***Legislative action cannot solve for universal design – ensures lack of innovation and inconvenience for everybody – star this card
Jane Bringolf, Urban Research Centre @ University Western Syndney, 2008, "Universal Design: Is it Accessible?” Multi, Vol. 1, No. 2.
The major disadvantage of taking the legislative route is that it has a focus on people with a disability. The benefits for others are lost in the quest to meet the requirements of regulations. Legislation encourages designers to think in terms of specialised designs—the very notion universal design is trying to prevent. From the designers’ creative perspective, regulations are not welcome because they remove opportunities for creative thought. The needs of people with a disability become just another legal problem. Legislation, codes and rules cannot cover all situations and events. When legislation is devised, every eventuality cannot be predicted and accounted for. Consequently, legislation can lead to mistakes, inequities, and poor design for everyone, not just people with a disability. Legislation sets design standards at a point in time and is counter-intuitive to the concept of continuously improving designs through an evolutionary process – one of the basic tenets of universal design. As each new design is implemented, it can be evaluated in practice and improvements incorporated into the next version. The alternative to legislation is education, but it is unlikely to be the guiding light of universal design in the near future.