Dbq documents – Modern State

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Document 4

From: King Louis XIV of France, 1660

The head alone has the right to deliberate and decide, and the functions of all the other members consist only in carrying out the commands given to them…The more you grant…[to the assembled people], the more it claims…The interest of the state must come first.


Document 5

From: John Locke, Two Treaties on Government, 1690

Men being…by nature all free, equal, and independent, no one can be…subjected to the political power of another without his own consent…To protect natural rights governments are established…Since men hope to preserve their property by establishing a government, they will not want that government to destroy their objectives. When legislators try to destroy or take away the property of the people, or try to reduce them to slavery, they put themselves in to a state of war with the people who can then refuse to obey the laws.

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