Identify, describe and apply health and safety regulations that apply to specific tasks and jobs. Students must complete a safety credential program, e.g., Occupational Safety and Health Administration 10, CareerSafe and ServSafe.
Identify, describe and apply Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other environmental protection regulations that apply to specific tasks and jobs in the specific occupational area.
Identify, describe and apply Right-To-Know (Hazard Communication Policy) and other communicative regulations that apply to specific tasks and jobs in the specific occupational area.
Explain procedures for documenting and reporting hazards to appropriate authorities.
Identify and describe potential consequences for non-compliance with appropriate health and safety regulations.
1. A.01 Performance Examples:
List and define OSHA Health and Safety Regulations, EPA and other environmental protection regulations to occupational area.
List and define Right-to-Know regulations and reporting of hazards and contact information for appropriate health and safety agencies.
List the laws and rules of regulatory agencies governing sanitation and safety.
Utilize OSHA as well as health and safety websites for purposes of research.
Identify and list contact information for appropriate health and safety agencies and resources.
Demonstrate appropriate health and safety practices based on the specific occupational area.
Identify, describe and demonstrate the effective use of Safety Data Sheets (SDS).
Read and interpret chemical, product and equipment labels to determine appropriate health and safety considerations.
Identify, describe and demonstrate personal, shop and job site safety practices and procedures.
Demonstrate safe dress and use of relevant safety gear, personal protective equipment (PPE) and ergonomics, e.g., wrist rests, adjustable workspaces, equipment, gloves, proper footwear, earplugs, eye protection and breathing apparatus.
Demonstrate appropriate safe body mechanics, including appropriate lifting techniques and ergonomics.
Locate emergency equipment, first aid kit, SDS information directories and emergency action/response plan/escape routes in your lab, shop and classroom, including labels and signage that follow OSHA Hazard Communication Program (HAZCOM), eyewash stations, shower facilities, sinks, fire extinguishers, fire blankets, telephone, master power switches and emergency exits.
Demonstrate the safe use, storage, and maintenance of every piece of equipment in the lab, shop and classroom, e.g., the OSHA Lockout/Tagout Program (LOTO).
Describe safety practices and procedures to be followed when working with and around electricity, e.g., ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) and frayed wiring.
Handle, store, dispose of and recycle hazardous, flammable and combustible materials, according to EPA, OSHA and product specifications.
1. A.02 Performance Examples:
Identify, describe and demonstrate the use of SDS.
List and demonstrate shop dress code, safety procedures and location of emergency equipment in labor classroom.
Define and demonstrate safe storage and maintenance of equipment and proper disposal or recycling of hazardous, flammable and combustible materials.
Identify, describe and demonstrate the Universal Precautions set of guidelines.
Demonstrate appropriate workspace cleaning, sanitation, disinfection and sterilization procedures required in specific occupational areas, e.g., Workplace Housekeeping OSHA Regulations.
Demonstrate appropriate responses to situations that may threaten health and safety.
Describe First Aid procedures for potential injuries and other health concerns in the specific occupational area.
Describe the importance of emergency preparedness and an emergency action/response plan.
Describe procedures used to handle emergency situations, defensive measures and accidents, including identification, reporting, response, evacuation plans and follow-up procedures.
Identify, describe and demonstrate safety practices in specific occupational areas used to avoid accidents.
Identify and describe fire protection, protection, precautions and response procedures.
Discuss the role of the individual and the company/organization in ensuring workplace safety including transportation to and from school, school activities and the workplace.
Discuss ways to identify, prevent and report school and workplace violence, discrimination, harassment and bullying.
Demonstrate positive and appropriate behavior that contributes to a safe and healthy environment in school and the workplace.
1. A.03 Performance Example:
Define first aid procedures and protocols used to handle emergency situations and practices used to avoid accidents.
View safety videos and discuss the role of workplace safety.
Attend or participate in a human rights alliance organization presentation.
Observe and/or demonstrate the appropriate use of a fire extinguisher using the (PASS) technique: Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep.
Review and discuss specific policies, procedures and protocols regarding discrimination, harassment and bullying.
Discuss and/or role-play proper and respectful behavior that contributes to a positive climate.
Discuss and/or demonstrate behavior that contributes to a collaborative/teamwork environment.
Bullying Prevention and Intervention Resources : www.doe.mass.edu/bullying
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: www.cdc.gov
Environmental Protection Agency : www.epa.gov
“Lost Youth – Four Stories of Injured Young Workers”– WorkSafeBC: http://www2.worksafebc.com/Publications/Multimedia/Videos.asp?reportid=34291
Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. (2011). Career/Vocational Technical Education Safety Guide: www.doe.mass.edu/cte
Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education: www.doe.mass.edu
Strand 3: Embedded Academics, a critical piece of a Vocational Technical Education Framework, are presented as Crosswalks between the Massachusetts Vocational Technical Education Frameworks and the Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks. These Crosswalks are located in the Appendix of this Framework.
Appendix A:English Language Arts
Appendix C:Science and Technology/Engineering
Earth and Space Science
Life Science (Biology)
Physical Science (Chemistry and Physics)
Strand 4: Employability and Career Readiness
Career Exploration and Navigation
Develop a career plan and portfolio.
Develop and revise career plan annually based on workplace awareness and skill attainment.
Assess personal strengths and interest areas to determine potential careers, career pathways and career ladders.
Examine potential career field(s)/discipline(s) and identify criteria to select, secure and keep employment in chosen field(s).
Research and evaluate a variety of careers utilizing multiple sources of information and resources to determine potential career(s) and alternatives.
Identify training and education requirements that lead to employment in chosen field(s) and demonstrate skills related to evaluating employment opportunities.
Explore and evaluate postsecondary educational opportunities including degrees and certifications available, traditional and nontraditional postsecondary pathways, technical school and apprenticeships, cost of education, financing methods including scholarships and loans and the cost of loan repayment.
Create a portfolio showcasing academic and career growth including a career plan, safety credential, resume and a competency profile demonstrating the acquisition of the knowledge and skills associated with at least two years of full-time study in the Chapter 74 program.
Demonstrate job search skills.
Conduct a job search and complete written and electronic job applications, resumes, cover letters and related correspondence for a chosen career path.
Explore and evaluate postsecondary job opportunities and career pathways specific to career technical areas.
Identify role and use of social media and networking for staying current with career and employment trends as well as networking, job seeking and career development opportunities.
Demonstrate ability to use social media and networking to develop useful occupational contacts, job seeking and career development opportunities.
Demonstrate all phases of the job interview process.
Gather relevant information about potential employer(s) from multiple print and digital sources, assessing the credibility and accuracy of each source.
Identify employment eligibility criteria, such as drug/alcohol free status, clean driving record, etc.
Practice effective interviewing skills: appearance, inquiry and dialogue with interviewer, positive attitude and evidence of work ethic and skills.
4. A Performance Examples:
Conduct research to analyze and present on specific careers within a cluster.
Conduct web-based job search using sites such as Monster.com, CareerBuilder.com, Indeed.com, Snagajob.com, Simplyhired.com and others.
Create profile on social media/networking site such as LinkedIn and/or LinkedIn University for postsecondary research and employment opportunities.
Complete online job application.
Conduct and videotape practice interviews for instructor and student analysis.
Provide students with sample employment and benefit packages for evaluation.
Explore and evaluate employment benefit packages including wages, vacation, health care, union dues, cafeteria plans, tuition reimbursement, retirement and 401K.
Communication in the Workplace
Demonstrate appropriate oral and written communication skills in the workplace.
Communicate effectively using the language and vocabulary appropriate to a variety of audiences within the workplace including coworkers, supervisors and customers.
Read technical and work-related documents and demonstrate understanding in oral discussion and written exercise.
Demonstrate professional writing skills in work-related materials and communications (e.g., letters, memoranda, instructions and directions, reports, summaries, notes and/or outlines).
Use a variety of writing/publishing/presentation applications to create and present information in the workplace.
Identify, locate, evaluate and use print and electronic resources to resolve issues or problems in the workplace.
Use a variety of financial and data analysis tools to analyze and interpret information in the workplace.
Orally present technical and work-related information to a variety of audiences.
Identify and demonstrate professional non-verbal communication.
Demonstrate active listening skills.
Listen attentively and respectfully to others.
Focus attentively, make eye contact or other affirming gestures, confirm understanding and follow directions.
Show initiative in improving communication skills by asking follow-up questions of speaker in order to confirm understanding.
4. B Performance Examples:
Read and analyze technical instructions to learn what makes them effective.
Read and analyze technical instructions to follow directions and/or solve a problem.
Examine a technical document and use it to write a set of instructions for another student to follow and evaluate.
Analyze websites for effective technical writing and design.
Create brochures and presentations using software and/or Web 2.0 tools to convey technical information.
Conduct research using the Internet, print documents, observations and interviews to create a technical guide.
Work Ethic and Professionalism
Demonstrate attendance and punctuality.
Identify and practice professional time-management and attendance behaviors including punctuality, reliability, planning and flexibility.
Demonstrate proper workplace appearance.
Identify and practice professional appearance specific to the workplace.
Identify and practice personal hygiene appropriate for duties specific to the workplace.
Identify and wear required safety gear specific to the workplace.
Accepts direction and constructive criticism.
Demonstrate ability (both verbally and non-verbally) to accept direction and constructive criticism and to implement solutions to change behaviors.
Ask appropriate questions to clarify understanding of feedback.
Analyze own learning style and seek instructions in a preferred format that works best for their understanding (such as oral, written or visual instruction).
Demonstrate motivation and initiative.
Evaluate assigned tasks for time to completion and prioritization.
Demonstrate motivation through enthusiasm, engagement, accurate completion of tasks and activities.
Demonstrate initiative by requesting new assignments and challenges.
Explain proposed solutions to challenges observed in the workplace.
Demonstrate the ability to evaluate multiple solutions to problems and challenges using critical reasoning and workplace/industry knowledge and select the best solution to the problem.
Implement solution(s) to challenges and/or problem(s) observed in the workplace.
See projects through completion and check work for quality and accuracy.
Demonstrate awareness of workplace culture and policy.
Display ethical behavior in use of time, resources, computers and information.
Identify the mission of the organization and/or department.
Explain the benefits of a diverse workplace.
Demonstrate a respect for diversity and its benefit to the workplace.
Interact appropriately with coworkers.
Work productively with individuals and in teams.
Develop positive mentoring and collaborative relationships within work environment.
Show respect and collegiality, both formally and informally.
Explain and follow workplace policy on the use of cell phones and other forms of social media.
Maintain focus on tasks and avoid negative topics or excessive personal conversations in the workplace.
4. C Performance Examples:
Complete a learning style analysis tool.
Develop a rubric to assess work ethic and professionalism as detailed in the standards above.
Negotiate solutions to interpersonal and workplace conflicts.
Business Professionals of America www.bpa.org
5 Ways to Ace a Job Interview: http://kidshealth.org/teen/school_jobs/jobs/tips_interview.html
America’s Career Resource Network: http://acrn.ovae.org/teachers/careerexpclassrm.htm
Career Cruiser – Florida Department of Education: http://www.fldoe.org/workforce/pdf/cruiser.pdf
Career Development Guide and Glossary: http://www.doe.mass.edu/connect/cde.html
Career One Stop: http://www.careeronestop.org/
Career Plan: http://www.doe.mass.edu/cd/plan/intro.html
Career Plan Model: http://www.doe.mass.edu/ccr/epp/samples/cpmodel_11x17.pdf
National Federation of Independent Business: www.nfib.com
National Foundation for Teaching Entrepreneurship (NFTE): www.nfte.com
SBA Loans: http://www.sba.gov
SkillsUSA Professional Development Program Competency List: http://www.skillsusa.org/downloads/PDF/lessons/professional/PDPPreview.pdf
Small Business Administration: www.sba.gov
A statement of the assets, liabilities and capital of a business at a particular point in time.
An estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time.
Types of business ownership refer to the legal structure of an organization. Legal structures include: Sole Proprietorship, Partnerships, Corporations and Limited Liability Companies.
A written document that describes in detail your business goals and how you are going to achieve them from a marketing, operational and financial point of view.
Chain of Command and Organizational Structure
Refers to the management structure of an organization. It identifies lines of authority, lines of communication, and reporting relationships. Organizational structure determines how the roles, power and responsibilities are assigned and coordinated and how information flows between the different levels of management. (A visual representation of this structure is called an org chart).
Federal Insurance Contributions Act requires taxes deducted from pay for supporting Social Security.
A financial statement providing operating results for a specific time period showing a business’s revenues, expenses and profit or loss.
A set of controlled variables that formulate the strategic position of a product or service in the marketplace. These variables are known as the 4 P’s of marketing and include product, place, price and promotion.
Methods to Track Inventory, Productivity and Labor Cost
Refers to the processes a business uses to account for: 1) the inflows and outflows of inventory and materials related to inventory; 2) the efficiency of operations and 3) the cost of labor including salary and benefits.
Promotional Tools and Techniques
The six elements of a promotional mix are: advertising, visual merchandising, public relations, publicity, personal selling and sales promotion.
The supply chain, or channel of distribution, describes how the product is handled and/or distributed from suppliers with materials, to the manufacturer, wholesaler or retailer and finally to the consumer.
Those who are most likely to buy your product or service.
Strand 6: Technology Literacy Knowledge and Skills
Technology Literacy Knowledge and Skills (Grades 9 through 12)
Demonstrate proficiency in the use of computers and applications, as well as an understanding of the concepts underlying hardware, software, and connectivity.
Use online help and other support to learn about features of hardware and software, as well as to assess and resolve problems.
Install and uninstall software; compress and expand files (if the district allows it).
Explain effective backup and recovery strategies.
Apply advanced formatting and page layout features when appropriate (e.g., columns, templates, and styles) to improve the appearance of documents and materials.
Use editing features appropriately (e.g., track changes, insert comments).
Identify the use of word processing and desktop publishing skills in various careers.
Identify the use of database skills in various careers.
Define and use functions of a spreadsheet application (e.g., sort, filter, find).
Explain how various formatting options are used to convey information in charts or graphs.
Identify the use of spreadsheet skills in various careers.
Use search engines and online directories.
Explain the differences among various search engines and how they rank results.
Explain and demonstrate effective search strategies for locating and retrieving electronic information (e.g., using syntax and Boolean logic operators).
Describe good practices for password protection and authentication.
Demonstrate the responsible use of technology and an understanding of ethics and safety issues in using electronic media at home, in school, and in society.
Demonstrate compliance with the school’s Acceptable Use Policy.
Explain issues related to the responsible use of technology (e.g., privacy, security).
Explain laws restricting the use of copyrighted materials.
Identify examples of plagiarism, and discuss the possible consequences of plagiarizing the work of others.
Design and implement a personal learning plan that includes the use of technology to support lifelong learning goals.
Evaluate the authenticity, accuracy, appropriateness, and bias of electronic resources, including Web sites.
Analyze the values and points of view that are presented in media messages.
Describe devices, applications, and operating system features that offer accessibility for people with disabilities.
Evaluate school and work environments in terms of ergonomic practices.
Describe and use safe and appropriate practices when participating in online communities (e.g., discussion groups, blogs, social networking sites).
Explain and use practices to protect one's personal safety online (e.g., not sharing personal information with strangers, being alert for online predators, reporting suspicious activities).
Explain ways individuals can protect their technology systems and information from unethical users.
Demonstrate the ability to use technology for research, critical thinking, problem solving, decision making, communication, collaboration, creativity, and innovation.
Devise and demonstrate strategies for efficiently collecting and organizing information from electronic sources.
Compare, evaluate, and select appropriate electronic resources to locate specific information.
Select the most appropriate search engines and directories for specific research tasks.
Use a variety of media to present information for specific purposes (e.g., reports, research papers, presentations, newsletters, Web sites, podcasts, blogs), citing sources.
Demonstrate how the use of various techniques and effects (e.g., editing, music, color, rhetorical devices) can be used to convey meaning in media.
Use online communication tools to collaborate with peers, community members, and field experts as appropriate (e.g., bulletin boards, discussion forums, listservs, Web conferencing).
Plan and implement a collaborative project with students in other classrooms and schools using telecommunications tools (e.g., e-mail, discussion forums, groupware, interactive Web sites, video conferencing).
The framework teams created an “Appendix” listing potential industry recognized credentials attainable by secondary students; lists of professional, student, and relevant government organizations; and useful resources and websites. * It is important to note that although most Framework Teams provided information for the “Appendix”, not all teams did. Therefore, sub-headings within the “Appendix” without information have been deleted.
Disclaimer: Reference in the Appendices Section to any specific commercial products, processes, or services, or the use of any trade, firm or corporation name is for the information and convenience of the public, and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.