Much of this report deals with technological innovation. That is not to say that there has not been anything new outside technological advances, but it is clear from the research done for this project that much faith and many resources are being invested in technological solutions to waste management problems.
On the non-technological side, many “innovations” are variations of existing systems or programs. Cash back programs for e-waste are a variation of deposit systems in use for drink containers for more than 40 years. Genuine non-technological innovation is in fact related to technological innovation and takes the form, in some cases, of new legislative and regulatory regimes to both encourage and control the construction and operation of waste processing facilities or resource recovery schemes.