All-Hazards Approach: “An integrated hazard management strategy that incorporates planning for and consideration of all potential natural and technological hazards.” (National Science and Technology Council 2005, 17)
All-Hazards Preparedness: “The term ‘all-hazards preparedness’ refers to preparedness for domestic attacks, major disasters, and other emergencies.” (HSPD-8, p.1, December, 2003)
Antiterrorism:“…generally used to describe passive or defensive measures against terrorism…” (Sauter & Carafano 2005, 261) See, also, Counterterrorism.
Assessment: Survey of a real or potential disaster to estimate the actual or expected damages and to make recommendations for prevention, preparedness and response. (U.N. 1992, 15)
Assessment: Survey of a real or potential disaster to estimate the actual or expected damages and to make recommendations for preparedness, mitigation and relief action. (Reference Center 1998)
Avalanche: Mass of snow and ice falling suddenly down a mountain slope and often taking with it earth, rocks and rubble of every description. (WMO 1992, 66)
Base Flood: A term used in the National Flood Insurance Program to indicate the minimum size flood to be used by a community as a basis for its floodplain management regulations; presently required by regulation to be “that flood which has a one-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.” Also known as a 100-year flood or one-percent chance flood.
Beaufort Scale: Numerical scale from 0 to 12, indicating wind force.
12-hurricane (Gunn 1990, 376; Reference Center 1998)
Blizzard: Violent winter storm, lasting at least 3 hours, which combines below freezing temperatures and very strong wind laden with blowing snow that reduces visibility to less than 1 km. (WMO 1992, 86)