Death penalty aff


partment of Justice – responsible for federal law enforcement and chooses which federal prosecutions will pursue the death penalty



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Death Penalty Affirmative
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DOJ – Department of Justice – responsible for federal law enforcement and chooses which federal prosecutions will pursue the death penalty.
Federal Death Penalty Act – Part of a 1994 crime bill that vastly expanded federal death sentences. 60 offenses are punishable by death.
Furman v. Georgia (1972) – Supreme Court case that ruled the current death penalty system constituted cruel and unusual punishment and violated the Constitution. The Court's decision forced states and the national legislature to rethink their statutes for capital offenses to assure that the death penalty would not be administered in a capricious or discriminatory manner.
Gregg v. Georgia (1976) – Four years following the Furman decision, the Supreme Court revived the death penalty in Georgia, Florida, and Texas because their new regularity provided sufficient clarity and objectivity in defining which defendants could be eligible for capital punishment and gave juries sufficient discretion in choosing whether to apply it. The death penalty was constitutional now because trends in both the political process and the judgments of juries suggest that there is still a social consensus in favor of retaining the death penalty. There is no conclusive evidence that it fails in its objective of deterring crime, and it does not offend human dignity because some crimes are so severe that the only appropriate response is capital punishment. Moreover, the death penalty is not disproportionate to the crime of murder.
ICCPR – International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights – While international law does not prohibit the death penalty, most countries consider it a violation of human rights. The use of the death penalty worldwide is relevant in evaluating U.S. standards of decency and what should be considered cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment. Most democracies worldwide have ratified the Second Optional Protocol to the ICCPR aiming to abolish the death penalty.
Judiciary – The system of courts that interprets and applies law in legal cases. This system includes state and federal courts and can refer to the Supreme Court and lower courts.

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