Dance Definitions activity – Years 7-10


Vocabulary used and definitions



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Vocabulary used and definitions

Abstract movement Movement to represent an action – not mime

Air Pathway A pattern made in the air by the use of body parts (e.g. arm, leg, head)

Asymmetry A shape that has no line of reflection (mirror line)

Augmentation A dance device where movements are made larger in space or time

Beat An underlying pulse in a piece of music (usually 3 or 4 beats in a bar)

Body Base The body part/s on the floor (such as 2 feet, or 1 hand and 1 foot etc)

Canon A dance device where a movement is repeated by other dancers at different times

Elevation The ability to jump high in the air and appear to be suspended

Embellishment Add detail to a move, such as a hand gesture or an arm movement

Energy The way in which movement is performed using weight, time and flow

Floor Pathway A direction taken across the floor (zigzag, curved, straight, diagonal)

Focus Where a dancer is looking; concentration on the task

Gesture An action such as a wave, a nod or a bow

Genre A dance style (e.g. Kapa Haka, ballet, hip hop)

Improvise To make up movement on the spot – no rehearsal

Levels The height in space at which a dancer moves (e.g. high, medium, low)

Literal movement Mime. The opposite to abstract movement

Mirroring Reflecting the movements of another person as if they are a mirror image (facing each other)

Narrative Structure A dance that tells a story through movement

Orientation The direction the dancers are facing

Rondo A dance structure of recurring sections (e.g.ABACAD)

Sequence The order of the movements in a dance phrase

Shadowing Copying the movements of another person by following behind them

Symmetry A shape that has a line of reflection (a mirror line)

Unison All dancers performing the same movements at the same time


Year 10

A List



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