Defining the Cold War, pp

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Truman Doctrine, 1947

  • Called for [economically/militarily] supporting countries that __________________________ communism

  • Said that the future of the “free world” was in America’s hands

  • Caused great __________________________

    • Some objected to American interference in other nations’ affairs

    • Some objected to the leaders that were given U.S. money; some were harsh and repressive

    • Some asked: could the U.S. afford to carry on a global crusade against communism?

  • Congress authorized approximately $400 million in aid to Turkey and Greece, who were both in danger of falling under communist rule

  • Represented a dramatic shift in U.S. __________________________ policy

“One way of life is based upon the will of the majority, and is distinguished by free institutions, free elections, and freedom from political oppression. The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority. It relies upon terror and oppression . . . fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms. I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free people resisting attempted subjugation [control] by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” – President Truman, 1947

Marshall Plan

  • U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall proposed that the U.S. give aid to any needy European country (there were many after WWII) to prevent economic disaster and __________________________ communism’s appeal to voters

  • Once the Communists seized power in Czechoslovakia in 1948, Congress approved the $17 billion program; would provide food, machinery, and other materials to __________________________ Europe

  • A spectacular success despite controversy

  • “Our policy is not directed against any country or doctrine, but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos.” – Sec. of State George Marshall

Directory: cms -> lib010 -> PA01916442 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 2100
2100 -> Soc ∙ Ms. Wiley ∙ Culture Resources & Analysis, d name
2100 -> Edge fall Quarter 2003
2100 -> Actively read both secondary sources and respond to corresponding prompts
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2100 -> In this exercise, you will look at a sample dbq, investigate the documents, build an outline that responds to the question, and evaluate a sample response
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