I. Chicano Liberation Primary source: Corky Gonzales, "What Political Road for the Chicano Militant?" speech, 1969.
Background information: While some Mexican Americans sought to improve their standard of living by fighting for greater economic justice under the leadership of Cesar Chavez (1927–93) (founder of the United Farm Workers of America), Corky Gonzales and other Mexican Americans sought political self-determination for the Chicano people. [ . . . ]
We [Mexican-Americans] have to understand that liberation comes from self-determination, and to start to use the tools of nationalism to win over our barrio brothers, to win over the brothers who are still believing that machismo means getting a gun and going to kill a Communist in Vietnam because they've been jived about the fact that they will be accepted as long as they go get themselves killed for the gringo captain; who still think that welfare is giving them something and don't understand that the one who is administering the welfare is the one that's on welfare, because, about 90 percent of the welfare goes into administration; and who still do not understand that the war on poverty is against the poor, to keep them from reacting. [ . . . ]
Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales, "What Political Road for the Chicano Militant?" The Militant (March 30, 1970), and reprinted in Readings on La Raza: The Twentieth Century, ed. Matt S. Meier and Feliciano Rivera (New York: Hill and Wang, 1974), 246–47.