Defining the Cold War, pp


FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SPENDING (in billions of dollars)



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FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SPENDING (in billions of dollars)

Fiscal Year

National Defense

Social Services

Other

Total Spending

1960

48.1

26.2

17.9

92.2

1966

58.1

43.3

33.1

134.5

1967

71.4

51.3

34.8

157.5

1968

81.9

59.4

36.8

178.1

  • National defense spending increased in the late ‘60s due to increased efforts to defeat communists in Southeast Asia—Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia

  • Social Services spending also dramatically increased during this time due to LBJ’s Great Society programs, which mirrored the government spending engineered by FDR’s __________________________

  • For perspective, today U.S. defense spending is at around 17%




    • The policy of containment led to increased spending in other fiscal areas as well, such as education

      • Congress (and Eisenhower) passed the National Defense Education Act of 1958, which allocated millions of dollars in grants for schools to update their mathematics, science, and technology departments and curriculums and provided low-interest loans for students

      • After the Soviet Union launched Sputnik in 1957 (Sputnik was the first artificial Earth satellite which detected the density of the upper atmosphere), American officials worried that the country was __________________________ behind the Soviets in training scientists and engineers; the government then spent millions on research and development in universities, especially for defense-related projects


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