Days 1/2 19th Century Liberalism Important Vocabulary



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Social 30-1

Fall 2015

Mrs. Adams

Due: September 25, 2015

Chapter 4: Responding to Classical Liberalism



Days 1/2
19th Century Liberalism - Important Vocabulary

Introduction: Last week, we learned about the emergence of Classical Liberalism and its 5 principles, which are as follows:
i) individual rights and freedoms

ii) belief that humans are reasonable and can make their own decisions

iii) economic freedom

iv) protection of civil liberties

v) constitutional limits on government
Based on these 5 principles new ideologies formed, some of which are as follows:
Luddites

Chartists

Utopian Socialists

Scientific Socialism/ Marxism



Classical Conservatism
In this lesson, we will be examining the similarities and differences and pros and cons of each ideology that are rooted in Classical Liberalism.
Step One: Please read Chapter 4 (pages 128 - 162) in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology.
When you first look at the reading and see that it is 34 pages, please do not panic. There is not a lot of text on each page and many pages have quotes and diagrams to view. Please make sure that you take some time to read the diagrams and gather an understanding of each based on the visual images and related text.
Step Two: Complete the following vocabulary Sheet


Terms

Definitions

Examples/Context

Labour Standards







Feminism







Labour Unions







Socialism







Universal Suffrage







Welfare Capitalism








Step Three: Please respond to the following questions:
Formative Assessment Assignment
1. Please view Figure 4.4 in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following question:
Why do you think the Luddites chose to attack the machines being invented during this time? What did the machines represent?

2. Please review Page 133 in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following question:
What main principle of liberalism were the Chartists fighting to have recognized?

3. Please review Pages 138 - 139 "The Voices of Modern Socialism" in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following questions:
Explain Shaw's critique of classical Liberalism.

How can you tell that the CCF was a democratic socialist party?

4. Please review Pages 131 - 141 in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following questions:
Below, are 5 Ideologies that emerged from classical Liberalism. Please complete the chart according to instructions in the boxes.




Ideology

Ideas/Actions Supporting Classical Liberalism

Ideas/Actions Against Classical Liberalism

Luddites

Please leave this box blank.

In this box, please write what parts of the ideology would have been against one or more of the 5 principles of Classical Liberalism.
Example: Protested economic actions by factory owners to replace workers with machines. Broke into factories and destroyed machines that threatened their quality of life.

Chartists

In this box, please write what parts of the ideology would have supported one or more of the 5 principles of Classical Liberalism.

In this box, please write what parts of the ideology would have been against one or more of the 5 principles of Classical Liberalism.

Utopian Socialists

In this box, please write what parts of the ideology would have supported one or more of the 5 principles of Classical Liberalism.

In this box, please write what parts of the ideology would have been against one or more of the 5 principles of Classical Liberalism.

Scientific Socialism/Marxism

Please leave this box blank.

In this box, please write what parts of the ideology would have been against one or more of the 5 principles of Classical Liberalism.

Classical Conservatism

In this box, please write what parts of the ideology would have supported one or more of the 5 principles of Classical Liberalism.

In this box, please write what parts of the ideology would have been against one or more of the 5 principles of Classical Liberalism.


5. Please review Pages 154 - 162 in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following question:
Provide 5 examples of the extension of the concept of equality rights in the late 19th and early 20 th century.


Days 4/5

Responding to Classical Liberalism

Many entrepreneurs were not worried by the social problems that resulted from industrialization. They saw few problems and believed that poverty was natural. They thought that government should let the economy run on its own. These people can be classified as supporters of Adam Smith's laissez-faire economy.

 

At the other extreme were the socialists. They believed that only the capitalists or businessmen benefited from the Industrial Revolution. The socialists disliked the whole concept of capitalism and felt that limited government intervention was not ideal.



 

Between the laissez-faire thinkers and the socialists was a third group led by John Stuart Mill and Robert Owen. These were the reformers. They supported the capitalist system, but wanted government action to improve conditions for the workers. They believed that if workers were given the right to vote and the right to strike, they could force factory owners to improve working and living conditions.


The Evolution of Classical Liberalism: Time Line Assignment

Summative Assessment
Step One: Please read the following and complete the chart, below:
In this assignment, you will explore alternative ideologies and examine the evolution of classical liberalism by exploring the degree to which classical liberalism was influenced and changed by the development of new ideologies.
As we have learned, classical liberalism emerged as a response to conservatism and many people during the 19th century were dissatisfied with the results. Reasons include an

aristocracy unhappy with limits being placed on their power and privilege, workers concerned about lack of government regulation in the workplace and women concerned

about poor social conditions.
Therefore, for the first part of this assignment, I would like you look at each group of people in the chart, below, and list 3 concerns that each group held towards Classical Liberalism. In your opinion, please rank the concerns in order of significance with #1 being the group's greatest concern. Please also include evidence that support your ranking of the concerns. For example, I have completed the first group for you.
Dissatisfaction with Classical Liberalism


Groups

Top Three Concerns

Supporting Evidence

politicians



1. dealing with empowered middle-class wanting to improve their quality of life and find employment

2. maintaining power

3. Convincing business owners to improve working conditions and wages etc. for their employees, which might less profit.

* April 20 1812 - Luddites attacked a mill near Manchester because the owner bought a machine that replaced employees. The government had to send troops to attack the Luddites and suppress the Luddite movement

* 1839 and 1842 the government rejected the Charists People's Charter which caused many protests, which the government controlled with troops

* implemented Reform Acts in 1867 and 1884 which made elections more fair

* Theodore Roosevelt tried to convince mine owners in Pennsylvania to meet demands of workers and they refused. They called on Roosevelt to send troops to force the workers back to work



Labour Groups


1.

2.

3.





Feminists


1.

2.

3.





Human Rights

Advocates



1.

2.

3.







Step Two: Once you have completed the chart, please respond to the following questions:
1. What underlying assumptions and conditions might have driven each group’s concerns? (For this question, you need to think about how one group of people view another group and the assumptions they made about them. For example, the Human Rights Advocates might have assumed that the business owners were greedy, selfish people who would never spend money to help their workers improve their quality of life.)
Please answer here.
2. Predict what various groups of people might do given their dissatisfaction with liberalism.
Politicians: Please answer here.

Labour Groups: Please answer here.

Feminists: Please answer here.

Human Rights Advocates: Please answer here.

Step Three: As you have just seen many groups of people were not satisfied with Classical Liberalism; thus, new ideologies began to emerge. New ideologies were attempts to address the perceived weaknesses of classical liberalism and to propose new ways of organizing society. New ideologies include Marxism, socialism, welfare capitalism, and the return of classic conservatism. Please review these ideologies on pages 133 - 145 in your textbook: Perspectives on Ideology.
In the chart, below, please identify the distinguishing features of each of the new ideologies, and indicate which of the previously identified groups (i.e. - Politicians, Labour Groups, Feminists, Human Rights Advocates) would strongly support or strongly oppose the ideas of the new ideology. I have completed Marxism for you to give you an example of what I am expecting in the chart.

New Ideologies


New Ideology

Distinguishing Features from Classical Liberalism

Groups For and Against

Marxism


Economic:

* workers needed to control means of production such as factories

* no private property

Political:

* state controls of means of productions / banking / communication/ transportation



Social:

* free education for all people

* all people have obligation to work



Politicians would have strongly supported this idea because: They would have controlled the means of production, banking, communications and transportation = great power.
Labour Groups would have strongly opposed this idea because: They would have lost their "voice" in fighting to achieve higher standard or living.

socialism


Economic:
Political:
Social:


__________________ would have strongly supported this idea because:
__________________ would have strongly opposed this idea because:


welfare capitalism


Economic:
Political:
Social:



__________________ would have strongly supported this idea because:
__________________ would have strongly opposed this idea because:


classic conservatism


Economic:
Political:
Social:



__________________ would have strongly supported this idea because:
__________________ would have strongly opposed this idea because:



Step Four: As we now see Classical Liberalism changed over time in response to events, citizen responses and the emergence of new ideologies. To finish this assignment, I would like you to illustrate a brief history of liberalism by creating a time line to show the evolution and variations of the concept of liberalism. Your Time Line needs to include the following:
1) the principles and values of Classical Liberalism at the beginning of the time line.

2) the emergence of Marxism, Socialism, Welfare Capitalism and Classical Conservatism and indicate how classical liberalism changed in response to new ideologies.



3) add information to the time line regarding resistance movements and the changes to liberalism.
An Example to Help Get You Started

Step Five: Please submit all of your work for this assignment by September 25, 2015

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