Ddi 12 ss disabilities Neg Dartmouth 2012 Andrew 1 ddi 12 ss disabilities Neg Strategy Sheet

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***Case Frontlines***
1NC Solvency Frontline
1. Policies and integration won’t overcome the oppression of the disabled – psychological, media, social and cultural norms

Barbara Krahe and Colette Altwasser, Department of Psychology @ University of Potsdam, 2006, http://uwf.edu/smathews/documents/changingnegattitdestwdphysdisanovaexperimental.pdf, “Changing Negative Attitudes Towards Persons with Physical Disabilities: An Experimental Intervention”; AB

Today there are numerous laws and norms to ensure equal treatment of people with disabilities, and we live in a society that takes pride in its tolerance and integration. Therefore, open antipathy or dislike towards people who are physically different is no longer socially desirable. However, feelings of discomfort, rejection or fear during interaction with a disabled person are still prevalent, accompanied by misconceptions about the behaviour, personality and achievement potential of the disabled (Seifert & Bergmann, 1983). As social psychological research on prejudice and stereotypes suggests, such reservations cannot be overcome solely by legal regulations and integration policies. Instead, measures are required that target individuals’ cognitions, emotions, and behaviours towards the physically disabled. The present study presents an intervention designed to change attitudes towards the physically disabled in adolescents. Negative attitudes towards people with disabilities begin to emerge early in the process of development. Young children already categorize people into disabled and nondisabled and favour the nondisabled (Maras, 1993; Richardson, Hastorf, Goodman, & Dornbusch, 1961). Lee and Rodda (1994) stress that false beliefs about disability that are acquired in childhood are due to a ‘pervasive sociocultural conditioning’ (p. 231). The existing social and cultural norms are geared towards achieving and maintaining beauty, youth and fitness of the body. In the media, disabled people are portrayed as sick, suffering, looking for help and having special needs (Ruffner, 1990). They are unable to conform to the cultural norms and therefore marginalized in society.

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