Ddi 12 ss disabilities Neg Dartmouth 2012 Andrew 1 ddi 12 ss disabilities Neg Strategy Sheet



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***States CP***

1NC States CP

CP Text: The fifty states and all relevant territories should substantially increase their investment in Universal Design transportation infrastructure in the United States. The fifty states and all relevant territories should enforce compliance to the mandates of the American Disabilities Act and issue a public statement regarding their intent.
States solve disability assistance better than the USFG – and – our counterplan is relevant, predictable, and educational

Stephen Percy, Ph.D, Political Science Professor at the University of Milwaukee, 2001, “Disability and Federalism: Comparing Different Approaches to Full Participation”, http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=q5F8Oqks7oUC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=Disab ility+and+Federalism:+Comparing+Different+Approaches+to+Full+Participation&ots=vhr2r60Sh2&sig=yknyDwNkcNyX66RQv7Zyl-ahnNQ#v=onepage&q&f=true
Questions about policy coordination invariably raise issues about implementing disability policies from an intergovernmental, rather than centralized national, arrangement. Unlike Western European nations, the US system utilizes a more decentralized, yet interdependent, policy system to serve people with disabilities.67 This system, while generally consistent with American principles of governance through a federal system where powers are shared between the national government and the states, does not guarantee effective policy at every turn. Decentralization provides the potential for more locally, rather than centrally, designed policy efforts that can be more responsive to locally-defined problems and more appropriately tailored to local conditions. The American states, therefore, can serve as laboratories for policy "experiments'1 through which effective policy implementation strategies can be identified and then shared back with the other states. Conversely, greater centralization is more likely to provide consistent services and benefits across the states, at least with regard to establishing minimal levels. These tensions have been rife since the formation of the United States and will remain so long as the democratic system remains based upon a federal, power-sharing model of governance. The persistent questions in the context of disability policy is determining which programs and services are best provided at which level of governance and how state and national programs can be more effectively coordinated and mutually reinforcing. These questions are ongoing in disability policy and will continue to be the focus of policy debates and plans for system reform.



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