Counting coup: the winning of prestige in battle by the Plains Indians; warriors won prestige by acts of bravery in the face of the enemy, and these acts could be recorded in various ways and retold as stories



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pictographs: pictures and symbols the Plains Indians wrote on rocks, cave walls, and on scraps of buffalo hide; these pictographs told stories of their battles, heroes, and daily life
As we watch the film The Real West answer the following questions:
1. Who introduced the horse to North America? How did horses change the lifestyle and culture of the Sioux?
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2. What did the word “Sioux” mean to other Native Americans? What did the word “Sioux” mean to the Sioux?
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3. What were the roles of men and women in Sioux life? Did inheritance and living arrangements follow the mother or the father? What is the term for this?
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4. What larger ritual was piercings part of in Sioux culture??
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5. What role did war have in Sioux culture compared to its role in white America’s culture? How do we know this?
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6. What happened at the Fetterman Massacre?
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7. What were the intentions of the U.S. Government in bringing the war chiefs East? How did they accomplish these goals?
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8. Why weren't the Sioux interested in gold? What is the importance of the Black Hills to the Sioux culture?
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9. What vision did Sitting Bull have before the Battle of Little Bighorn? What was his participation in the battle?
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10. Why did Sitting Bull take his people to Canada? Why did they come back?
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11. What unusual path did Sitting Bull’s life take after he surrendered?
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12. Why was Sitting Bull killed? What did his killers do after his death?
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13. Why were the Indians at Big Foot moved to Wounded Knee? What happened at Wounded Knee?
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14. What were the consequences for both sides of the fight at Wounded Knee?
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