Cwi 2013 Ms. Rosenberg Practice Test Key

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CWI 2013 Ms. Rosenberg

Practice Test Key
Cold War US vs. USSR 1945-1992

  1. Soviet goals after WWII include all of the following EXCEPT

    1. Rebuilding the USSR

    2. Security

    3. Allying with Japan

    4. Weakening Germany

  1. The Eastern Bloc can best be described as…

  1. Soviet satellite nations in Eastern Europe

  2. A selection of Slavic states

  3. A U.S. plan to contain communism

  4. A and B

  1. During the Cold War Eastern Europe was seen as a(n)…

    1. Area of Soviet Dominance

    2. Security zone for the Soviet Union

    3. A focus of US Containment policy

    4. A and B

  1. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow.”

This excerpt from the Iron Curtain Speech in 1946 is saying…

    1. The Soviet Union must be stopped

    2. The Soviet Union now controls all of Eastern Europe

    3. The Soviet Union is a threat to Western Europe

    4. That Great Britain is under threat

  1. Winston Churchill's 1946 speech had the message of…

    1. The threat of the USSR and the need for and Anglo-American alliance

    2. Unity between the west and the Soviets

    3. Continued cooperation between the Big Three

    4. Creating NATO

  1. Soviet power, unlike that of Hitlerite Germany, is neither schematic nor adventuristic. It does not work by fixed plans. It does not take unnecessary risks. Impervious to logic of reason, and it is highly sensitive to logic of force. For this reason it can easily withdraw - and usually does - when strong resistance is encountered at any point.”

This excerpt from the Long Telegram is saying that the U.S.…

    1. Won’t listen to force alone

    2. Must apply force to stop Soviet expansion

    3. Should not take unnecessary risks

    4. Needs to be aware of Domino Theory

  1. Much depends on health and vigor of our own society. World communism is like a malignant parasite which feeds only on diseased tissue.”

This excerpt from the Long Telegram is saying…

  1. Communism will spread in countries with a strong society

  2. Communism grows by dominating conquered people

  3. Communism will spread to countries that are weakened

  4. Communism is a diseased and flawed ideology

  1. An overarching message from the Long Telegram was…

    1. The Soviet Union was aggressive and wanted to expand Communism

    2. The Soviet Union would not bother other countries if they felt safe

    3. Stalin was a crazy man and was mismanaging the country

    4. The United States needed to maintain its monopoly on nuclear weapons

  1. American policies designed to contain communism include the…

    1. Truman Doctrine

    2. Marshall Plan

    3. Chinese Gambit

    4. A and B

  1. The aim of Truman's speech to congress in 1947 was to get funds to support…

    1. Britain and France

    2. Greece and Turkey

    3. Turkey and Italy

    4. Turkey and Romania

  1. The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to give money to European countries to prevent them from becoming communist. This is an example of…

    1. Mutual assured destruction

    2. Containment

    3. The Truman Doctrine

    4. Destalinization

  1. The Berlin Airlift…

    1. Was a response to the building of the Berlin Wall

    2. Made Stalin look powerful

    3. Was a response to the Berlin Blockade

    4. Supplied East Berliners with needed resources

  1. NATO can best be described as…

    1. A military alliance of Non-communist countries

    2. A military alliance of Communist countries

    3. An economic alliance of North American countries

    4. None of the Above

  1. NATO was formed in response to…

    1. Concern over the weakness of the US nuclear arsenal

    2. Fear over the weakness of Soviet naval power

    3. The death of Stalin

    4. Western Europe's growing fear of Soviet power

  1. The Warsaw Pact can best be described as…

    1. An economic alliance of European countries

    2. A military alliance of Slavic nations

    3. A military alliance between Eastern Bloc countries and the USSR

    4. An alliance of the Eastern Bloc against the Marshall Plan

  1. During the Korean War, North Korea was supported by…

  1. NATO forces

  2. The United Nation

  3. Vietnamese Communists

  1. The USSR and China

  1. In 1956 Khrushchev gave a speech denouncing the policies of…

  1. V.I. Lenin

  2. Dwight Eisenhower

  3. Harry Truman

  4. Joseph Stalin

  1. In his speech, Khrushchev expressed the idea that the US and USSR could…

  1. Be friends

  2. Co-exist peacefully

  3. Have different paths to happiness

  4. Work together to forge socialism

  1. The opening of the space race between the US and USSR was…

  1. The successful test of an H-Bomb

  2. The successful orbit and return of Yuri Gagarin

  3. The launching of Sputnik

  4. MAD

  1. Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, in order to assure the survival and the success of liberty.”

The excerpt above, from President Kennedy’s Inaugural Address on January 20th, 1961, best reflects…

    1. Nuclear Aspirations

    2. Mutually Assured Destruction

    3. Counterforce

    4. Containment

  1. MAD…

  1. Is a form of deterrence

  2. Means mutual assured destruction

  3. Requires few nuclear weapons

  4. A and B

  1. In the Cold War context, Détente is best described as…

  1. A period of high tensions between the US and USSR

  2. The normalization of relations between the US and Japan

  3. A period of relaxed tensions between the US and USSR

  4. The breaking off of Sino-Soviet relations

  1. The SALT negotiations were an attempt to…

    1. Abolish MIRVs

    2. Limit nuclear weapons

    3. Organize détente rallies

  1. All of the above

  1. The Soviet occupation of Afghanistan…

  1. Was a drain on the Soviet economy

  2. Hurt Soviet credibility around the world

  3. Was largely a failure

  4. All of the above

  1. Gorbachev’s “New Thinking” held the belief that…

  1. Included Economic (Perestroika) and Political Reforms (Glasnost), but no social reforms

  2. Reversing Destalinization would save the Soviet Union’s economy

  3. Improving the USSR would come from open markets, freer speech, and addressing alcoholism

  4. Eastern Europe must remain communist at all costs and the Warsaw pact will ensure that.

  1. In 1983 U.S. President Ronald Reagan called the USSR…

    1. “Our friend and ally”

    2. “A business partner”

    3. “The evil empire”

    4. “A model for change”

  1. One of the earliest results of Glasnost 1986 was Gorbachev telling the USSR and the world about the nuclear disaster at…

  1. Vladivostok

  2. Novaya Zemlaya

  3. Chernobyl

  4. Siberia

  1. Glasnost proved to be disastrous for the Soviet Union because…

  1. It allowed for reforms that Gorbachev was not prepared for

  2. It allowed for political dissent and discredited ideas that had held the USSR together

  3. It hurt Gorbachev’s chances for reelection

  4. It embolden members of the Politburo

  1. The reforms of Perestroika moved the Soviet Union towards…

  1. Democratization

  2. A truly communist society

  3. Abolishing nuclear weapons

  4. A market economy

  1. Which of the following best characterizes Gorbachev’s democratization?

  1. A restructuring of government

  2. People could be nominated for office

  3. Eventual multi-party elections

  4. All of the above

  1. 1989 is called the Year of Miracles in the West because…

  1. Communism spread to many new countries

  2. Communism collapsed in Eastern Europe

  3. Communist countries all rebelled against the Soviet Union

  4. Capitalism Flourished in Eastern Europe

  1. This cartoon is an illustration of…

    1. The Cuban Missile Crisis

    2. The Berlin Blockade

    3. The Arms Race

    4. The Formation of NATO and the Warsaw Pact

  1. This map is representative of…

    1. The Truman Doctrine

    2. Containment

    3. The Marshall Plan

    4. The Formation of NATO

  1. The political cartoon below depicts…

    1. The breakup of the United States

    2. The breakup of the Russian Empire

    3. The breakup of the Soviet Union

    4. The breakup of the European Union

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