Death penalty for female offenders



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State of

Execution

Date of

Execution

Name of

Offender

Race of

Offender

Age at Crime

of Offender

Florida

03-30-1998

Buenoano, Judias

White

28




10-09-2002

Wuornos, Aileen

White

33

Georgia

03-05-1945

Baker, Lena

Black

44

Illinois

1-28-1938

Porter, Marie

White

38

Louisiana

02-01-1929

LeBoeuf, Ada

White

38




02-08-1935

Moore, Julia (Powers)

???

[adult]




11-28-1942

Henri, Toni Jo (Annie)

White

26

Mississippi

01-13-1922

Perdue, Pattie

Black

[adult]




10-13-1922

Knight, Ann

Black

[adult]




04-29-1937

Holmes, Mary

Black

32




05-19-1944

Johnson, Mildred Louise

Black

34

New York

03-29-1909

Farmer, Mary

White

29




01-12-1928

Snyder, Ruth Brown

White

33




08-09-1934

Antonio, Anna

White

27




06-27-1935

Coo, Eva

White

40




07-16-1936

Creighton, Mary Francis

White

36




11-16-1944

Fowler, Helen

Black

37




03-08-1951

Beck, Martha

White

29

North Carolina

01-01-1943

Phillips, Rosana Lightner

Black

25




12-29-1944

Williams, Bessie May

Black

19




11-02-1984

Barfield, Velma

White

52

Ohio

12-07-1938

Hahn, Anna Marie

White

32




01-15-1954

Dean, Dovie Smarr

White

55




06-12-1954

Butler, Betty

Black

25

Oklahoma

07-17-1903

Wright, Dora

Black

[adult]




01-11-2001

Allen, Wanda Jean

Black

29




05-01-2001

Plantz, Marilyn Kay

White

27




12-04-2001

Smith, Lois Nadeen

White

41

Pennsylvania

02-23-1931

Schroeder, Irene

White

22




10-14-1946

Sykes, Corrine

Black

22

South Carolina

01-15-1943

Logue, Sue Stidman

White

43




01-17-1947

Stinette, Rose Marie

Black

49

Texas

02-03-1998

Tucker, Karla Faye

White

38




02-24-2000

Beets, Betty Lou

White

46




09-14-2005

Newton, Francis Elaine

Black

21

Vermont

12-08-1905

Rogers, Mary Mabel

White

21

Virginia

08-16-1912

Christian, Virginia

Black

17




  1. Executions of female offenders in the current era (1973-mid-2009) are listed in Table 4 below.


TABLE 4

EXECUTIONS OF FEMALE OFFENDERS BY STATES

DURING CURRENT ERA, JANUARY 1, 1973, THROUGH JUNE 30, 2009


Date of

Execution

Date of

Crime

Executing

State

Name of

Offender

Race & Age at

Crime & Execution

11-02-1984

02-01-1978

North Carolina

Barfield, Velma

white; ages 52 & 58

02-03-1998

06-13-1983

Texas

Tucker, Karla Faye

white; ages 23 & 38

03-30-1998

09-16-1971

Florida

Buenoano, Judias

white; ages 28 & 54

02-24-2000

08-06-1983

Texas

Beets, Betty Lou

white; ages 46 & 62

05-02-2000

11-04-1997

Arkansas

Riggs, Christina Marie

white; ages 26 & 29

01-11-2001

12-01-1988

Oklahoma

Allen, Wanda Jean

black; ages 29 & 41

05-01-2001

08-26-1988

Oklahoma

Plantz, Marilyn Kay

white; ages 27 & 40

12-04-2001

07-04-1982

Oklahoma

Smith, Lois Nadeen

white; ages 41 & 61

05-10-2002

10-04-1993

Alabama

Block, Linda Lyon

white; ages 45 & 54

10-09-2002

12-01-1989;

05-24-1990;

07-30-1990;

09-11-1990



Florida

Wuornos, Aileen

white; ages 33 & 46

09-14-2005

04-07-1987

Texas

Newton, Francis Elaine

Black; ages 21 & 40




  1. Only eleven (0.9%) of the 1,168 total executions since 1973 have been of female offenders. This execution pace has changed recently, with only one (0.2%) of the 434 executions from 1973 to 1997 being a female offender. Since1998, ten (1.4%) of the 734 total executions have been of female offenders.




  1. This recent (1998-mid-2009) execution pace matches almost exactly that beginning in 1900, so it appears that the 1973-1997 lull in executions of female offenders was atypical and that we have now returned to our normal rate.


FEMALES UNDER DEATH SENTENCES AS OF JUNE 30, 2009


  1. Of the 165 death sentences imposed since 1973, only fifty-three women remained under sentences of death in eighteen states and under federal jurisdiction as of mid-2009. Tables 5 and 6 below provide data describing the offenders and victims in these cases.

TABLE 5

CHARACTERISTICS OF OFFENDERS IN FEMALE

DEATH PENALTY CASES IN FORCE AS OF JUNE 30, 2009


Age of Offender at Crime

Current Age of Offender

Race of Offender

ages 18-19 = 4 (8%)

ages 20-29 = 6 (12%)

American Indian = 1 (2%)

ages 20-29 = 21 (40%)

ages 30-39 = 12 (23%)

Black = 12 (23%)

ages 30-39 = 19 (36%)

ages 40-49 = 25 (47%)

Latin = 6 (11%)

ages 40-49 = 7 (13%)

ages 50-59 = 4 (8%)

White = 34 (64%)

ages 50-59 = 2 (4%)

ages 60-69 = 5 (9%)





ages 70-79 = 1 (2%)




Totals = 53(100%)

53 (100%)

53 (100%)



TABLE 6

CHARACTERISTICS OF VICTIMS IN FEMALE

DEATH PENALTY CASES IN FORCE AS OF JUNE 30, 2009


Age of Victim at Crime

Race and Sex of Victim

ages 0-4 = 9 (12%)

Asian Male = 2 (3%)

ages 5-9 = 15 (19%)

Asian Female = 1 (1%)

ages 10-19 = 10 (13%)

Black Male = 2 (3%)

ages 20-29 = 12 (15%)

Black Female = 3 (4%)

ages 30-39 = 12 (15%)

Latin Male = 6 (8%)

ages 40-49 = 6 (8%)

Latin Female = 11 (14%)

ages 50-59 = 5 (6%)

White Male = 34 (44%)

ages 60-69 = 2 (3%)

White Female = 20 (26%)

ages 70-79 = 4 (5%)




ages 80-89 = 3 (4%)




Totals = 78 (100%)

78 (100%)


  1. These fifty-three women comprise only 1.6% of the approximately 3,300 persons currently on death row.



  1. One-quarter (13/53) of these fifty-three death-sentenced women killed their husbands or boyfriends; and another roughly one-quarter (11/53) killed their children. Two additional women killed both their husbands and their children.




  1. The present ages of these 53 female offenders range from 25 to 76 years old, and they have been on death row from less than one year to over twenty-three years.




  1. Appendix B to this report provides the names of these offenders and some brief details about their crimes and sentences. Multiple sentencing dates mean that the earlier death sentence was reversed but then a new death sentence was imposed.




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