Defense Lawyers: Claire, Paige, Kordell Witnesses



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The Trials of Martin Luther and Galileo Galilei

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Roles and Responsibilities

The Trial of Martin Luther

Judge: Cassidy

Defense

Lawyers: Claire, Paige, Kordell

Witnesses: Jaikob, Kiera, Zane, Lina

  • Lawyer 1

  • Lawyer 2

    • Responsible for the cross examination of prosecutor witnesses

  • Lawyer 3

    • Responsible for questioning the defense’s (your own) witnesses

  • Witness 1

    • Martin Luther

      • Believes the church is too elite and unfair to the people; only focused on power.

  • Witness 2:

    • Erasmus

      • A critic of the Catholic church, he stated that indulgences were unable to wipe a person’s sins away and the church was foolish to believe otherwise.

  • Witness 3

    • Pitchfork John

      • Views the system as unfair as those who are rich are able to repent for any and all sins while the poor are left to suffer in hell, since they cannot afford to be forgiven. Also, he is outraged at the amount of money leaving Germany for the church.

  • Witness 4

    • John Calvin

      • A humanist who believed the Catholic church abused its power. He was a strong believer in behaving as God commanded in the Bible, not following the wishes of man.

Prosecution

Lawyers: Hanna, Himavan, Jenna M.

Witnesses: Rohit, Jaedon, Sidney, Eli

  • Lawyer 1

    • Responsible for the opening and closing statement

  • Lawyer 2

    • Responsible for the cross examination of defense witnesses

  • Lawyer 3

    • Responsible for questioning the defense’s (your own) witnesses

  • Witness 1

    • Maximilian, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

      • Fears questioning the church will undermine the church and government’s power and authority

  • Witness 2

    • Pope Leo X

      • Saw Martin Luther as speaking heresy against the church, who was given divine power to lead.

  • Witness 3

    • Johann Tetzel

      • A Dominican Friar who strongly supported the use and sale of indulgences.

  • Witness 4

    • St. Augustine

      • An influential Christian who wrote about the need for a theocracy in government (where power is given from the spiritual powers of God). He would have supported the pope, who was given the divine right to lead by God.


Trial of Galileo Galilei

Judge: Damon

Defense

Lawyers: Jenna E., Adam, Mubashir

Witnesses: Meghan, Salman, Safia, Tim

  • Lawyer 1

    • Responsible for the opening and closing statement

  • Lawyer 2

    • Responsible for the cross examination of prosecutor witnesses

  • Lawyer 3

    • Responsible for questioning the defense’s (your own) witnesses

  • Witness 1

    • Galileo Galilei

      • His scientific finds challenged the church’s authority and knowledge

  • Witness 2

    • Copernicus

      • Believed in the same scientific principles that Galileo did

        • The sun was the centre of the solar system

  • Witness 3

    • Maria Celeste

      • She was a Catholic nun, daughter and supporter of Galileo. Galileo helped around her convent through manual labour as well as monetary influence.

  • Witness 4

    • Johannes Kepler

      • German mathematician who wrote about planetary systems, much like Galileo and Copernicus.


Prosectution

Lawyers: Yianni, Emily, Jenna M.

Witnesses: Mikayah, Annie, Tori, Zach

  • Lawyer 1

    • Responsible for the opening and closing statement

  • Lawyer 2

    • Responsible for the cross examination of prosecutor witnesses

  • Lawyer 3

    • Responsible for questioning the defense’s (your own) witnesses

  • Witness 1

    • Father Lorini

      • Professor of Biblical history. Saw Galileo’s teachings as ones that violated scripture.

  • Witness 2

    • Father Tommasco Caccini

      • Travelled to Rome to expose Galileo’s errors, which were leading people to declare God was an accident and doubt the occurrence of miracles.

  • Witness 3

    • Cardinal Bellarmine

      • A chief theologian who saw Galileo’s theories as threatening to social order. He, and other high up church officials, are more interested in preserving the power of the church’s structure than the universe.

  • Witness 4

    • Roman Inquisition

      • Called to investigate into Galileo’s activities and beliefs to see if he was adhering to church orders.

Role Sign-up

Martin Luther Defense:

Lawyer 1: _________________________________________________________

Lawyer 2: _________________________________________________________

Lawyer 3: _________________________________________________________

Witness 1: ________________________________________________________

Witness 2: ________________________________________________________

Witness 3: ________________________________________________________

Witness 4: ________________________________________________________

Martin Luther Prosecution

Lawyer 1: _________________________________________________________

Lawyer 2: _________________________________________________________

Lawyer 3: _________________________________________________________

Witness 1: ________________________________________________________

Witness 2: ________________________________________________________

Witness 3: ________________________________________________________

Witness 4: ________________________________________________________

Role Sign-up

Galileo Galilei Defense

Lawyer 1: _________________________________________________________

Lawyer 2: _________________________________________________________

Lawyer 3: _________________________________________________________

Witness 1: ________________________________________________________

Witness 2: ________________________________________________________

Witness 3: ________________________________________________________

Witness 4: ________________________________________________________

Galileo Galilei Prosecution

Lawyer 1: _________________________________________________________

Lawyer 2: _________________________________________________________

Lawyer 3: _________________________________________________________

Witness 1: ________________________________________________________

Witness 2: ________________________________________________________

Witness 3: ________________________________________________________



Witness 4: ________________________________________________________


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