Interest Groups: When looking at how policy is directed in the United States, it would be unreasonable to leave out interest groups from such a conversation. They are the groups of people that come together with issues that are pressing to the American people and they unite to attempt to influence change on the policy making process. They enter the policy field through many different means, but they have primary goals and will use the means at their disposal to reap the results they desire. Interest groups shape American politics through developing means by which all people can access the political spectrum. This unit will allow students to describe the role of interest groups in American politics, compare and contrast the theories of pluralism, elitism, and hyperpluralism, analyze the factors that make some interest groups more successful than others in the political arena, assess the four basic strategies that interest groups use to try to shape policy, identify the various types of interest groups and their policy concerns, and evaluate how well Madison’s ideas for controlling influence of interest groups has worked in practice.