Cost us to maintain this declaration, and support and defend these states

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"I am well aware of the toil and blood and treasure it will
cost us to maintain this declaration, and support and defend these states.
Yet through all the gloom I see the rays of ravishing light and glory.
I can see that the end is worth all the means.
This is our day of deliverance."   - John Adams

This is an image of Benjamin Franklin (left), John Adams (middle)

and Thomas Jefferson (right) when working on the draft of the

Declaration of Independence.

This is an image of the men including Benjamin Franklin,

John Adams and John Jay who signed the Treaty of Paris

ending the Revolutionary War.

This is an image of the three branches of the U.S Government.

The person who thought of this idea and drafted the idea was John Adams.

This is letter by John Adams to his wife Abigail Adams

describing what John Adams feels about celebrating

the Independence day.

John Adams to Abigail Adams

3 July 1776:

The second day of July, 1776, will be the most memorable epocha in the history of America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of deliverance, by solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations, from one end of the continent to the other, from this time forward, forevermore.

You will think me transported with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of the toil, and blood, and treasure, that it will cost us to maintain this declaration, and support and defend those States. Yet, through all the gloom, I can see the rays of ravishing light and glory. I can see that the end is more than worth all the means, and that posterity will triumph in that day's transaction, even though we should rue it, which I trust in God we shall not.*

This is a part of the letter above.

abigail adams

This is an image of Abigail Adams,

the wife of John Adams. She was born

November 11, 1744 and died October 28, 1818.

paul revere\'s engraving of the boston massacre

Samuel Adams told Paul Revere to create an image of the

Boston Massacre. This image was used to increase the anger

that the colonist felt towards the British.

This is an image of the Declaration of Independence. John Adams

helped with writing and signing the Declaration of Independence.


  • John Adams was born in Quincy, Massachusetts on October 30, 1735

  • He attended Harvard University and graduated in 1755.

  • After he graduated, he went further in his education based on law and became a lawyer.

  • On October 25, 1764, John Adams married Abigail Smith.

  • Abigail Smith and John Adams had five beautiful children and they are Abigail Amelia, John Quincy, Susanna, Charles and Thomas Boylston.

  • John Adams died on July 4, 1826 in Quincy, Massachusetts and was also buried there.

Boston Massacre:

During March 5, 1770, eight British soldiers called Redcoats were assigned to guard in front of the Customs House when groups of Patriots suddenly attacked and harassed the soldiers. The British troops began to fire, killing Crispus Attucks, Samuel Gray, James Caldwell, Samuel Maverick and Patrick Carr. On the following day, James Forest, a Boston merchant asked John Adams to defend the British soldiers and he did. Even though it was a huge risk towards his life and family, he did not hesitate to agree with the case because he believed that everyone deserved a defense. During the trial, John Adams argued that the British soldiers defended their selves because they were in a life threatening situation since they were being attacked by the people. As a result, six out of eight were discharged but as the two, they were charged with manslaughter.

Revolutionary War

Second Continental Congress

On May 10, 1776, the Second Continental Congress was held to discuss the battle of Lexington and Concord which had started the Revolutionary War. The congress decided to break from Britain so they formed an army called the American Continental Army. John Adams issued that they need help from the South so he supported George Washington to be the commander-in-chief for the American Continental Army.

Declaration of Independence

On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was declared. John Adams had the privilege to write the Declaration of Independence along with Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert R. Livingston and Roger Sherman. He was also one of the 56 men who took the risk of signing the Declaration. Signing the Declaration of Independence was committing treason. John Adam was also asked by the convention to draft the Model Constitution which stated the three branches of government. The executive branch includes the President, Vice-President and all the cabinet members. The executive branch states that President has the ability to pass the bill. The legislative branch includes all the members of Congress and it states the people who can write the laws on a bill. The last branch is the judicial branch which includes the court system and states the laws.

Treaty of Paris

The treaty of Paris 1783 was the final act that ended the Revolutionary War. This treaty showed the terms that the British has to follow such as acknowledging that America has its own independent nation. John Adams was one of the men who helped write the treaty. He also signed the treaty along with Benjamin Franklin and John Jay.


John Adams was the first Vice President of the United States of America under the presidency of George Washington. During the election, he was the main candidate for vice president because many people supported him such as New England Federalist and Richard Henry Lee of Pennsylvania. As a vice president, he took responsibilities for several roles such as legislative and ceremonial. He was also the president of the Senate where he signed the legislative documents and spoke for many senators. His relationship with President George Washington was not close. For example, when George Washington needed advice, he often asked his cabinet members than John Adams.

John Adams became the second President of the United States in the year of 1796. One of his conflicts during his presidential was with France. France wanted the US to help fight with the Great Britain but US was friends with Great Britain so it created a conflict. To solve the problem, a peace treaty was signed with France. Also, John Adams became the first US ambassador to Great Britain.

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