David C. Kang School of International Relations Phone: (213) 821-4319



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David C. Kang
School of International Relations Phone: (213) 821-4319

VKC 330 Fax: (213) 742-0281

University of Southern California david.c.kang@usc.edu

Los Angeles, CA 90089 www.usc.edu/~kangdc/



Education





  • University of California at Berkeley: M.A., Ph.D. in Political Science, May 1995

  • Stanford University: A.B. in Anthropology and International Relations (Honors in both majors), June 1988

Academic Positions

School of International Relations and Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California



  • Professor, January 2009 - present

Government Department, Dartmouth



  • Professor, July 2007 – December 2008

  • Associate Professor, July 2001-June 2007

  • Assistant Professor, July 1995-June 2001

Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth

  • Adjunct Professor, July 2007 – present

  • Adjunct Associate Professor, July 2001-June 2007

  • Adjunct Assistant Professor, July 1996-June 2001


University Press Books





  1. After Unification: Planning for the Long Term in Korea. Co-authored with Leif-Eric Easley and Victor Cha. Columbia University Press, forthcoming.

  2. East Asia Before the West: Five Centuries of Trade and Tribute. Columbia University Press, 2010.

  3. China Rising: Peace, Power, and Order in East Asia. Columbia University Press, 2007.

  4. Nuclear North Korea: A Debate on Engagement Strategies. Columbia University Press, 2003. Co-authored with Victor Cha. Translated into Korean, 2007.
  5. Crony Capitalism: Corruption and Development in South Korea and the Philippines. Cambridge University Press, 2002. Translated into Chinese, 2004.




Edited Books and other Monographs





  1. Engagement with North Korea: A Viable Alternative. Edited by Sung-chull Kim and David C. Kang. SUNY Albany Press, 2009.

Articles in Refereed Journals





  1. “Why Was There no Religious War in Premodern East Asia?” European Journal of International Relations 20, no. 4 (2014), pp. 965-986. Reprinted in Ron Hassner and Isak Svensson, eds., International Relations and Religion (SAGE, forthcoming 2016).

  2. “International Relations Theory and East Asian History,” Journal of East Asian Studies 13, no. 2 (May 2013), pp. 181-205.

  3. “Dialogue about Elections in Japan and South Korea,” (with David Leheny and Victor Cha), Journal of Asian Studies 72, no. 2 (May 2013), pp. 233-250.

  4. “Authority and Legitimacy in International Relations: Evidence from Korean and Japanese relations in Pre-modern East Asia,” Chinese Journal of International Politics 5, no. 1 (Spring 2012), pp. 55-71.

  5. “They Think They’re Normal: Enduring Questions and New Research about North Korea,” International Security 36, no. 3 (Winter 2011/2012), pp. 142-171.

  6. “Hierarchy and Legitimacy in International Systems: the tribute system in early modern East Asia,” Security Studies 19, no. 4 (December 2010), pp. 591-622. Reprinted in Robert Art and Robert Jervis, eds., International Politics: Enduring Concepts and Contemporary Issues, 11th edition (Pearson, 2012)

  7. “The Security of Northeast Asia,” Pacific Focus 24, no. 1 (April 2009), pp. 1-21.

  8. “A Comedy of Errors: a reply to Sangiovanni,” European Journal of International Relations, (with William Wohlforth et al.), 15, no. 2, (June 2009), pp. 381-388.

  9. “Between Balancing and Bandwagoning: South Korea’s response to China,” Journal of East Asian Studies 9, no. 1 (January 2009), pp. 1-28.

  10. “Testing Balance of Power Theory in World History,” European Journal of International Relations, (with William Wohlforth et al.), 13, no. 2 (June 2007), pp. 155-85.




    • Awarded “Best article in the European Journal of International Relations for the years 2007-2009.”

  1. “Hierarchy in Asian International Relations: 1300 to 1900,” Asian Security 1, no. 1 (2005), pp. 53-79.

  2. “Hierarchy, Balancing, and Empirical Puzzles in Asian International Relations,” International Security 28, no. 3 (Winter 2004), pp. 165-81.

  3. “The Theoretical Roots of Hierarchy in International Relations,” Australian Journal of International Affairs 58 (September 2004), pp. 337-352.

  4. “The Debate Over North Korea,” (with Victor Cha) Political Science Quarterly 119, No. 2 (Summer, 2004): 229-254. Reprinted in Andrew Bennett and George Shambaugh, eds., Taking Sides: American Foreign Policy, 3rd edition (McGraw-Hill, 2005).

  5. “Getting Asia Wrong: the Need for New Analytic Frameworks,” International Security 27, no. 4 (Spring 2003): 57-85. Reprinted in Theo Farrell, ed., Security Studies: Critical Concepts in International Relations (Routledge, 2009).

  6. “International Relations Theory and the Second Korean War,” International Studies Quarterly 47, no. 3 (September 2003): 301-324.

  7. “Transaction Costs and Crony Capitalism in East Asia,” Comparative Politics 35 no. 4 (July 2003): 439-458.

  8. “Bad Loans to Good Friends: money politics and the developmental state in Korea,” International Organization 56, no. 1 (Winter 2002): 177-207.

  9. “Institutions and Economic Growth in Korea and Taiwan: the bureaucracy,” (with Tun-jen Cheng and Stephan Haggard), Journal of Development Studies 34, no. 6 (August 1998): 87-111. Reprinted in Yilmaz Akyüz, ed., East Asian Development: New Perspectives (London: Frank Cass, 1998).

  10. “Japanese Colonialism and Korean Development: a critique,” (with Stephan Haggard and Chung-in Moon), World Development 25, no. 6 (June 1997): 867-881.

  11. “South Korean and Taiwanese Development and the New Institutional Economics,” International Organization 49, no. 3 (Summer 1995): 555-87.

  12. “Preventive War and North Korea,” Security Studies 4, no. 2 (Winter 1995): 330-63.

  13. “Rethinking North Korea,” Asian Survey 35, no. 3 (March 1995): 253-267.



Other Scholarly Publications





  1. “The Tribute System as an International System: Evidence from Choson-Qing Relations,” in Kenneth Swope, ed., Essays in Honor of Jack Wills (In preparation).

  2. Meredith Shaw and David Kang, “Political History and Culture of North Korea,” in Youna Kim, ed., Routledge Handbook of Korean Culture and Society: A Global Approach (Routledge, forthcoming).

  3. Chin-hao Huang and David Kang, “Cross-Domain Deterrence in East Asia: A cautionary note,” in Erik Gartzke and Jon Lindsay, eds., Cross-Domain Deterrence (In preparation).

  4. Jiun Bang and David Kang, “China’s Rise,” in Thierry Balzacq and Myriam Dunn Cavelty, eds., Routledge Handbook of Security Studies (Routledge, forthcoming).

  5. “China’s Power in Comparative Perspective,” to appear in Jaeho Chung, ed., Assessing China’s Power in Regional and Global Perspectives (PalgraveMacMillan, forthcoming).

  6. “The Myth of Japanese Militarization,” (with Brad Glosserman), The National Interest (October 14, 2014).

  7. “China’s Development Model in Comparative Perspective: hegemony, power, and history in international relations,” to appear in Tse-Kang Leng and Yu-shan Wu, eds., The Chinese Models of Development: Global, Local and Comparative Perspectives (Rowan and Littlefield, forthcoming).

  8. The North Korean Issue, Park Geun-hye’s presidency, and the possibility of Trust-building on the Korean Peninsula,” International Journal of Korean Unification Studies (forthcoming).

  9. “Arms Races in Asia?” The National Interest (May 5, 2014).

  10. “Paper Tiger: Defense Spending in East Asia,” Foreign Policy (April 25, 2013).

  11. “Think Again: North Korea,” (with Victor Cha), Foreign Policy (March 25, 2013).

  12. “The North Korean Issue and Trust-Building on the Korean Peninsula,” International Journal of Korean Unification Studies (forthcoming).

  13. “Culture and the Politics of History in East Asia,” in Barry Buzan and Yongjin Zhang, eds., Contesting International Society in East Asia (Cambridge University Press, 2014).

  14. “WMD regimes in East Asia: PSI, Six-Party Talks, and the 1994 Agreed Framework,” in Saadia Pekkanen, ed., Asian Institutional Design (Cornell University Press, forthcoming).

  15. “East Asian international relations – peaceful and stable for centuries,” Asia For Educators (2012).

  16. “The U.S. in East Asia,” (with Leif-Eric Easley), in Rudiger Frank, ed., International Relations and Options for Regional Security (Routledge, 2012).

  17. “North Korea and Illicit Activities,” in Kyung-ae Park, ed., Non-Traditional Security in North Korea (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2012).

  18. “Status and Leadership on the Korean Peninsula,” Orbis 54, no. 4 (Summer 2010).

  19. “Will the United States Lead the Asian Century?” Asia Pacific Yearbook (Madrid, Spain: CIDOB, 2010).

  20. “China’s presence in East Asian historical perspective,” in Richard Stubbs and Mark Beeson, eds., Handbook of Asian Regionalism (Routledge, 2011).

  21. “Security in Northeast Asia: Time for New Architecture?” (with Ellen Frost), in Vinod Aggarwal, Min-gyo Koo, Seung-joo Lee, and Chung-in Moon, eds. The Political Economy of the Asia Pacific (Springer, 2009).

  22. “Washington’s Response to an Operational Nuclear North Korea,” in Greg Moore, ed., North Korean Nuclear Operationality: The Implications for Northeast Asian Regional Security And the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime (forthcoming, Stanford University Press).

  23. “U.S. Relations with Other Powers on the Korean Peninsula in the Global Financial Crisis,” International Journal of Korean Studies, 13, no. 2 (Fall/Winter 2009).

  24. “The North Korea Challenge,” in Korea Economic Institute, Joint U.S.-Korea Academic Studies, Navigating Turbulence in Northeast Asia, volume 20 (February 2010).

  25. “China’s interests and influence in North Korea,” in Kyung-ae Park, ed., The North Korean Nuclear Crisis (Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming).

  26. “US-China relations and the North Korea problem,” China Brief (September 2009).

  27. “Civilization and State Formation in the Shadow of China,” in Peter Katzenstein, ed., Civilizations in World Politics: Plural and Pluralist Perspectives (Routledge, 2009).

  28. “Introduction” and “Conclusion,” in Sung-Chull Kim and David Kang, eds., Engagement with North Korea: A Viable Alternative (Albany, NY: SUNY University Press, 2009).

  29. “Give a little to get a little: U.S. policy toward North Korea under a new administration,” Asia Policy 7 (January 2009).

  30. “The Changing Security Environment on the Korean Peninsula,” in Andrew Scobell, Sumit Ganguly, and Joseph Liow, eds., The Handbook of Asian Security Studies (Routledge, 2009).

  31. “China’s Rise,” in Victor Mauer, ed., The Routledge Handbook of Security Studies (Routledge, 2009).

  32. Evelyn Goh, Ellen Frost, Christopher Twomey, Jalal Alamgir, Bin Yu, Peter Van Ness, and David Kang, “Roundtable Discussion of David Kang’s China Rising: Peace, Power, and Order in East Asia,” Asia Policy 6 (July 2008).

  33. “South Korea’s Not-so-sharp Right Turn,” Current History (September 2008).

  34. “The Impact of the Beijing Olympics on Chinese politics,” The American (June/July 2008).

  35. “Inter-Korean Relations in the absence of a US-ROK alliance,” Asia Policy 5 (January 2008).

  36. “Forging a Common Approach to North Korea: Economic and Humanitarian Issues for the US and ROK,” in Gordon Flake and Park Ryo-byug, eds., Understanding New Political Realities in Seoul (Washington, D.C.: Mansfield Foundation, 2008).

  37. “The Next Nuclear Agreement with North Korea: prospects and pitfalls,” (Washington, D.C.: National Committee on North Korea and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, December 2007).

  38. “The True Legacies of Roh and Chen,” (with Min-hua Huang), Far Eastern Economic Review (October 2007).

  39. “China’s Impact on Regional Relations in Northeast Asia: an assessment,” in Gi-wook Shin and Daniel Sneider, eds., Cross-Currents: Northeast Asian Security (Stanford, Calif.: Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, Stanford, University, 2007).

  40. “Prospects for Ameliorating the Security Dilemma in Asia: The U.S. versus China and tensions among competing approaches” in Amitav Acharya and Evelyn Goh, eds., Reassessing Asian International Relations (Cambridge, MA: MIT University Press, 2007).

  41. “Forging an Enduring Foundation for US-ROK Relations,” The Mansfield Foundation, June 2007.

  42. “Causes and Consequences of Inter-Korean Cooperation,” in Terence Roehrig, Jungmin Seo, and Uk Heo, eds., Korean Security in a Changing Asia (London: Palgrave, 2007).

  43. “Culture and Power in Medieval Asian International Relations,” in Stuart Kaufman, Richard Little, and William Wohlforth, eds., The Balance of Power in World History (London: Palgrave, 2007).

  44. “Bureaucracy, 1948-1979,”in Sung-hwa Jung, ed., 박정희 시대와 한국현대사 (The Park Chung-hee era and Korean Contemporary History) (Seoul, Korea: Sunin, 2006).

  45. “South Korea’s Embrace of Interdependence in Pursuit of Security,” in Ashley Tellis and Michael Wills, eds., Strategic Asia 2005-2006 (Seattle, WA: National Bureau of Asian Research, 2006), pp. 139-70.

  46. “The Siren Song of Techno-nationalism,” (with Adam Segal) Far Eastern Economic Review (March-April 2006).

  47. “The Cause of Strife in the U.S.-ROK Alliance,” Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 14, no. 2 (2006).

  48. “China, the U.S., and Korea’s Strategic Conundrum,” International Journal of Korean Unification Studies 14, no. 2 (2006).

  49. “Japan: U.S. Partner or Focused on Abductees?” The Washington Quarterly (Autumn 2005): 107-117.

  50. “Why China’s Rise will be Peaceful: Theory and Predictions in International Relations,” Perspectives on Politics 3, no. 3 (Autumn 2005): 551-54.

  51. “Cut From the Same Cloth: Bureaucracies and Rulers in South Korea, 1948-1979” in Yunshik Chang and Steven Lee, eds., Towards Modernity: Transformations in Twentieth Century Korea (London: Routledge, forthcoming).

  52. “North Korea’s Economy” in Robert Worden, ed., North Korea: a Country Study, Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, forthcoming.

  53. “Can North Korea Be Engaged? An Exchange Between Victor Cha and David Kang,” (with Victor Cha) Survival 46, No. 2 (Summer 2004), pp. 89-108.

  54. “North Korea’s quest for economic and military security,” in B.C. Koh, ed., North Korea and the World: Explaining Pyongyang’s Foreign Policy (Seoul: Kyungnam University Press, 2005).

  55. “A History of the U.S.-R.O.K. alliance,” (with Paul Chamberlain), in Derek Mitchell, ed., US-Korea Relations in a time of crisis (Washington, DC: CSIS, 2004).

  56. “The Avoidable Crisis in North Korea,” Orbis, (Summer 2003).

  57. “Corporate Governance: Regent in Korea,” Case Folio Journal (May 2003).

  58. “Think Again: The Korean Crisis,” (with Victor Cha) Foreign Policy (May-June, 2003).

  59. “Corporate Governance: Regent in Korea,” Case Study, Tuck School of Business, 1-0033.

  60. “Management of Acute Conflicts in Asia: Kashmir, Taiwan, and North Korea and the mix of traditional and Westphalian international relations,” in Muthiah Alagappa, ed., Asian Security Order: Instrumental and Normative Features, (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003).

  61. “Hierarchy and Stability in Asian International Relations,” in Michael Mastanduno and John Ikenberry, eds., International Relations Theory and the Asia-Pacific (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003).

  62. “Electoral Institutions and Regionalism in South Korea,” in Samuel Kim, ed., Korea’s Democratization (Cambridge University Press, 2003).

  63. “Hierarchy and Stability in Asian International Relations,” American Asian Review 19, no. 2 (June 2001).

  64. “Neither Miracle nor Meltdown: explaining the pattern of government-business relations in Korea,” in Tae-hwan Kwak and Seung-ho Joo, eds., Korea in the 21st Century (Hauppauge N.Y.: Nova Science Publishers,2001).

  65. “The Institutional Foundations of Korean politics,” in Chung-in Moon and Soong-Hoom Kil, eds., Understanding Korean Politics: an introduction (Albany: SUNY Press, 2000).

  66. “The Kim Young Sam Presidency in Comparative Perspective,” (with Stephan Haggard), in Chung-in Moon and Jongryn Mo, eds., Democratization and Globalization in Korea (Seoul: Yonsei University Press, 1999).

  67. “Asian Nations Bandwagon,” Orient, December 1998.

  68. “Chaebols, Conglomerates, and Family Linkages,” in Victor Venida, ed., Times of Change: Government-Society Relations and the Asian Crisis (Manila: Asian Institute of Management, 1999).

  69. “North Korea’s Military and Security Strategy,” in Samuel S. Kim, ed., North Korean Foreign Relations in the Post-Cold War Era (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

  70. “North Korea’s Conception of Security,” in Muthiah Alagappa, ed., Asian Security Practice (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998).

  71. “Institutions and Economic Growth in Asia,” (with Stephan Haggard and Tun-jen Cheng), UNCTAD series Special Studies in Economic Development (1996).

  72. “The Middle Road: between conflict and cooperation in northeast Asian security,” Asian Perspective 19, no. 2 (Fall 1995).

  73. “Rolling with the Punches: North Korea and Cuba during the 1980s,” Journal of East Asian Affairs 8, no. 1 (Winter 1994).



Professional Activities





  • Visiting academic positions

Visiting Professor, Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University (Summer 2008, Summer 2009)

Adjunct Professor, University of North Korean Studies, Seoul, Korea (2008 – present)

Visiting Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Stanford University (2005-06)

Visiting Professor, International Organizations MBA Program, University of Geneva (2005-present)

Visiting Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Yale University (Spring 2003)

Visiting Assistant Professor, Graduate School of International Studies, Korea University (Autumn 1996)



Lecturer, School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, UC San Diego (1994-1995)


  • University Committee on Promotions and Tenure, USC, 2010-present.

  • APSA Governing Council, 2013-2015

  • Director, Korean Studies Institute, USC, January 2009-present.

  • Director, Center for International Studies, USC, August 2015-present.

  • Director, East Asian Studies Center, USC, August 2012-July 2015.

  • Interim Director, East Asian Studies Center, USC, July 2011-July 2012.

  • Deputy Director, School of International Relations, USC, July 2009-June 2010.

  • Center for Public Diplomacy, USC, University Fellow, October 2009-2012.

  • Governing board, Association of Korean Political Studies, 2009 - 2012.

  • Series editor (with Victor Cha), “Contemporary Asia in the World,” Columbia University Press, 2008 - present.

  • Section Chair, “Asian Politics,” Midwest Political Science Association annual meetings, 2008.

  • APSA, Committee on the Status of Asian Pacific Americans in the Profession, September 2007-August 2010.

  • National Intelligence Council, Associate, 2006-2013.

  • National Committee on North Korea, membership committee, 2006-present.

  • Atlantic Council Working Group on North Korea, 2006-2012.

  • Research Associate, the Kennedy School, “Managing the Atom Project,” North Korea Working Group, 2006-2007.

  • Council on Korean Studies, Association of Asian Studies, 2005-2007.

  • Research Director, Center for International Business, Tuck School of Business, 2003-2007.

  • Center for Strategic and International Studies, Working Group on the U.S.-ROK alliance, 2003

  • APSA Political Economy section, dissertation award selection committee, 2002-03.

  • Social Science Research Council, dissertation field study screening committee, 2002-03.

  • Adjunct Fellow, Center for National Policy, Washington, D.C. (Summer 2000-2004).

  • Fellow at the Center for Asia and the Emerging Economies, Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College (Autumn 1997-2008).

  • Committee on Membership, Association of Korean Political Studies in North America (Autumn 1999).

  • Fulbright-Korea Mid-Career Selection Committee (Autumn 1998).

  • Visiting Lecturer, School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of California at San Diego (1994-95)

  • RAND intern, summer 1991.

  • Editorial Boards:

International Studies Quarterly (2014-present)

Journal of Asian Studies (Associate Editor, 2012-2014)

Pacific Affairs (2009-present)

East Asia: An International Quarterly (2009-present)

Comparative Political Economy (book series, Peking University, 2007-present)

Political Research Quarterly (2006-present)

Political Science Quarterly (2005-present)

North Korean Review (2007-present)

Asia Policy (2005-present)

IRI Review (2004-present)

Journal of Asia Business Studies (2005-present)

Journal of International Business Education (2001-present)

Business and Politics (1998-present)


  • Manuscripts refereed for:




Princeton University Press

Cambridge University Press

Columbia University Press

Stanford University Press

University of California Press

Harvard University Press

International Organization

World Politics

Comparative Politics

American Political Science Review

American Journal of Political Science

British Journal of Political Science

International Security

International Theory

American Management Review

World Development

Comparative Political Studies

International Studies Quarterly

Security Studies

European Journal of International Relations

Review of International Studies

Journal of Asian Studies

Review of International Political Economy

Governance

Palgrave Press

Routledge Press

Journal of East Asian Studies

Political Science Quarterly

Political Research Quarterly

Electoral Studies

Studies in Comparative International Development

Business and Politics

International Studies Perspectives

Asian Survey

Pacific Affairs

Pacific Review

Millenium

International Relations of the Asia-Pacific

Non-Proliferation Review

Policy Studies Journal

Journal of African and Asian Studies

Journal of Asian Pacific Economy

Garland Press

Asian Security

Asian Politics and Policy

East Asia: an international quarterly

Asian Perspective

The Japan Foundation

Journal of Korean Studies

Hong Kong University Research Grants Council

Journal of Japanese Political Science



Academic Distinctions

2015 USC – Mellon Mentoring Award, for postdoctoral fellows

2009 “Best article in the European Journal of International Relations for the years 2007-2009”

2007 Choice Outstanding Academic Title, China Rising

2003 Choice Outstanding Academic Title, Crony Capitalism

2003 Coca-Cola Faculty Fellow, Yale University

2001-02 Thomas Family Dartmouth Faculty Fellow


    1. Junior Faculty Fellowship, Dartmouth College

Institutional and Individual Research Grants


2015-2016 Korea Foundation, “U.S.-Korea NexGen Scholars mentoring program” ($200,000)

2015-2020 Korean Studies Promotion Service, Academy of Korean Studies, “Lab: Rethinking Korea’s Hard and Soft Power – bringing in both humanities and social sciences” ($1,250,000)

2015-2017 MacArthur Foundation, Asian Security Initiative, “Rhetoric and Reality of Arms Races in East Asia” ($350,000)

2015 Korea Foundation, “Arms Races in Asia? With a focus on the ROK” ($20,000)

2014-2018 East Asian Studies Center: National Resource Center Title VI and FLAS (Co-PI with Bin Wong at UCLA, each university received $1,500,000)

2014-2019 Academy of Korean Studies, Korean Studies Promotion Service, “A leading Korean Studies Institute” ($1,00,000)

2014-2016 Korea Foundation, “USC-KAFE K-12 Teacher Training program,” ($180,000)

2011-2013 Korea Foundation, research grant “Rising Stars of Korean Studies” ($67,000)

2011 Association of Asian Studies, Northeast Asia Council, “History and International Relations of East Asia,” ($3,000)

2010-2012 Korea Foundation, research grant “Transitional issues in North Korea” ($240,000)

2009-2014 Academy of Korean Studies, “A Leading Korean Studies Institute,” ($600,000)

2009 Academy of Korean Studies, research grant “Territorial disputes in East Asia” ($5,000)

2006 Korea Foundation, Advanced Research Fellowship ($50,000)

2005-06 East Asia Institute Fellowship, Seoul, Korea ($14,900)



  1. Rockefeller Center research fellowship

  1. AAS/NEAS travel grant

    1. IGGC Postdoctoral Fellow, UC San Diego

    1. John L. Simpson dissertation fellowship

    1. SSRC dissertation fellowship

    1. Fulbright dissertation fellowship

    1. Korean Foundation dissertation fellowship (declined)

    1. U.C. Berkeley Chancellor’s predoctoral fellowship

  1. FLAS fellowship for intensive language study

  2. Center for Korean Studies (Berkeley) fellowship


Commentary and Opinion

“A Better Korea Strategy,” Washington Post, November 28, 2005.


“What North Korea Wants,” New York Times, August 6,2003.

“North Korea has a point,” Financial Times, January 2, 2003.

“Two Countries, One Anxiety,” New York Times, December 22, 2002.

“We should not fear the North Koreans,” Los Angeles Times, June 13, 2000.


Invited Lectures (last five years)





  • “When a War? Measuring Conflict in Early Modern East Asia,” Georgetown University, November 17, 2015

  • “Arms Races, the US Pivot, and Regional Security in Northeast Asia,” Brookings Institution, November 17, 2015

  • “The US Pivot and Regional Security in Northeast Asia: Reassuring Friends or Allowing Competition,” University of California, Berkeley, September 4, 2015

  • “The US Pivot and Regional Security in Northeast Asia: Reassuring Friends or Allowing Competition,” University of San Francisco, September 3, 2015

  • “China and the U.S.: competitors or cooperation?” Plato Society, Los Angeles, May 2, 2015.

  • “North Korea beyond the nuclear crisis,” Centre for Human Rights, Claremont McKenna College, April 24, 2015.

  • “Japanese Imperialism and the challenge of the West,” UCLA Center for Korean Studies, April 17, 2015.

  • “China and Taiwan in international relations,” Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies, Australian Defense College, April 15, 2015.

  • “The U.S. Pivot in East Asia – problems and opportunities,” Mt. Saint Mary College, Newbury, NY, April 3, 2015.

  • “Getting Asia Right: China, the US, and East Asian relations,” Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies, Australian Defense College, February 5, 2015.

  • “Strategic Rivalry in East Asia,” US-Australia Dialogue, Burkle Center for International Studies, UCLA, January 30, 2015.

  • “Arms Races and the U.S. Pivot in Asia,” IR/PS, UC San Diego, January 7, 2015.

  • “North Korea Beyond the Nuclear Challenge,” Samford University, Birmingham, AL, October 27, 2014.

  • “Can Korea be a model for economic development?” Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, D.C., May 13, 2014.

  • “Taiwan and China in the 21st Century,” Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies, Australian Defense College, May 3, 2014.

  • “Getting Asia Right: China, the US, and East Asian relations,” Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies, Australian Defense College, February 5, 2014.

  • “Are Military Expenditures in East Asia Evidence of Balancing Behavior?” Ford Security Seminar speaker series, University of Michigan, January 27, 2014.

  • “Defense Expenditures and Economic Growth in East Asia,” Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island, December 3, 2013.

  • “Status as Power in East Asian History: contextualizing international relations,” Strategic and Defense Studies Centre, Australian National University, October 10, 2013.

  • “The North Korea Problem Beyond the Nuclear Issue,” Korea Institute, Australian National University, October 11, 2013.

  • “The North Korean Crisis,” World Affairs Council, Los Angeles, CA, March 9, 2013.

  • “They Think They’re Normal: Explaining North Korea” Inaugural Myung Sup Lim lecture, University of Oregon, February 4, 2013.

  • “Getting Asia Right: China, the US, and East Asian relations,” Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies, Australian Defense College, February 3, 2013.

  • “North Korea Today,” Pacific Council of International Policy, Santa Monica, CA, November 10, 2012

  • “Dealing with the North Korea Problem,” Council of American Ambassadors annual conference, Pepperdine University, October 9, 2012

  • “Why was there no Religious War in Historical East Asia?,” Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, September 25, 2012

  • “Religious War and East Asian History,” University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, September 21, 2012

  • “The U.S. pivot to the Pacific and China's response: strategic implications for the Korean Peninsula,” Korean Association for International Studies, Seoul, Korea, August 21, 2012

  • “Approaches to Human Rights in North Korea,” Center for Korean Studies, UCLA, May 14, 2012.

  • “North Korea After Kim Jong-il,” Global Security Seminar, UCLA, February 16, 2012.

  • “Getting Asia Right: China, the US, and East Asian relations,” Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies, Australian Defense College, February 2, 2012.

  • “How to Think about China’s Rise: power and authority in international relations,” Cornell University, January 30, 3012.

  • “Power and Authority in International Systems: evidence from premodern East Asia,” International Security Colloquium, University of Washington, January 13, 2012.

  • “They Think They’re Normal: North Korea Beyond the Nuclear Crisis,” Peace and Conflict Studies, UC Santa Barbara, January 11, 2012.

  • “Power and Authority in International Systems: evidence from a non-Western case,” UC Irvine, October 14, 2011.

  • “US-Korea relations in the 21st century,” Joongang Ilbo Global Forum, Seoul, Korea, September 6, 2011.

  • “Enduring Questions and New Research on Inter-Korean Relations” Korea Foundation Distinguished Lecture Series, Seoul, Korea, July 12, 2011.

  • “History and International Relations in East Asia” East Asia Institute, Seoul, Korea, July 8, 2011.

  • “East Asia Before the West: Was it an international system?” University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, March 17, 2011.

  • “East Asia Before the West: Was it an international system?” Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., February 7, 2011.

  • “How Do States Overcome Enmity and Develop Friendship? A Survey of International Relations Theory on the Role of Exchanges in Political/Diplomatic Reconciliation,” at the conference, “Summer Conference & Symposium on the Role of Exchanges in Reconciliation,” Global Resource Services, Tucson, AZ., July 9-10, 2010.

  • “North Korea after the Cheonan Incident,” Korean American Coalition annual meeting, Los Angeles, CA, June 26, 2010.

  • “Implications of a KORUS FTA for Korea’s national security,” Korean American Chamber of Commerce, Los Angeles, CA, May 22, 2010.

  • “China-Japan-Korea relations,” Fukushima University, Fukushima, Japan, April 12, 2010.

  • “China and Korea in 2010,” Tokyo American Center, Tokyo, Japan, April 13, 2010.

  • “North Korea and Japan,” Fukui Chamber of Commerce, Fukui, Japan, April 15, 2010.

  • “North Korea’s Military Challenge,” US Consulate Roundtable Luncheon, Osaka, Japan, April 16, 2010.

  • “New approaches to Asian international relations,” Australian Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies, Australian Defence College, February 3, 2010.

  • “North Korea: Crazy Rogue or Misunderstood?,” Southern California Democrats, Los Angeles, CA, January 20, 2010.

  • “North Korea’s provocative actions,” Physicians for Social Responsibility, Los Angeles, CA, July 25, 2009.

  • “The North Korean nuclear problem: The emerging Obama administration’s policy,” Korean American Spine Society annual meeting, San Diego, CA, July 24, 2009.

  • “The role of NGOs in Korea’s democratic politics,” keynote address to the POSCO fellows, Indiana University, April 30, 2009.

  • “War and Peace in historical East Asia,” Department of Political Science, University of Texas at Austin, April 6, 2009.

  • “Asian views of China: status, legitimacy, and national identity,” Principia College, Elsah, Illinois, April 3, 2009.

  • “Confucian capitalism? The nature of Chinese hegemony in the early modern era,” Harvard Business School, institutional foundations of capitalism seminar series, March 4, 2009.

  • “New approaches to Asian international relations,” Australian Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies, Australian Defence College, February 3, 2009.

Presentations and Conferences (last five years)





  • “Asian Arms Races,” International Studies Association, annual meeting, Atlanta, GA, March 16, 2016.

  • “North Korean Futures,” RAND, November 2, 2015.

  • Chair, “History and International Relations,” International Studies Association, annual meeting, New Orleans, February 17-20, 2015.

  • Participant, Roundtable on “Author Meets Critics: Barry Buzan,” International Studies Association, annual meeting, New Orleans, February 17-20, 2015.

  • “The Religious Influence on Premodern East Asian Politics,” International Studies Association, annual meeting, New Orleans, February 17-20, 2015.

  • Paper, “Cross-Domain Deterrence” UCSD, November 6-7, 2014.

  • “Religion and Foreign Policy in Korea” conference on “National Cultures and Foreign Policy,” co-sponsored by the Robert Bosch Stiftung and the National University of Singapore, Berlin, Germany, October 3-4, 2014.

  • Discussant, “International Relations and East Asian History” panel, annual meetings of the American Political Science Association, September 2014.

  • “China’s Power in a Regional Context” at the Asan-China Forum, sponsored by the Asan Institute, Seoul Korea, April 2, 2014.

  • “Trustpolitik and North Korea” at the Korea Global Forum 2013, sponsored by the Asan Institute and Ministry of Unification, Seoul Korea, November 21, 2013.

  • “Why was there no Religious War in historical East Asia?” at the annual conference of the Association of Asian Studies, San Diego, CA, March 29, 2013.

  • “Issues for unification of the Korean Peninsula,” at the conference “Peace and Unification on the Korean Peninsula,” National Bureau of Asian Research and Korean Institute for National Unification, Seattle, WA, November 27, 2012.

  • “North Korea’s security strategy,” at the conference “Peace and Unification on the Korean Peninsula,” Center for Korean Studies, University of California, Berkeley, CA, September 19, 2012.

  • Moderator, “The US-ROK alliance,” at the conference “US-ROK Relations in 2013,” Sejong Institute and Stanford University, Stanford University, June 1, 2012.

  • “Power and Authority in International Relations,” (with Evelyn Goh), International Studies Association, annual meeting, San Diego, CA, April 2-4, 2012.

  • “North Korea: They Think They’re Normal,” International Studies Association, annual meeting, San Diego, CA, April 2-4, 2012.

  • “Nuclear Nonproliferation in East Asia,” International Studies Association, annual meeting, San Diego, CA, April 2-4, 2012.

  • “US-ROK relations in 2012,” at the conference “US-ROK Relations in 2012,” Sejong Institute and Stanford University, Seoul, Korea, December 13-14, 2011.

  • “China’s impact on models of international relations,” at the conference “Chinese Model(s) of development: regional and global aspects,” Academica Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, November 4-5, 2011.

  • “The North Korea Nuclear Problem as a Foreign Policy Issue,” at the conference “North Korea in Transition – where is it going?” Asia Foundation and University of British Columbia, Washington, D.C. September 15-16, 2011.

  • “The North Korea Problem,” presentation at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Seattle, WA, September 2-5, 2011.

  • “Korean Studies in Comparative Perspective,” presentation at the Korea Foundation Assembly, Seoul, Korea, July 7-9, 2011.

  • “The Cultural Dimension to East Asian International Relations,” at the conference “International Society and East Asia: The English School Theory at the Regional Level,” Fudan University, China, May 25-26, 2011.

  • “China and the U.S. as regional hegemons,” presented at the conference “Korean Studies in Latin America and Beyond,” UCLA, May 6-7, 2011.

  • “China and East Asia,” presented at the conference “China and Europe and East Asia,” University of California, Berkeley, CA, April 15-16, 2011.

  • “Chinese Economic History and International Relations Theory,” presented at the “UCLA-USC workshop “Chinese Economic History: interdisciplinary perspectives,” April 9, 2011.

  • “The North Korea problem,” roundtable participant at the meeting of the Association of Asian Studies, Honolulu, HI, April 2, 2011.

  • “US response to a nuclear North Korea,” at annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Montreal, Canada, March 16, 2011.

  • “The Status Dilemma in International Politics,” (with William Wohlforth) at annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Montreal, Canada, March 16, 2011.

  • “China’s rise,” discussant at annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Montreal, Canada, March 18, 2011.

  • “China’s economic impact on Southeast Asia,” discussant at annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Montreal, Canada, March 18, 2011.

  • “China’s Impact on the US-ROK alliance,” at 39th Taiwan-US Annual Conference on Contemporary China, Institute of International Relations of National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan, December 9-10, 2010.

  • “Status and international systems in historical context,” (with William Wohlforth) conference on “Status and Rising Powers,” Dartmouth College, October 22-23, 2010.

  • “The future of the Asian Regionalism,” conference on “Tomorrow’s Northeast Asia,” American University and the Korea Economic Institute, October 21-22, 2010.

  • “The Limits of Asian Regionalism,” NBR West Coast Forum, University of California at Berkeley, October 14, 2010.

  • “Asian institutions for controlling WMD,” at the conference “Institutionalizing Asia,” University of Washington, Seattle, WA, September 27-28, 2010.

  • “Territorial Disputes from the Perspective of Law and Politics,” Northeast Asian History Forum and CSIS Korea Chair, Washington, D.C., September 16-17, 2010.

  • “North Korean Illicit Activities and non-traditional security,” at the conference “Non-traditional Security Issues in North Korea,” University of British Columbia and Kyungnam University, Seoul, Korea, July 14, 2010.

  • “The US-Japan Alliance at a crossroads: implications for Korea,” at the conference, “The Future of the US-Japan alliance” Atlantic Council, Washington, D.C., June 30, 2010.

  • “North Korea: Challenges for the US and ROK,” at the conference, “New Thinking on the North Korean Issue,” Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., June 28, 2010.

  • “The US Role in East Asia,” at the conference “New Directions in U.S. Foreign Policy to East Asia,” Asia-Pacific Research Center, Stanford University, June 18, 2010.

  • “The US Role in East Asia,” (with Leif-Eric Easley), at the conference “Korea and East Asia:

International Relations and options for a regional collective security mechanism,” University of Vienna, Austria, June 5-6, 2010.

  • “Regional Institutions and WMD in East Asia,” at the conference “Regionalism in East Asia,” University of Washington, May 25-26, 2010.

  • “China and East Asia: increasing stability or increasing conflict,” International Studies Association annual meetings, New Orleans, LA, February 17, 2010.

  • “South Korea in the world, 2010,” Foreign Policy Research Institute, annual conference, Washington, D.C., January 25, 2010.

  • “U.S. Relations with Other Powers on the Korean Peninsula in the Global Financial Crisis,” 23rd Annual Conference of the Council on U.S.-Korea Security Studies, Yongsan, Seoul, October 29-30, 2009.

  • “The North Korea Challenge,” at the conference “Navigating Turbulence in Northeast Asia: Options for the US-ROK Partnership,” 20th annual US-Korea Academic Symposium, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, October 22-24, 2009.

  • “Status and hierarchy in international relations,” (with William Wohlforth) at the annual meetings of the American Political Science Association, Toronto, Canada, September 2-5, 2009.

  • “The Dokdo Issue from the Perspective of Political Science,” at the conference “Historical disputes in Northeast Asia,” Northeast Asian History Project, Seoul, Korea, August 6-7, 2009.

  • “China’s interests and influence in North Korea,” at the conference “The North Korean Nuclear Crisis,” University of British Columbia, June 25-26, 2009.

  • “Asian views of Westphalian sovereignty,” Claremont College symposium, April 4, 2009, Claremont, CA.

  • “Status, war, and hierarchy in international relations,” (with Evelyn Goh), at the annual meetings of the International Studies Association, February 16, New York, NY, 2009.

  • “Status hierarchy and international relations in contemporary East Asia,” at the annual meetings of the International Studies Association, February 15, New York, NY, 2009.

  • “Northeast Asia at the crossroads,” at the annual meetings of the International Studies Association, February 14, New York, NY, 2009.


Conferences and Workshops Organized (since 2009)


  • “Arms Races in East Asia,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, the Korea Foundation, and the Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership, University of Southern California, February 17, 2015.

  • “3rd Annual USC-Michigan Undergraduate Research Conference,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and the Nam Center for Korean Studies, University of Southern California, February 14, 2015.

  • “3rd Annual KSI Graduate Student conference,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, January 29, 2015.

  • “West Coast IR of Asia Scholars’ Conference,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and the USC East Asian Studies Center, November 3, 2014.

  • “6th Annual Rising Stars of Korean Studies,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and UCLA Center for Korean Studies, October 10-11, 2014.

  • “Taiwan in the World,” Sponsored by the USC East Asian Studies Center, March 3, 2014.

  • “2nd Annual USC-Michigan Undergraduate Research Conference,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and the Nam Center for Korean Studies, University of Michigan, February 7, 2014.

  • “2nd Annual KSI Graduate Student conference,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, January 23, 2014.

  • “5th Annual Rising Stars of Korean Studies,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and UCLA Center for Korean Studies, October 4-5, 2013.

  • “1st Annual USC-Michigan Undergraduate Research Conference,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and the Nam Center for Korean Studies, University of Michigan, February 8, 2013.

  • “Transition in North Korea: Lessons from other countries, 3rd meeting,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, the CSIS Korea Program, and the Asan Institute, Seoul, Korea, January 2013.

  • “1st Annual KSI Graduate Student conference,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, November 17, 2012.

  • “4th Annual Rising Stars of Korean Studies,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, October 12-13, 2012.

  • “West Coast meeting of the National Committee on North Korea,” hosted by the USC Korean Studies Institute, February 9, 2012

  • “3rd Annual Rising Stars of Korean Studies,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, October 21-22, 2011.

  • “Transition in North Korea: Lessons from other countries, 2nd meeting,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and the CSIS Korea Program, August 5-6, 2011.

  • “Korea and Japan: culture, society, and politics,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and the UCLA Center for Korean Studies, October 29, 2010.

  • “2nd Annual Rising Stars of Korean Studies,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, October 9, 2010.

  • “Transition in North Korea: Lessons from other countries,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and the CSIS Korea Program, August 20-21, 2010.

  • “The Lessons and Inheritance of The Korean War After Sixty Years in The Context Of U.S.-Korean Security Alliance,” the 25th Annual Conference of the Council On U.S.-Korean Security Studies, organized jointly with the USC Korean Studies Institute and the International Council On Korean Studies, June 24-25, 2010, University Of Southern California.

  • “West Coast IR of Asia Scholars’ Conference,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, US-China Institute (USC), and the Center for International Studies (USC), February 5-6, 2010.

  • “Ideas 2009: the diversity of Korean Studies,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, November 18, 2009.

  • “1st Annual Rising Stars of Korean Politics,” Co-sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute and the Georgetown Center for Asian Studies, October 10, 2009.

  • “North Korean Humanitarian and Human Rights Issues,” Sponsored by the USC Korean Studies Institute, March 30, 2009.



Teaching Experience


  • School of International Relations, USC, “International Relations Theory for PhD students,” (Fall 2013, Fall 2014).

  • KF E-School, “International Security of East Asia and Korea,” with Colegio de Mexico, (Spring 2012).

  • KF E-School, “Politics of the Korean Peninsula,” with UNAM (Mexico) and Universidad Nacional de La Plata (Argentina), (Fall 2011).

  • East Asian Studies Center, USC, “East Asian Societies,” (Spring 2012, Spring 2014).

  • School of International Relations, USC, “Business and Politics of the Korean Peninsula,” (Spring 2011).

  • Marshall School of Business, USC, “PM Globe: Business in Korea and China,” (Spring 2010). The course includes a two-week trip to Korea and China to visit factories and businesses.

  • School of International Relations, USC, “Introduction to International Relations,” (Fall 2010, Spring 2013).

  • School of International Relations, USC, “International Security of East Asia,” (Graduate, Fall 2009).

  • School of International Relations, USC, “Korea in its regional context,” (Spring 2009).

  • Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College, “Doing Business in Southeast and Central Asia,” Spring 2005, 2007, 2008 (MBA, with John Owens).

  • Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College, “Doing Business in Asia,” (MBA), Winter 1998-2008. The course includes a two-week trip to Korea, Japan, and Hong Kong to visit factories and businesses.

  • Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College, “Field Study in International Business,” Summer 1999- 2007. Course involves developing and managing teams of MBA students that conduct on-site consulting in Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and Vietnam.

  • Department of Political Science, Stanford University, “International Relations of Korea,” Winter 2006.

  • Department of Political Science, Stanford University, “Politics of the Korean Peninsula,” (Graduate) Fall 2005.

  • Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Dartmouth College, AMES 11 “Introduction to Korean Studies,” Winter 2005, Winter 2008 (with Suk-young Kim, Chris Hanscomb).

  • Asian Studies and Government Department, Dartmouth College, AMES 91/Govt 85 “Globalization and the Future of Asia,” Fall 2003, Winter 2005, Spring 2008.

  • Department of Political Science, Yale University, “Government-business relations and development in Asia,” (Graduate), Spring 2003

  • Government Department, Dartmouth College, Govt 85.5/50.1 “International Relations of Asia,” Spring 1997, Winter 1999, Spring 2001, Winter 2002, Fall 2003, Fall 2004, Spring 2008.

  • Government Department, Dartmouth College, Govt 5, “Introduction to international relations,” Spring 1996, Summer 1996, Summer 1997.

  • Government Department, Dartmouth College, Govt 48, “Politics of the Korean Peninsula,” Summer 1997, Summer 1999, Spring 2001.

  • Government Department, Dartmouth College, Govt 23, “The Politics of Economic Development in Asia,” Spring 1996, Spring 1997, Fall 2001, Winter 2004.

  • Government Department, Dartmouth College, Govt 45, “Japanese Politics,” Winter 1996, Summer 1996, Spring 1999, Winter 2001, Winter 2002.

  • Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College, “International Leadership Colloquium,” Winter 1997.

  • UCSD, IRPS 400, “International Relations of Asia,” Winter 1995.

  • UCSD, IRPS 484, “Korean Politics,” Winter 1995.

  • Teaching Assistant: Political Science 126B, “International political economy,” University of California at Berkeley, Spring 1992.

  • Teaching Assistant: Political Science 140c, “Popular Movements in China: 19th century to the present,” University of California at Berkeley, Fall 1991.

References: available upon request



Updated: October 1, 2014






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