Defining the Cold War, pp

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P8/9 | APUSH | Wiley | The Cold War (1945-’91), D___ Name:

Table of Contents:

Defining the Cold War, pp. 1-2

Cold War Perspectives: U.S. vs. USSR, pp. 2-3

Containment Policy, pp. 3-5

Threat of Nuclear War, pp. 5-6

McCarthyism, pp. 6-7

Cold War Culture (Religion, Women, Families), pp. 8-10

Alliances of Convenience, p. 10

End of the Cold War, p. 11

What was the Cold War?

  • A period of tension and hostility that developed between the U.S. and the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) after __________________________; the common concerns that had united the former allies (namely the fight against fascism and Nazi Germany) disappeared, leaving two radically different political, social, economic, and ideological systems

  • An ideological conflict between capitalism and communism that lasted for almost fifty years

    • Differences in government: U.S. democracy vs. USSR. __________________________ (a form of government where all aspects of public and private life are controlled by a dictator; the needs of the state are put ahead of personal human rights)

    • Differences in purported values: U.S. freedom vs. USSR equality and U.S. individualism vs. USSR __________________________

  • Remember, the U.S. had had general disdain/fear of Russia/communism since the __________________________ Revolution (1917); communism calls for the abolition of private property, economic classes, religion, and nationality and encourages violent overthrow of the capitalist system by way of a worldwide __________________________ revolution

  • Called a cold war because there was never direct military confrontation between the two countries; instead, the conflict fluctuated between periods of indirect military confrontations (ex: U.S. troops fighting with South Korea against North Korea, who was __________________________ by the Soviets—but Soviet troops were not fighting directly with the North Koreans) and periods of mutual coexistence (détente)

  • The superpowers used __________________________, propaganda, secret operations, and proxy wars (when opposing powers use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other directly) in their dealings with one another

  • Many countries around the world allied with one side or the other; both superpowers tried to garner support from newly-independent countries going through the decolonization process; most of these countries resented attempts to be used as pawns and decided not to align (example: India)

  • U.S. had many concerns about the USSR:

    • Very concerned about USSR’s satellite nations in Eastern Europe (Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Bulgaria, Romania, etc.), which it had gained control over while it drove __________________________ forces west

    • Very concerned that war-torn Europe would be easy prey for communism; desperation, poverty, chaos, uncertainty  makes communism super __________________________

    • Very concerned about the communist desire to spark worldwide revolution (particularly in the post-WWII context where so many nations were war-torn)

  • The USSR was very concerned with U.S. strength, leadership, weaponry, and hostility towards the USSR’s political ideology and culture

Directory: cms -> lib010 -> PA01916442 -> Centricity -> Domain -> 2100
2100 -> Soc ∙ Ms. Wiley ∙ Culture Resources & Analysis, d name
2100 -> Edge fall Quarter 2003
2100 -> Actively read both secondary sources and respond to corresponding prompts
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2100 -> In this exercise, you will look at a sample dbq, investigate the documents, build an outline that responds to the question, and evaluate a sample response
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