycling rates by type of waste, by region (Source Hyder, 2008) 9

Table 4 Estimated amount of organic and other material disposed of to landfill, Australia, 2006-07 10

Table 5 Streamlined Financial Performance Assessment 22

Table 6 Social Performance – Streamlined Assessment 24

Table 7 Technical Performance – Streamlined Assessment 27

Table 8 Energy benefits from recycling 30

Table 9 Water and greenhouse gas emissions savings from recycling 32

Table 10 Energy benefits from source reduction 32

Table 11 Greenhouse gas emissions 34

Table 12 Energy balance factors 35

Table 13 Paper waste (office paper) definition - priority assessment matrix 36

Table 14 Technology types to be assessed - Mixed waste streams 38

Table 15 Comparative Calorific Value of Fuels 51

Table 16 Possible Electricity Generation 51

Table 17 Comparison of technologies used for municipal waste streams in Australia – (1) 63

Table 18 Comparison of technologies used for municipal waste streams in Australia – (2) 65

Table 19 Comparison of technologies used for Municipal waste streams in Europe and North America – (1) 68

Table 20 Comparison of technologies used for Municipal waste streams in Europe and North America – (2) 69

Table 21 Suggested models for integrated municipal systems 105

Figures

Figure 1 Strategic Framework for Waste Management 15

Figure 2 Examples of BioBins 46

Figure 3 Examples of continuous-flow vermiculture unit 47

Figure 4 On-site in vessel composting units 48

Figure 5 Typical MBT process 52

Figure 6 An agitated bay system showing the bay full of compost and the turner at one end 56

Figure 7 Agitated bay system showing bays empty of compost 57

Figure 8 Stored bales of waste 61

Figure 9 Bales of waste loaded into a truck 62

Figure 10 Open windrow composting 77

Figure 11 Windrow composting using a windrow turner 78

Figure 12 An optical sorting unit above a conveyor 83

Figure 13 Diagram showing how an optical sorting unit scans and separates materials 84

Figure 14 BOB the Big Oversized Blender 91





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