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**Brazil-US Relations**

Yes – Brazil-US Relations

        1. Brazilian-US relations are on the rise

Associated Press, “Vice-President Biden Says Brazil-US Relations Enter New Era” Huffington Post, May 31, 2013

BRASILIA, Brazil -- Stronger trade ties and closer cooperation in education, science and other fields should usher in a new era in U.S.- Brazil relations in 2013, U.S. Vice President Joe Biden said Friday.Biden made his remarks after meeting with President Dilma Rousseff and Vice president Michel Temer on the last leg of his three-day visit to Brazil. "The president (Obama) wanted to make a statement of the importance that the relationship with Brazil has for us," Biden said. "That is why the first state visit of the second administration is to your president. We are pleased that your president has accepted the invitation."¶ "It is a sign of the respect we have for Brazil. I hope 2013 marks the beginning of a new era in the relations between our two countries," he added¶ The Oct. 23 visit will be an important diplomatic acknowledgment of Brazil's growing influence – and also a shift back toward the middle for Brazilian foreign policy under Rousseff.¶ Her predecessor, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, supported the Iranian government of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Venezuela's late president Hugo Chavez, both of whom Rousseff kept at arm's length. Brazilian Foreign Minister Antonio Patriota said U.S.-Brazil relations should "focus on areas like science, technology, innovation and education."¶ Biden told reporters he had a "wide-ranging discussion" with Rousseff who he said was a "leader who is laser-focused on addressing the needs of the Brazilian people. I now understand why President Obama considers her such a great partner."

No – Brazil-US Relations

Just rhetoric—no advancement of relations in the squo

Hakim, 2012

[Peter, Inter-American Discord: Brazil and the United States, 10-22-12,]

Even more unsettling for US-Brazilian relations have been the clashes over global issues. Washington has been especially troubled, and the bilateral relationship most bruised, by Brazil’s defense of Iran’s nuclear program and its opposition to UN sanctions on Iran. The two countries have also taken conflicting positions on nonproliferation questions, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and international responses to the uprisings in Syria and Libya. World trade negotiations have long been a matter of contention for both nations.¶ Yet, despite their persistent disagreements, the US and Brazil are not antagonists or adversaries. The two countries have maintained friendly ties for years. US presidents and other senior officials are welcomed in Brazil, and Brazilian leaders are warmly received in Washington. The governments have consistently found ways to accommodate their differing views and defuse tensions and conflicts. For instance, only months after Brazil campaigned against a US-Colombia security pact, it signed its own, albeit modest, military accord with the US. Increasingly, Washington routinely defers to Brazil for leadership in South America—even on issues where the two countries differ. The US has supported and appreciated Brazil’s management of the UN peacekeeping mission in Haiti for the past seven years. President Obama even sought Brazilian help in dealing with the sensitive issue of Iran’s nuclear ambitions—although it later regretted doing so when Brazil joined Turkey in a far more ambitious and public negotiating role than had been anticipated. ¶ Brazilian and US leaders often publicly assert that their bilateral relationship is as good or better than it has ever been, and claim that it is continuing to improve. Although more commonly expressed by US officials, it is not unusual for each of the two governments to refer to the other as a global or regional partner—and to suggest that the two nations are working toward a more robust, even strategic relationship. Yet, despite the continuing rhetoric, neither country has done much in recent years to advance the development of deeper, more cooperative ties.

Relations are strained but not collapsed in the squo

Hakim, 2012

[Peter, Inter-American Discord: Brazil and the United States, 10-22-12,]

US-Brazil relations reached a low point in the final year of President Lula’s government. On May 18, 2010, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton expressed outrage at Lula’s announcement from Tehran that he and his Turkish counterpart had reached a breakthrough agreement with Iran on its uranium enrichment activities. Secretary Clinton quickly condemned Brazil for meddling in a situation that it did not fully understand, and putting at risk a fragile international consensus to impose new sanctions on Iran. The Financial Times reported “Hillary Clinton…all but accused Turkey and Brazil of being international ingénues, suckered into a spoiling operation by Iran.” Secretary Clinton, however, may have been unreasonably critical and dismissive of the Brazilian negotiating initiative—which had, after all, been initially encouraged by the White House. Moreover, according to several highly regarded former US diplomats, the negotiations produced what Washington should have recognized as a potentially useful outcome. Still, whoever was right, US-Brazil relations were badly strained and have not yet fully recovered.

Disagreements aren’t the issue—finding areas of cooperation is key to move the alliance forward

Hakim, 2012

[Peter, Inter-American Discord: Brazil and the United States, 10-22-12,]

To be sure, the US and Brazil should be working hard to resolve their disagreements. But discord is not the major challenge confronting the bilateral relationship. Indeed, given the US’s worldwide interests and involvements coupled with Brazil’s outsized global aspirations and its growing economic and diplomatic heft, the two countries should expect to disagree and clash over many issues. And so far, the two counties have been remarkably successful in accommodating their differences, keeping their clashes within bounds, and sustaining a friendly relationship.¶ No, the central problem for Brazil-US relations has not been their disagreements. It has been their inability to find areas of agreement. An improved, more productive US-Brazilian relationship will require the two countries to identify issues and goals on which they are willing to commit themselves to sustained, long-term cooperation.For now, both nations seem comfortable with maintaining the status quo in their bilateral relations. The two governments may have aspirations to reshape global institutions and practices and to mold a new international order, but neither Brazil nor the US appears yet ready to invest much in building a more robust relationship with the other.

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