Department of social sciences sociological analysis

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Sociological Analysis

Module Number: 36043





Module number: 36043

Credit Rating: 20

Level: 4 (YEAR 1)

Pre-requisites: None Co-requisites: None Barred Combinations: None

Unit Co-ordinator and Lecturer: Dr Michael Drake

Module Tutors: Personal supervisors
Outline and Key Aims:

This module shows how sociological theory can be used to make sense of and to explain social problems and trends. By focusing on a range of current issues, the module introduces different approaches in sociological analysis, and enables you to discuss these as contending or complementary frameworks for thinking about society, in addition to discussion of the particular issues covered by the module. The lectures will provide an overview of each issue and of each framework of sociological analysis, to inform your reading and seminar and tutorial discussion. By contrasting different approaches, you will be encouraged to think in terms of major debates in sociological analysis eg. structure/agency, micro/macro, modernity/postmodernity.

The sociological approaches introduced on the unit are: consensus and conflict theories of modern society, micro-social perspectives, feminist and poststructuralist theories of social identity, and theories of modernity and postmodernity. The issues and themes to be discussed include: social integration and suicide, capitalism and work, surveillance and deviance, social exclusion and teenage motherhood, violence and the media.
In reading, note-taking, planning and research of your own for tutorials and essays, you will be developing core Study Skills for your degree programme in an active learning context.

Learning outcomes:

  • understanding of distinctive social features of modernity and postmodernity and of the changing relationship between the individual and society

  • knowledge of key theoretical frameworks for the analysis of modern and postmodern society

  • understanding of some of the different ways that sociological theory can be used as a framework for social research

  • awareness of some theoretical and methodological issues in contemporary sociology

  • knowledge of key debates and classical theoretical frameworks in sociology

  • understanding of the relationship between theory and evidence in sociology

Teaching and Learning Strategy/Methods:

11 x 1 hour lectures will provide an overview of each issue and of each framework of sociological analysis (weeks 2-12)

10 x 1 hour seminar/tutorials in which students will discuss the issues and ideas informed by lectures and their reading (weeks 2-11)
Attendance requirements:

In this module you are expected to attend all lectures and all seminar/tutorials, prepared by essential reading from the recommended textbook and the Reading Pack. Lectures and seminars/tutorials begin in week 2.

You are reminded that according to the University’s Undergraduate Programme Regulations:

“A student who has not satisfied the attendance requirements as specified in the Module Catalogue, or the deadlines for submission of coursework as published from time to time by the Sub-Faculty Unit [department] may:

(i) be excluded from the assessments for the Module, or

(ii) have his/her programme of study terminated”

Assessment strategy

Module Assessment

1 x 2,000-word essay due by 12 noon Tuesday 24th November 2009 (feedback before Xmas vac.)

1 x 2,500-word essay, due by 12 noon Tuesday 19th January 2010


Through the assessment, you will show:

- ability to differentiate between major theoretical approaches in sociology

- understanding of points of contrast and comparison between different frameworks of sociological analysis

- understanding of how sociological theory provides a framework for enquiry into contemporary social issues

- understanding of the relationship between theory and evidence in sociology

- your development of study skills

For essay-writing skills, see:

- Department of Social Science Student Handbook 2008, Study Guide

- University Study Advice Service, Academic Writing and Study Skills, at:

- McIntosh, I. and Punch, S. Get Set for Sociology Ch 14: Essay-writing skills

Make sure that you are not accused of plagiarism by referencing correctly and clearly indicating any direct quotation in your essays.
Lecturer’s contact number and email:

Dr Michael Drake, Wilberforce 263, Tel: 01482 465770 (

If you have any difficulties regarding the unit, please do not hesitate to contact staff, as we are here to help.


TurnitinUK is a software system which is widely used across the higher education system in the UK. It is designed to assist with the identification of plagiarism.

TurnitinUK compares essays against a number of sources and produces a report indicating the extent to which the essay matches these sources. Markers are then required to consider the matches indicated to ensure that where the work of others has been used it has been appropriately referenced.

When submitting work for assessment, you will be expected to provide hard copy AND electronic copy of your essay. Prior to submitting the hard copy of your essay, you must submit an electronic copy of your work. You must do this within the 5 days prior to the hard copy submission deadline indicated in your module handbook. Your electronic submission must be an exact copy of the hard copy. You must not alter your work in any way. Submission of non-identical copies of your essay may be deemed to constitute use of unfair means and will be dealt with accordingly.
To submit the electronic copy of your essay you should proceed as follows:

  • Go to

  • Click User Login

  • Log in by entering your university e-mail address and the Turnitin password which has been e-mailed to your university e-mail account by TurnitinUK

  • This will take you to your TurnitinUK homepage on which is listed the modules for which you are registered this semester

  • Click the title of the module for which you wish to submit an essay

  • Click the icon which appears in the submit column

  • Enter a submission title, attach the file that contains your essay and click submit

  • Check that you have submitted the correct essay for this module and then click yes submit then go to the file (top left of screen) and print

  • You may now either exit TurnitinUK or click the my classes button at the top of the screen if you have further essays to submit

  • Please note that it is your responsibility to check that you have submitted the correct version of your essay and that it corresponds to the hard copy you have submitted.

  • Please check that the receipt attached to the hard copy is the correct essay.

Following submission of your essay TurnitinUK will send an e-mail receipt to your university e-mail address this may sometimes take time to come through hence the reason to print at bullet point 8 above.

2 x Hard copies of your essay should be handed into the Departmental Office with the receipt form attached. Failure to submit the essay and the attached TurnitinUK receipt form will result in the application of the Departmental lateness policy (see programme handbook). The department will NOT accept hard copy assignments unless the TurnitinUK receipt form is attached.
Essay Deadlines:

1 x 2,000-word essay due by 12 noon Tuesday 24th November 2009 (feedback before Xmas vacation)

1 x 2,500-word essay, due by 12 noon Tuesday 19th January 2010

Weekly lectures will introduce some of the main sociological theories, explaining how they have been applied to the social issues covered by the module. Lectures are intended as a guide for independent study. You should take notes from what the lecturer says as well as downloading the lecture notes from eBridge. (See also: McIntosh, I. and Punch, S. Get Set for Sociology (2005), Ch 12: Getting the Most From Lectures)

An introductory seminar/tutorial in week 2 will provide an opportunity for introductions, questions about the module, and will establish general principles for seminar/tutorial work throughout the semester.
Seminars (also sometimes called tutorials) are opportunities for you to test your own understanding and to explore ideas in discussion, by responding to and asking questions. This will help to ensure that you understand the ideas and issues introduced in the unit. You are expected to prepare for tutorials by reading (at a minimum) the week’s essential reading (details below) from the recommended textbook and via the links on the module eBridge site, and by thinking about the questions that are provided as a framework for further discussion of the issues and ideas.
The effectiveness of seminars and tutorials depends on your active preparation and participation. They are also an opportunity to reflect on and share your development of study skills. (See also McIntosh, I. and Punch, S. Get Set for Sociology (2005), Ch 13: Getting the Best from Workshops)


For each week, you are expected to read at least the relevant section from the Reading Pack and the relevant chapters from the textbook, indicated below as essential reading.
Your reading can be guided by the seminar questions, but you are encouraged to formulate your own evaluation of the ideas and issues and to develop further questions from your reading. The list for further reading is provided as an initial guide and is not exhaustive; you should use the opportunity of this module to learn to explore the full resources of the University Library. (See also: McIntosh, I. and Punch, S. Get Set for Sociology (2005), Ch 11: Reading and Resources)
Additionally, online resources are listed which you may find useful, but these are not an adequate an substitute for lectures, seminars and printed sources (academic periodicals or journals are printed sources that are often now also available online).
Essential reading:

Crow, G. The Art of Sociological Argument (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)

Plus free essential readings from primary sources available via links on eBridge

McIntosh, I. and Punch, S. Get Set for Sociology (2005)

Because of the numbers of students involved on core modules, you cannot depend on the Library for access to these text books.


Week 2 seminar/tutorial: introductions

Week 2 Lecture:

Why sociology? I – Durkheim on suicide, modernity and social integration

Essential reading

Durkheim, Emile, (1897) From Suicide: A Study in Sociology, in Emirbayer, Mustafa (ed.) (2003) Emile Durkheim: Sociologist of Modernity (pp.32-49) Oxford: Blackwell

AND Crow, G. The Art of Sociological Argument (2005), Chapter 3, ‘Emile Durkheim: Sociology as the identification of social facts’

Week 3 seminar/tutorial questions:

  1. What does Durkheim mean when he writes, “…statistical data expresses the suicidal tendency with which each society is collectively afflicted” (Suicide, p 34) ?

  2. Why does Durkheim consider individual causes of suicide to be sociologically irrelevant?

  3. Identify and distinguish between Durkheim’s application of key concepts in this reading, ie egoisitic, anomic, altruistic and fatalistic suicide.

  4. Could Durkheim’s analysis of the social suicide rate be applied to other phenomena?

  5. How can you deal with unfamiliar words or phrases in academic reading, or with parts of a reading that you do not understand?

Further reading

Durkheim, E. (ed. Giddens) Selected Writings (1972).

Fenton, S., R. Reiner and I. Hamnett, Durkheim and Modern Sociology (1984)

Giddens, A. Durkheim (1978)

Lee, D. and H. Newby, The Problem of Sociology (1983), Part Six: ‘Industrial Society as Organic Solidarity - Durkheim, the division of labour and moral science’

Lukes, S. Emile Durkheim: His Life and Work (1973), Chapter 9: ‘Suicide’

Nisbet, R. The Sociology of Emile Durkheim (1975)

O’Connell Davidson, J. and Layder, D. (eds) Methods, Sex and Madness (1994), Chapter 3: ‘Official Statistics and Social Research’, pp 61-82

Pampel, F.C. Sociological Lives and Ideas (2000), Chapter 2, ‘The Problem of Social Order: Emile Durkheim and Morality in Modern Societies’

Pope, W. ‘Emile Durkheim’, in Stones, R. (ed.) Key Sociological Thinkers (1998)

Slater, D. ‘Using offical statistics’, Chapter 15 in Seale, C. (ed.) Researching Society and Culture (1998)

Taylor, S. Durkheim and the Study of Suicide (1982)

Thompson, K. Emile Durkheim (1982)
Relevant websites:

From Lewis A. Coser, Masters of Sociological Thought: Ideas in Historical and Social Context, 2nd Ed. (1977), ed. By Larry R. Ridener (Dept of Sociology, Radford University), Dead Sociologists Index: Durkheim, at:

From Thompson, K., Emile Durkheim (1982), on L. Joe Dunman, The Emile Durkheim Archive, at:

Guha, R., ‘The sociology of suicide’, India Together (2004), at:

UK suicide rates (Office for National Statistics: ONS):

EU suicide rates (Statistical Office of the European Communities: Eurostat):

Week 3 Lecture:

Why sociology? II - Marx on class, capitalism and conflict

Essential Reading

Chambliss, William, (1976) ‘Marx and Durkheim on crime’, in Chambliss, William J and Mankoff, Milton (eds.) Whose Law, What Order?  A conflict approach to criminology, (pp.3-7) New York: John Wiley and Sons

AND Crow, G. The Art of Sociological Argument (2005), Chapter 2: ‘Karl Marx: Sociology as radical criticism’

Week 4 seminar/tutorial questions

  1. Why do Durkheimians see crime as ‘functional’ for society and how does that contrast to the Marxist view?

  2. Identify the distinct points on which Chambliss compares and contrasts the two analytical frameworks.

  3. What does Marx mean by commodification, and what effects does it have on individuals and on society?

  4. What did Marx mean by ‘alienation’?

  5. Could Chambliss’ comparison of Marx and Durkheim be summarised in tabular form?

Further reading

Bottomore, T. Classes in Modern Society (1965)

Craib, I. Classical Social Theory; An introduction to the thought of Marx, Weber, Durkheim and Simmel (1997)

Fischer, E. (ed.) Marx in his own words (1970)

Fulcher, J. and Scott, J., Sociology (2007), Ch Industrial capitalism, pp 671-691, Class society, pp 786-800

Giddens, A. Sociology (2009), Ch 19 Crime and Deviance, pp 935 - 955

Hughes, J.A., P.J.Martin and W.W. Sharrock, Understanding Classical Sociology: Marx, Weber, Durkheim (1995)

Jessop, B. ‘Karl Marx’, in Stones, R. (ed.) Key Sociological Thinkers (1998)

Lee, D. and Newby, H. The Problem of Sociology: An introduction to the discipline (1983), Part Four: Industrial society as capitalist society: Marx and Marxism

Lefebvre, H. The Sociology of Marx (1968), Chapter 1: Marxist Thought and Sociology

McIntosh, I. and Punch, S. Get Set for Sociology (2005), Ch 3: Sociological Imaginations

Mommsen, W.J. ‘Capitalism and Socialism: Weber’s dialogue with Marx’, in The Polity Reader in Social Theory (1994)

Marx, K. (eds. Bottomore, T. and Rubel, M), Selected Writings in Sociology and Social Philosophy (1963)

Marx, K. and F. Engels, The Communist Manifesto (multiple editions avaliable)

McLellan, D. Marx (1975)

Pampel, F.C. Sociological Lives and Ideas (2000), Chapter 1: The Sources of Human Misery: Karl Marx and the Centrality of Class

Relevant websites:

The Marx-Engels Internet Archive, at:

Coser, L.A. ‘Class Theory’, from Masters of Sociological Thought: Ideas in Historical and Social Context, 2nd ed. (1977), pp. 48-50, at:

Week 4 lecture:

Why sociology? III - the individual and society in the new capitalism

Essential Reading

Sennett, Richard, (1998) Chapter 4:  ‘Illegible’, from The Corrosion of Character: The personal consequences of work in the new capitalism, (pp.64-75) New York: Norton
Week 5 seminar/tutorial questions

  1. What changes have there been to social identities in the bakery between Sennett’s research visits?

  2. Is Marx’s theory of alienation still relevant to work in the ‘new capitalism’ as represented by the bakery in Sennett’s research?

  3. Can Sennett’s concept of ‘fluid’ identities be applied to other settings and other identities than those in this study?

  4. What other evidence would we need to generalise from Sennett’s findings in this chapter about the changing nature of work in society?

  5. In what ways did the lecture help you to understand this reading?

Further Reading

Allen, J. ‘Post-industrialism and post-Fordism’, in Hall, S., Held and Mcgrew, Modernity and Its Futures (1992)

Bilton, T. et al (eds) Introductory Sociology (1996), Chapter 7: The New Dynamics of Class

Cohen, R. and Kennedy, P. Global Sociology (2007), Chapter 4: The Changing World of Work

Esping-Andersen, G. Changing Classes: Stratification and Mobility in Post-Industrial Societies (1993), Chapter 9: Mobility regimes and Class Formation

Fulcher, J. and Scott, J., Sociology (2007): The transformation of work, pp691-712

Giddens, A. Sociology (2009) Chapter 20: Work and Economic Life

Harrison, E. ‘Work, employment and unemployment’, in Spybey, T. (ed.) Britain in Europe: An Introduction to Sociology (1997)

Morgan, G. ‘Work and Organizations’, in S. Taylor (ed.) Sociology: Issues and Debates (1999)

McIntosh, I. and Punch, S. Get Set for Sociology (2005), Ch 6: The Changing Society

Miles. S. Social Theory in the Real World (2001), Ch 3: A post-industrial society?

Ritzer, G. ‘McDonaldization and Globalization’, in Ballard, C. Gubbay and Middleton (eds) The Student’s Companion to Sociology (1997)

Ritzer, G. The McDonaldization of society : an investigation into the changing character of contemporary social life (1993)

Sennett, R. The Culture of the New Capitalism (2006) (Introduction at:

Sennett, R. and J. Cobb,The Hidden Injuries of Class (1972)
Relevant websites

Dörre, K.(2006) ‘Precarity – the Causes and Effects of Insecure Employment’, Work, Future of Work, Precarity, The Placement Generation (Goethe-Institut), at:


Week 5 lecture:

Why sociology? IV – The micro-social construction of social problems

Essential Reading

Goffman, Erving, (1961), ‘The moral career of a mental patient’, from Asylums: Essays on the social situation of mental patients and other inmates, in Pontell, H N (ed.) (2002) Social Deviance:  Readings in theory and research, (pp.463-475) Upper Saddle River (NJ): Prentice Hall

AND Crow, G. The Art of Sociological Argument (2005), Chapter 7: ‘Erving Goffman: Sociology as an eye for detail’

Week 6 seminar/tutorial questions

  1. What is a ‘moral career’?

  2. Could we apply that concept to other categories of deviance?

  3. What is the effect of this process on the patient’s sense of self?

  4. Why is the ‘case record’ important in the moral career of the mental patient? What would be its equivalent in some comparable situations?

  5. How can we trace the analysis Goffman makes of the process he describes?

Further Reading

Aggleton, P. Deviance (1987)

Becker, H. Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance (1963/1973)

Becker, H. ‘Labelling Theory Reconsidered’, in eds. Rock, P. and McIntosh, M., Deviance and Social Control (1974)

Burns, T. Erving Goffman (1992)

Collins, R. ‘Erving Goffman on ritual and solidarity in social life’, in Ditton, J. (ed.) The View from Goffman (1980)

Giddens, A. Sociology (2009), Chapter 21: ‘Crime and Deviance’

Goffman, E. Asylums: Essays on the situation of the mental patient and other inmates (1968)

Keating, M. ‘American sociology and the interactive self’, Chapter 6 in Marsh, I. (ed,) Theory and Practice in Sociology (2002).

Lemert, C. and Branaman, E. (eds.) The Goffman Reader (1997)

Macionis, J. and Plummer, K. Sociology : A global introduction (2008) Ch 7: Micro-sociology: The social construction of everyday life

McIntosh, I. and Punch, S. Get Set for Sociology (2005), Ch 8: The Problematic Society

Scheff, T.J. Being Mentally Ill: A sociological theory (1966/1992) (Preface and Chapter 1 at: )

Scheff, T.J. ‘The labelling theory of mental illness’ American Sociological Review 1974, 39(3): pp 444-52

Smith, G. Erving Goffman (2006)

Sumner, C. The Sociology of Deviance; An obituary (1994), Ch 9: The labelling perspective and the flowering of social science

Williams, R. ‘Erving Goffman’, in Stones, R. (ed.) Key Sociological Thinkers (1998).
Relevant websites

Freidson, E. ‘Celebrating Erving Goffman’, Contemporary Sociology, 12 (4) 1983, at:

Week 6 Lecture:

Sociology of social control: Discipline, surveillance and discourse

Essential Reading

Foucault, Michel, (1975) Chapter 3: ‘Panopticism’, in Foucault, Michel, translated by Alan Sheridan (1991) Discipline and Punish: The birth of the prison, (pp.195-209) Harmondsworth: Penguin

AND Crow, G. The Art of Sociological Argument (2005), Chapter 8: ‘Michel Foucault: Sociology as shocking’

Week 7 seminar/tutorial questions

  1. What does the Panopticon combine from the different techniques used by the authorities to deal with lepers and with plague?

  2. How does the Panopticon produce power?

  3. What other areas of modern life are subject to disciplinary apparatuses of the kind Foucault describes in this chapter?

  4. How do disciplinary apparatuses produce knowledge?

  5. The style of this reading is different to others you have read so far for this module. What methods can you use to trace the author’s argument?

Further Reading

Barth, L. ‘Michel Foucault’, Ch 19 in in Stones, R. (ed.) Key Sociological Thinkers (1998)

Bauman, Z. ‘Is there life after the Panopticon?’, in Globalization: The Human Consequences (1998), pp 48-54

Clarke, J. and Cochrane, A. ‘The Social Construction of Social Problems’, Chapter 1 in Saraga, E. (ed.) Embodying the Social: Constructions of Difference (1998)

Danaher, G., Schirato, T. and Webb, J., Understanding Foucault (2000)

Fulcher, J. and Scott, J., Sociology (2007): ‘Understanding Bodies’, pp 276-281,and Ch 14: Organization, management and control

Gutting, G. Foucault: A very short introduction (2005)

Lyon, D. ‘Surveillance after September 11, 2001’, in K. Ball and F. Webster (eds) The Intensification of Surveillance (2003), also at Privacy Lecture Series 2001:

O’Farrell, C. Michel Foucault (2005)

Rabinow, P. (ed) The Foucault Reader (1991)

Smart, B. Michael Foucault (1988)

Wood, D. (ed.) ‘Foucault and Panopticism Revisited’, Surveillance and Society, 1(3) 2003, at:

Relevant websites

Gutting, Gary ‘Michel Foucault’, in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, at:

O’Farrell, Claire, Foucault resources, at:

Pakosz, Reginald and Fayaz Chagani, ‘The Carceral Society’, at:

Felluga, Dino. “Modules on Foucault: On Panoptic and Carceral Society” Introductory Guide to Critical Theory, at:
Week 7 lecture

Why sociology? IV: Feminism, sociology and the problem of identity

Essential reading

Crow, G. The Art of Sociological Argument (2005), Chapter 9: ‘Ann Oakley: Sociology as emancipation’
Week 8 seminar/tutorial questions

  1. Should sociologists try to eliminate their own personal, subjective point of view from their studies? And why (or why not)?

  2. What is ‘work’? And who decides?

  3. How does Oakley’s analysis of gender relations challenge Durkheimian and Marxist analyses of modern society?

  4. Do we still need feminism today

  5. Bring to the seminar some recent magazine advertisements which represent gender identities today. Discuss what changes these suggest in society since the time that Oakley developed her feminist social science perspective in the 1970s.

Further reading

Abbot, P. and Wallace, C., An Introduction to Sociology: Feminist Perspectives (1997)

Abbot, P. and Ackers, L. ‘Women, paid employment and equal opportunity’, in Spybey, T. (ed.) Britain in Europe; An introduction to Sociology (1997)

Bauman, Z. Identities (2004)

Bilton, T. et al (eds) Introductory Sociology (1996), Chapter 8: Gender Relations

Bottero, W. and Irwin, S., ‘Locating difference: class, 'race' and gender, and the shaping of social inequalities’, Sociological Review 2003, 51(4).

Cohen, R. and Kennedy, P. Global Sociology (2000), Ch 6: Global Inequalities: gender, race and class

Delamont, S., Feminist Sociology (2003).

Giddens, A., Sociology (2009) Chapter14: Sexuality and Gender

McIntosh, I. and Punch, S. Get Set for Sociology (2005), Ch 7: The Divided Society

Oakley, A. Sex, Gender and Society (1974)

Oakley, A. The Ann Oakley Reader: Gender, Women and Social Science (2005)

Raisborough, J., ‘Feminist theory: a question of difference’, Chapter 8 in Marsh, I. (ed,) Theory and Practice in Sociology (2002).

Snydie, R.A. ‘Sex and the sociological fathers’, in Marshall, B.M. and Witz, A. Engendering the Social: Feminist encounters with sociological theory (2004)

Walby, S., Theorizing Patriarchy (1990), Chapter 1: Introduction

Warren, T., ‘Class and Gender Based Working Time? Time. Poverty and the Division of Domestic Labour’, Sociology 2003, 37(4)..

Wise, S. and Stanley, L., ‘Looking back and looking forward: some recent feminist sociology reviewed’, Sociological Research Online, 2001, 8.3

Witz, A. ‘The Feminist Challenge’, in Ballard, C. Gubbay and Middleton (eds) The Student’s Companion to Sociology (1997)

Relevant websites

Anna-Kate, ‘Feminist progress: undermined by the media?’ (January 2009), at:

Week 8 no lecture - essay deadline Tuesday week 9

Essential reading

Arai, L. ‘Low expectations, sexual attitudes and knowledge: explaining teenage pregnancy and fertility in English communities. Insights from qualitative research’, Sociological Review 2003, 51(2), pp 199-217 (from link on eBridge)
Week 9 seminar/tutorial questions

  1. What other factors correlate with UK teenage motherhood rates? What conclusions can we draw from such correlations?

  2. How does Arai explain the assumptions of conventional approaches to this issue and why might their viewpoint create problems for policy objectives?

  3. Why does Arai undertake qualitative interviews to collect her data, rather than using a survey questionnaire?

  4. Do Arai’s research conclusions challenge the feminist project for women’s emancipation set out by Ann Oakley?

  5. Does Arai maintain an entirely objective view, or does she draw normative conclusions in this essay?

Further reading

Bryant, L. and J. Chandler, ‘Families in Europe’, Chapter 10 of Spybey, T. (ed.) Britain in Europe : An Introduction to Sociology (1997)

Graham, H. and McDermott, E., ‘Qualitative research and the evidence base of policy: insights from studies of teenage mothers in the UK’, Journal of Social Policy 2006, 35(1)

Hobcraft, J and Kiernan, K., ‘Childhood poverty, early motherhood and adult social exclusion’, British Journal of Sociology, 2001, 52(3)

Hunt, S. The Life Course: A sociological introduction (2005), Chapter 6: ‘Relationships, Sexualities and Family Life’.

Kidger, J. ‘Stories of redemption? Teenage mothers as the new sex educators’, Sexualities, 2005, 8(4)

Macionis, J. and K. Plummer, Sociology: A Global Introduction (2008), Ch 18: Families, Households and Personal Cultures.

Oakley, A. Becoming a Mother (1979)

Robson, K. and Berthoud, R., ‘Teenage motherhood in Europe: a multi-country analysis of socioeconomic outcomes’, European Sociological Review, 2003, 19(5)

Wilson, H. and Huntington, A., ‘Deviant (m)others: the construction of teenage motherhood in contemporary discourse’, Journal of Social Policy, 2006 35(1)

Relevant websites

Department for Children, Schools and Families: Every Child Matters, ‘About the Teenage Pregnancy Strategy’, at:
Week 9 lecture:

Postmodernity as social fragmentation: What’s happened to ‘the social’?

Essential reading

Thompson, Kenneth, (1992) Chapter 5: ‘Social pluralism and postmodernity’, in Hall, Stuart,  Held, David and McGrew, Tony (eds.) Modernity and its Futures , (pp.221-255) Cambridge: Polity Press/the Open University
Week 10 seminar/tutorial questions:

  1. What is postmodernism and what are its implications for sociological studies?

  2. What are the cultural, economic, political and social dimensions of postmodernity?

  3. What went wrong with the modern project for a planned society?

  4. Bring some examples of recent print media to the tutorial and discuss whether they illustrate or contradict Thompson’s explanation of postmodern culture and society.

Further reading

Bauman, Z. Intimations of Postmodernity (1992)

Bilton, T. et al (eds) Introductory Sociology (1996), Chapter 3: Globalisation and Modernity

Hall, S. et al, (eds) Modernity and its Futures (1992)

Jones, D. ‘Contemporary theorising: postmodernism’, Chapter 7 in I. Marsh (ed,) Theory and Practice in Sociology (2002)

Lyon, D. Postmodernity (1994)

Macionis, J. and K. Plummer, Sociology: A Global Introduction (2008), Ch 26: Living in the Twenty-First Century

Miles, S. Social Theory in the Real World (2001), Ch 5: A post-modern society?

Papson, S. ‘Mr Faust meets Mr Bateman: Mapping Post-modernity’, Chapter 14 in Ballard, C., Gubbay, J. and Middleton, C. The Student’s Companion to Sociology (1997)

Seidman, S. Contested Knowledge: Social theory in the postmodern era (1998)

Smart, B. Modern Conditions, Postmodern Controversies (1992)

Smart, B. Postmodernity (1993)

Relevant websites

Bauman, Z. And Milena Yakimova, ‘A Postmodern grid of the worldmap?’, at:

John Lea, ‘Criminology and Postmodernism’, at:

The SocioSite Project (Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Amsterdam),

Burke,B. ‘Post-modernism and postmodernity’, the encyclopaedia of informal education (2000), at:

Week 10 lecture:

The individual, identity and society – late, postmodern, or liquid ?

Essential reading

King, A. ‘The postmodernity of football hooliganism’, British Journal of Sociology 1997, 48 (4), pp. 576-593 (from link on eBridge)

Week 11 seminar/tutorial questions:

  1. What is ‘liminality’ and how is it relevant to the study of football hooliganism?

  2. How does postmodernity affect social identity?

  3. What is the role of the media in the social construction of the hooligan?

  4. What is postmodern about the masculinity of football hooligans?

  5. This reading draws on a very wide range of theories and concepts. How can we pick out some core arguments without reading up on everything King refers to? In what sense is his approach postmodernist?

Further reading

Armstrong, G. and R.Giulianotti (eds), Fear & Loathing in World Football (2001)

Cohen, S. Folk Devils and Moral Panics (1980)

Cohen, S. and Young, J. The Manufacture of News: Deviance, social problems and the mass media (1973)

Cohen, R. and Kennedy, P. Global Sociology (2000), Ch 13: Consuming culture

Back, L., Crabbe, T. and Solomos, J. The Changing Face of Football: racism, identity and culture in the English game (2001), Ch 8: England fans, race, nation and identity

Bauman, Z. Intimations of Postmodernity (1992)

Bauman, Z. Work, Consumersim and the New Poor (1998)

Bauman, Z. Globalization: The Human Consequences (1998)

Dunning, E. Murphy, P. and Waddington, I. ‘Towards a sociological understanding of football hooliganism as a world phenomenon’, Ch 1 in E. Dunning et al (eds) Fighting Fans: Football hooliganism as a world phenomenon (2002)

Giddens, A., Sociology (2009) Chapter 18: Organizations and Networks

Giddens, A. Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and society in the late modern age (1991)

Kellner, D. Media Culture (1995)

Hall, S. ‘The work of representation’, in Hall, S. (ed.) Representation: Cultural representations and signifying practices (1997)

Giulianotti,R., ‘Social identity and public order’, Ch 2 in Giulianotti,R. Bonney and Hepworth (eds), Football, Violence and Social Identity (1994)

Miles, S. Social Theory in the Real World (2001), Ch 4: A consumer society?

Redhead, S. Post-Fandom and the Millenial Blues: the transformation of soccer culture (1997), Chs 2 and 8.

Turner, V. The Ritual Process: Structure and anti-structure (1969)
Relevant websites

Gauntlet, D. ‘Anthony Giddens: Modernity and Self-Identity’ and ‘The reflexive project of the self’, at:

Kellner, D. ‘Globalization and the Postmodern Turn’, at:
Week 11 lecture

Module overview: the sociological imagination and the craft of writing sociology

Essential reading

Crow, G. The Art of Sociological Argument (2005), Chapter 6: C. Wright Mills: Sociology as an imaginative craft

Further reading

Bilton, T. et al (eds) Introductory Sociology (1996), Ch 1 and Ch 19

Macionis, J. and Plummer, K. Sociology: A Global introduction (2008) Ch1: The Sociological Imagination

Mills, C.W. The Sociological Imagination (1959) Chapter 1: The Promise

Essay deadlines:
1 x 2,000-word essay due by 12 noon Tuesday 24th November 2009 (feedback before Xmas vac.)

1 x 2,500-word essay, due by 12 noon Tuesday 19th January 2010

Essay questions to be announced - see eBridge for this module.

Dr Michael Drake

Lecturer in Sociology and Undergraduate Programme Director for Sociology

Room 263, Wilberforce Building

Dept of Social Sciences,

The University of Hull,

Hull. HU6 7RX.

Tel.: +44 (0)1482 465770

Email: September 2009

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