Course Description: The course is offered to graduate and post-graduate students majoring in translation/interpreting, teaching English as a second or foreign Language, and Journalism. It introduces students to the history of Great Britain and offers an extensive analysis of the evolution of the English Language and its place among other Germanic languages. The course will help students enhance their general and linguistic background and enable them to better understand the main regularities of Language change and development. This course can be regarded as a rewarding addition to any theoretical language discipline, and be used in all teaching situations where the aim is to improve overall language proficiency that students need to satisfy growing academic requirements.
Course Objectives: 1. to introduce students to the early history of GB and emergence of the English language (Old English)
2. to trace the language change and development due to the main historical events of the Middle Ages (Middle English)
3. to introduce students to historical and socio- political changes in the country that led to the formation of the national literary language (Modern English)
4. to make the course an integral part of the English language curriculum for the Humanities
Introduction. The origins of the English Language. The Indo-European family of Languages. Germanic Branch. Discussion
Pre-Germanic Britain. Germanic Settlement of Britain. Beginning of English (Roman conquest, Anglo-Saxon conquest). Discussion
The origin and position of English.
The Periods in the History of English. Discussion
700 A. D. - 1100 – the period of full endings 450- 1150 OLD ENGLISH. Some characteristics of Old English. Old English alphabet and pronunciation. Linguistic History (spelling, grammar, vocabulary). Discussion
Runic inscriptions. Old English Manuscripts.
The poem Beowulf. Discussion
Old English Vocabulary. Foreign Influences on Old English. The Contact of English with Other Languages. Celtic Place Names and Other Loanwords. Discussion
1150-1500/ 1066-1509 A.D. MIDDLE ENGLISH (Germanic- Romance). The Scandinavian Conquest (early 8th century, late 9th century). The Norman Conquest and Middle English (1066-1200). Effect of the Norman Conquest on the linguistic situation. Struggle between English and French. Discussion
Dialect division. Rise of London dialect. Late Middle English. Reestablishment of the English Language as the State and Literature. Written records in the Late Middle English. Chaucer, Edmund Spenser, William Shakespeare. Discussion
MODERN ENGLISH (1500-present) – the period of lost endings (Renaissance). Development of the Literary Language. Flourishing of Literature in Early New English Language. Literary Renaissance. Introduction of printing. Discussion
Modern Period. Varieties of English in Britain in the 19th and 20th c. Discussion
Geographical expansion of the English Language. English outside Great Britain. Modern English vocabulary, phonetic and grammatical changes. Discussion